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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 573–609.
Published: 01 October 2012
... physical chance. (ii) Counterfactual conditionals can be defined by appeal to a relation of closeness between possible worlds. The essay tries to show that absurd consequences ensue if either of these assumptions is combined with antihaecceitism. Then it considers a natural response by the antihaecceitist...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 205–229.
Published: 01 April 2014
...Chiwook Won The overdetermination problem has long been raised as a challenge to nonreductive physicalism. Nonreductive physicalists have, in various ways, tried to resolve the problem through appeal to counterfactuals. This essay does two things. First, it takes up the question whether...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 489–495.
Published: 01 July 2020
...Justin Khoo While this strategy achieves Schulz’s aims, it leaves open the question why “we can only know an arbitrary F to be G if all F s are G s…for [otherwise] we cannot know which [ F ] has been selected” (176). Notice that, if we could learn thin counterfactual information by ruling...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (2): 241–286.
Published: 01 April 2016
...Cian Dorr This essay considers how counterfactuals should be evaluated on the assumption that determinism is true. It argues against Lewis's influential view that if anything had happened that did not actually happen, the actual laws of nature would have been false, and defends the competing view...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (4): 614–619.
Published: 01 October 2021
...Lei Zhong leizhong@cuhk.edu.hk Kroedel Thomas , Mental Causation: A Counterfactual Theory . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 2020 x + 224 pp. © 2021 by Cornell University 2021 In this book, Thomas Kroedel develops a novel account of mental causation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 323–369.
Published: 01 July 2018
...Alexander W. Kocurek A counteridentical is a counterfactual with an identity statement in the antecedent. While counteridenticals generally seem nontrivial, most semantic theories for counterfactuals, when combined with the necessity of identity and distinctness, attribute vacuous truth conditions...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 281–338.
Published: 01 July 2014
... attributing any particular meaning to an expression is modally plastic: its truth depends very sensitively on the exact microphysical state of the world. However, such plasticity seems to threaten ordinary counterfactuals whose consequents contain speech reports, since it is hard to see how we could...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (1): 1–50.
Published: 01 January 2006
... 27 : 76 -105. Beebee, H. 2004 . “Causing and Nothingness.” In Causation and Counterfactuals , ed. J. Collins, N. Hall, and L. Paul, 291 -308. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Block, N. 1995 . “How Heritability Misleads about Race.” Cognition 56 : 99 -128. Cheng, P. W. 1997 . “From...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (4): 495–532.
Published: 01 October 2007
...Christopher Hitchcock Prevention, Preemption, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason Christopher Hitchcock California Institute of Technology 1. Counterfactual Theories of Causation One event, e, counterfactually...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (4): 545–547.
Published: 01 October 2005
...–84), transi- tivity (57–59), and asymmetry (197–98). Woodward’s account is nonreductive: he uses some causal relations (interven- tions) to characterize others. He argues that interventions solve a number of problems for reductive counterfactual accounts, especially Lewis’s (chap 3.6...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 274–276.
Published: 01 April 2000
... discusses the “grounding” objection: the contention that since contingently true counterfactuals of freedom cannot be grounded in divine or human activity or in what will in fact occur, there can be no such truths. In response, Flint denies that we need “here and now” grounding for counterfactuals...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (3): 361–396.
Published: 01 July 2001
.... Oxford: Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press. Collins, J., N. Hall, and L. Paul, eds. Forthcoming. Causation and Counterfactuals. Cambridge: MIT Press. Dowe, P. 1999 . “The Conserved Quantity Theory of Causation and Chance Raising.” Philosophy of Science 66 (Proceedings): S486 -S501...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (2): 289–306.
Published: 01 April 2013
... form a partition (with respect to Cr) over out- comes that the agent cares about. So the agent is certain that exactly one of N1,N2, Nk is true, and V (O ^ Ni) ¼ V(O^ Ni ^ X) for any X such that Cr (O ^ Ni ^ X) . 0. The “counterfactual” ! is an operator on pairs of propositions to which...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 550–554.
Published: 01 October 2018
... without having the ability to do otherwise. Nonetheless, the details of actual sequence views have proven difficult to articulate and defend. Many actualists sneak modal concepts (possibilities, counterfactuals, dispositions) into their views. Other forms of actualism are overly schematic and do...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 45–96.
Published: 01 January 2021
... structural equations token causation actual causation counterfactuals References Andreas, Holger, and Mario Günther. 2018. “A Ramsey Test Analysis of Causation for Causal Models.” British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. Published ahead of print, December 10. doi.org/10.1093/bjps/axy074...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (3): 273–316.
Published: 01 July 2006
... . “Investigations into Logical Deduction.” In Collected Papers of Gerhard Gentzen , ed. M. E. Szabo, 68 -131. Amsterdam: North-Holland. Goodman, Nelson. 1954 . Fact, Fiction, and Forecast . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Gundersen, Lars B. 2004 . “Outline of a New Semantics for Counterfactuals...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 565–591.
Published: 01 October 2010
... theory of causation is the notion of a real ground or causal power that is non-Humean (since it doesn't reduce to regularities or counterfactual dependencies among events or states) and non-Leibnizean because it doesn't reduce to logical or conceptual relations. However, we raise questions about...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 234–238.
Published: 01 April 2014
... 7 is a tour de force interpretation of Leibniz's view of God's knowledge of mundane counterfactuals (that is, counterfactuals about possible substances within a possible world), of which many examples of middle knowledge are instances. Griffin argues that, for Leibniz, such counterfactuals are made...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 639–641.
Published: 01 October 2001
... in a directed graph, with an “arrow” drawn from Vi to Vj just in case Vi figures in the function for Vj. The directed graph representation greatly facilitates inferences about the model. A causal model may be used to evaluate counterfactuals of the following form: if the value of Vi were vi...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 116–118.
Published: 01 January 2014
.... Furthermore, it allows for a distinction within the laws, for some laws seem to be more resilient under counterfactual suppositions than others: the symmetry and conservation laws seem stable under counterfactual changes to the force laws: if gravitational force were inversely proportional to the cube...