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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 421–479.
Published: 01 October 2017
...Franz Dietrich; Christian List This essay presents a new “reason-based” approach to the formal representation of moral theories, drawing on recent decision-theoretic work. It shows that any moral theory within a very large class can be represented in terms of two parameters: (i) a specification...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 95–130.
Published: 01 January 2020
... elsewhere. Then, I propose a more promising solution. Moreover, I argue that a closely analogous problem arises for an important class of idealizing subjectivist views and that this problem admits of a similar solution. We need an account that is less restrictive than actualism but less permissive than...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... in Lewis’s views on these two matters, by presenting a class of decision problems—some of them themselves Newcomb problems—in which Lewis’s view of the relevance of inadmissible evidence seems in tension with his causal decision theory. It offers a diagnosis for this dilemma and proposes a remedy, based...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (2): 201–242.
Published: 01 April 2010
..., which it argues is largely independent of any particular ethical standpoint, gives us some reason to doubt a class of ethical theories that includes utilitarianism. © 2010 by Cornell University 2010 I owe thanks to Stephen Kearns, Daniel Markovits, Derek Parfit, Rebecca Markovits, Adrian Moore...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (1): 1–31.
Published: 01 January 2005
... income, of Americans aged forty to sixty in 2004. Then our rich-ordering contains annual incomes proceeding from one that would make such an American definitely rich, say $200,000, to one that would make him definitely middle class, hence definitely not- rich—say $50,000. Suppose further...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (1): 77–79.
Published: 01 January 2001
... began with (and has not abandoned) a set-theoretical conception of properties. For something to have a property is no more than for it to be a member of a certain class. Furthermore, any class, no matter how gruesome it is, determines a property. Lewis, in accordance with his realistic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (1): 138–141.
Published: 01 January 2001
... a proposition” (1903, 45). Hence, in PoM, Russell holds that from the proposi- tion ‘Socrates is human’, we can obtain the (false) propositions ‘Humanity is human’ and ‘The class of humans is human’, replacing Socrates by the proper- ty of humanity and the class of humans, respectively. Hence also...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 605–609.
Published: 01 October 2002
... directly to the world. If the semantic contribution of a singular term to a thought is simply the object it denotes, and the thought is the object of modal evaluation, then the modal rigidity of the class of terms falls out as a consequence. Demonstrative phrases, both simple and complex, have always...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 473–480.
Published: 01 July 2020
... consciousness are divided into two great classes, the class of physical and the class of mental phenomena” ( [1874] 1995 : 77). It is by reference to these two great classes that we can distinguish the subject matter of the natural sciences from that of psychology. Brentano’s task, in present-day terms...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (4): 574–577.
Published: 01 October 2004
... Response is an admirable account of Reid’s strongly philosophical response to skepticism. De Bary divides Reid’s anti-skeptical arguments into two main classes. Argu- ments in the first class criticize Cartesian foundationalism. A Cartesian crite- rion for justification allows only those beliefs...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (4): 415–448.
Published: 01 October 2006
... generally, the bond- age extension of a formula φ with respect to a variable α, under a value- assignment s, is the characteristic function of the class of objects i from α φ α the range of such that is true under s i . For most purposes, the bond- age extension may...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 621–623.
Published: 01 October 2001
... content, do not establish the strong form. Strong externalism about a class of mental states, in Rowlands’s sense, is the view that mental states in that class are externally constituted. A mental state of a subject S “is externally constituted if and only if it is composed not only of an internal...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 371–398.
Published: 01 July 2018
... measure (or equivalence class of measures) of causal strength. Second, there is pluralism : no single measure satisfies all the conditions that an adequate measure of causal strength should possess. This is perhaps the default view. After all, intuitions about complex concepts such as causal strength may...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (4): 533–581.
Published: 01 October 2021
... assumptions, and then I will articulate the class of problems concerning how facts involving truth are to be grounded. These problems center on certain puzzles due to Fine ) ( 2010 ), with variations discovered by other authors. Switching tracks, I will next discuss the motivations for the strand...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 523–527.
Published: 01 October 2019
... as if he just got an email about a snow day. This makes it just as rational for him to believe class is canceled as for Justin, who knows he got the email. Yet this can't be the whole story. Lord points out that this solution leads to another problem, the new new evil demon problem, which goes as follows...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (1): 55–93.
Published: 01 January 2012
... elegantly with a single modification to CP. 2.3. The Atypical Class Member Problem The third type of counterexample to CP (and CPþ) that I will be con- cerned with here is the following kind of case: MARBLES There is a jar of ten marbles in front of me, five of which were made...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 430–437.
Published: 01 July 2015
... for, and philosophical applications of, scrutability theses , which say that all truths can be determined, or “scried,” to use Chalmers's preferred term (30), from a relatively austere class of truths. Different scrutability theses are obtained by specifying the sorts of truths that figure in the austere basis...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (4): 525–560.
Published: 01 October 2003
... on the fly. Trouble in High School: A former colleague of mine reports having been very bored in high school, and admits to frequently skipping classes … so frequently, in fact, that she ought to have been kicked out of school. She never asked for an exception to the rule that gets you expelled...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (4): 571–574.
Published: 01 October 2004
... Bary divides Reid’s anti-skeptical arguments into two main classes. Argu- ments in the first class criticize Cartesian foundationalism. A Cartesian crite- rion for justification allows only those beliefs that are immune to all conceivable doubt to be foundational and permits only introspective con...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (2): 199–240.
Published: 01 April 2001
... is that intermodal unrestrict- ed intentionalism is true. 4. Objections to Intentionalism To avoid an unsatisfactory antinomy, the principal objections to inten- tionalism now need to be defused; they can be divided into three classes. (Since the objections are almost always directed at intramodal...