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definite descriptions

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (1): 59–117.
Published: 01 January 2015
... predicates that are true of their bearers. When a name appears as a bare singular in argument position, it really occupies the predicate position of what in this essay is called a denuded definite description : a definite description with an unpronounced definite article. Sloat provided good evidence for...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 433–463.
Published: 01 July 2020
.... We may call this problem the “description problem.” The description problem arises whenever we know there is a goal that can justify killing but encounter multiple ways to describe it. To better grasp the description problem, let us introduce a general definition of necessity that everyone should...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (1): 63–105.
Published: 01 January 2019
... Rundle's puzzle to Prior's puzzle. I argue that the proper substitution instance for a sentence like (3a) is not (3b), but rather (4) Sally hopes for the proposition that Fido barks. I claim that the definite description in (4) complements the very same verb that occurs in (3a)—the two-word lexeme...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (4): 591–642.
Published: 01 October 2020
... Ascriptions .” Philosophical Studies 168 , no. 2 : 491 – 543 . Schlenker Philippe 2004 . “ Conditionals as Definite Descriptions .” Research on Language and Computation 2 , no. 3 : 417 – 62 . Shah Nishi , and J. David Velleman 2005 . “ Doxastic Deliberation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (1): 119–152.
Published: 01 January 2015
...Christian List; Marcus Pivato This article offers a new argument for the claim that there can be nondegenerate objective chance in a deterministic world. Using a formal model of the relationship between different levels of description of a system, the article shows how objective chance at a higher...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (2): 151–205.
Published: 01 April 2011
... true. The second puzzle arises from the fact that sentences containing improper definite descriptions—“The present King of France is bald,” for example—can seem to generate counterexamples to the law of ex- cluded middle. It gains purchase, if it does, only because it takes seriously 3...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 219–240.
Published: 01 April 2017
... form, directly preceded by the null definite with which they form a definite description. So there will be no ungrammatical sentences containing bare singular name count nouns in argument position that wear their ungrammaticality on their sleeves in the way that *“Cat wants water” does ( Fara 2015a, 94...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (1): 87–102.
Published: 01 January 2009
... conditions of their possessors, in principle there can be a “package deal” definition that simultaneously defines both. Cornell University 2009 Burge, T. 2003 . “Memory and Persons.” Philosophical Review 112 : 289 -337. Lewis, D. 1972 . “Psychophysical and Theoretical Identifications...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 53–94.
Published: 01 January 2020
... null determiner composes with the name (i.e., the predicate) to form a definite description, the content of which is then contributed to the truth conditions of the sentence. In other words, like syntactic descriptivism, predicativism is committed to some nontrivial theoretical assumptions about the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (2): 314–316.
Published: 01 April 2008
... descriptions, proper names, and pronouns are the same—they have the same syntactic as well as semantic structure. They are definite descriptions, with the definite article THE taking two arguments, an index andaNoun Phrase. Elbourne’s proposal targets two dominant views, one in linguistics, the other in...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
... the variable view. According to the description theory (“descriptivism names are seman- tic kin to definite descriptions.3 Others (such as Burge [1973]) have 1. The name ‘Ernest’ occurring in the construction is mentioned rather than used...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (3): 432–434.
Published: 01 July 2004
... definite description. This problem is not of marginal importance. Although he initially states that the presumed descrip- tive material only “generally” accompanies the ostensive act, Berger later insists 432 BOOK REVIEWS that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 99–117.
Published: 01 January 2008
... semantic feature as a result of which they exhibit the same differences in behavior with definite descriptions is unaffected. Hence, the evidence that all occurrences of complex demonstratives share a uni- fied semantics (contrary to the +DRCD that is the conjunction of DRCD and the claim that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 605–609.
Published: 01 October 2002
... expression was employed in Gareth Evans’s 1979, where Evans argued from the possibility of quantifying into definite descriptions (as in his example ‘The father of each girl is good to her’) to the conclusion that definite descriptions are not referring expressions. Evans concluded that the existence of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 497–537.
Published: 01 October 2002
... DEMONSTRATING AND NECESSITY pointing or hand gesture), and “pure indexicals,” which do not (like ‘I’ or ‘tomorrow4 Moreover, according to Kaplan, demonstrations function rather like context-dependent definite descriptions: when performed (“mounted”) in a particular context, a demonstration takes on a...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 371–374.
Published: 01 July 2014
... networks of uses of proper names. The networks are formed by anaphoric links and reference borrowing, as in Kripke's causal account. Reflexive contents are discussed in relation to the use of singular terms, as will be exemplified below. Demonstratives, indexicals, names, and definite descriptions are...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 430–437.
Published: 01 July 2015
... negative, however, since the negation can be falsified by adding a particularly tall man. In general, sentences containing unembedded occurrences of superlative definite descriptions will typically be neither positive nor antipositive. ‘Temperature’ sentences appear to pose counterexamples to...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (2): 254–258.
Published: 01 April 2003
... philosophically crucial task of asking why the principle of compositionality ought to be one we seek to impose, and con- cludes in the fourth and fifth chapters by considering and rejecting two puta- tive counterexamples (manifesting in the semantics of adjectives and of definite descriptions) to the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 635–638.
Published: 01 October 2001
...), there simply cannot be beliefs with empirical content at all. To begin with, I think this both (i) does not appreciate Russell’s conception of the structure of propositions expressed with definite descriptions and (ii) insufficiently consid- ers the sort of empirical content indefinite thoughts—such...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (2): 151–196.
Published: 01 April 2018
... with a Unicorn , ed. Bell Esther London : D. Giles . Crane Tim 2012 . “ What Is the Problem of Non-Existence? ” Philosophia 40 : 417 – 34 . Donnellan Keith 1966 . “ Reference and Definite Descriptions .” Philosophical Review 75 : 281 – 304 . Dorr Cian...