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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2016) 125 (1): 143–148.
Published: 01 January 2016
... creating a workable formal system. Many philosophers have suggested that a fruitful way to think about belief and uncertainty is through the framework of probability theory. The basic model for this way of thinking, often called “Bayesian,” is that an agent's degrees of belief can be represented by a...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2014) 123 (2): 131–171.
Published: 01 April 2014
...Hannes Leitgeb This essay develops a joint theory of rational (all-or-nothing) belief and degrees of belief. The theory is based on three assumptions: the logical closure of rational belief; the axioms of probability for rational degrees of belief; and the so-called Lockean thesis, in which the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2008) 117 (4): 555–606.
Published: 01 October 2008
... Beauty awakens her degree of belief in heads should be one-third. This demonstrates that it can be rational for an agent who gains only self-locating beliefs between two times to alter her degree of belief in a non-self-locating claim. © 2008 by Cornell University 2008 Arntzenius, F. 2003...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2010) 119 (4): 531–563.
Published: 01 October 2010
... virtuous people is conscious. The characterization of human consciousness that underlies both theories is best understood as one on which a wide variety of ideas in human minds are conscious, and the intensity or degree of consciousness of a given idea is a function of its power. For human minds, because...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2011) 120 (2): 207–245.
Published: 01 April 2011
... disagreement, there are two main competing rules offered for belief-revision in the face of peer disagreement: maintaining your existing opinion, or meeting halfway. This article investigates the comparative reliability of these two rules using two measures of reliability for degrees of belief, calibration and...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
...Huw Price In “A Subjectivist’s Guide to Objective Chance,” David Lewis says that he is “led to wonder whether anyone but a subjectivist is in a position to understand objective chance.” The present essay aims to motivate this same Lewisean attitude, and a similar degree of modest subjectivism, with...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2014) 123 (4): 379–428.
Published: 01 October 2014
... Lewis's treatment of two of Parfit's puzzle cases—degreed survival and fission—presuppose different nonclassical treatments of belief and desire. © 2014 by Cornell University 2014 Beliefs aim at truth and should be logically consistent. A consequence is that if we revise our views on truth and...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2016) 125 (4): 509–587.
Published: 01 October 2016
...Jason Konek Sarah Moss (2013) argues that degrees of belief, or credences, can amount to knowledge in much the way that full beliefs can. This essay explores a new kind of objective Bayesianism designed to take us some way toward securing such knowledge-constituting credences, or “probabilistic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2017) 126 (3): 345–383.
Published: 01 July 2017
...Carlotta Pavese Orthodoxy has it that knowledge is absolute—that is, it cannot come in degrees (absolutism about propositional knowledge). On the other hand, there seems to be strong evidence for the gradability of know-how. Ascriptions of know-how are gradable, as when we say that one knows in...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2003) 112 (3): i.
Published: 01 July 2003
... construed, will be considered. Submissions must be in English. The competition is open to anyone currently enrolled in a Ph.D. program (or equivalent) in philosophy or a related subject, as well as to anyone who did not receive a Ph.D. or equivalent degree before January 1, 2000. Submissions will be...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2003) 112 (2): i.
Published: 01 April 2003
... construed, will be considered. The competi- tion is open to anyone currently enrolled in a Ph.D. program (or equivalent) in philosophy or a related subject, as well as to anyone who did not receive a Ph.D. or equivalent degree before January 1, 2000. Submissions will be judged by members of the Sage...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2004) 113 (1): i.
Published: 01 January 2004
... construed, will be considered. Submissions must be in English. The competition is open to anyone currently enrolled in a Ph.D. program (or equivalent) in philosophy or a related subject, as well as to anyone who did not receive a Ph.D. or equivalent degree before January 1, 2000. Submissions will be...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2005) 114 (4): 551–553.
Published: 01 October 2005
... that freedom and unfreedom are contraries; and, perhaps most importantly, claiming that degrees of overall freedom are a func- tion of other values. I shall here expand and comment on the last two of these stances. One of Kramer’s central assumptions is that freedom should be interpreted in...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2002) 111 (3): 373–416.
Published: 01 July 2002
... always have an angle sum greater than 180 degrees. The properties of figures on the sphere are in fact precisely those of the corresponding figures in Riemannian or doubly elliptical geometry. Putting the two parts together, we get the result that the geometry of visibles is not Euclidean, but...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2018) 127 (4): 519–523.
Published: 01 October 2018
... does not know which of the two alternatives is the better or truer” (AT VII.433). If the two-way thesis were transposed onto freedom, Descartes would relegate it to the lowest degree of worthiness, to “indifference [which] does not belong to the essence of human freedom” (AT VII.433; AT VII.58...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2001) 110 (4): 596–599.
Published: 01 October 2001
...- ious forms of the history of philosophy: internal exegesis, external exegesis, his- torical philosophy, and the history of ideas. Stump examines Aquinas’s conception of wisdom as a virtue of speculative intellect. It is a matter of knowing God’s nature, action, and degrees. Stump explains the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2004) 113 (3): 438–441.
Published: 01 July 2004
... gauge the degree of rational belief for H in light of E. This posterior is arrived at by con- ditioning on H’s “prior” probability, and such “priors” are, Fisher maintained, either unacceptably subjective or based on the incoherent PIR. The likelihood of H on E is the true measure of the degree of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2012) 121 (2): 241–275.
Published: 01 April 2012
... Aristotelian Society 107 , no. 2 : 187 – 206 . ———. 2009 . “ Accuracy and Coherence: Prospects for an Alethic Epistemology of Partial Belief .” In Degrees of Belief , ed. Huber F. Schmidt-Petri C. , 263 – 97 . Dordrecht : Springer . Lewis D. 1980 . “ A Subjectivist’s Guide to...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2017) 126 (3): 390–393.
Published: 01 July 2017
... come in degrees, so I take her to mean that the greater the feeling of happiness one has, the better off one is—provided that one finds one's happiness in what is worthwhile. Similarly, the greater the worthwhileness of the things one has in one's life, the better off one is—provided one is also made...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2000) 109 (3): 425–428.
Published: 01 July 2000
... Littlefield, 1997. Pp. xii, 162. Robert Mayhew’s Aristotle’s Criticism of Pluto’s Republic focuses on Aristotle’s main objections to Plato’s political philosophy: the degree of unity envi- sioned by Plato is impossible/undesirable; too much unity undermines self- sufficiency; community of women and...