Search Results for claim
1-20 of 848 Search Results for
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (3): 307-339.
Published: 01 July 2016
...Jeffrey Sanford Russell; John Hawthorne Famous results by David Lewis show that plausible-sounding constraints on the probabilities of conditionals or evaluative claims lead to unacceptable results, by standard probabilistic reasoning. Existing presentations of these results rely on stronger...
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (2): 153-181.
Published: 01 April 2009
...Louis deRosset A major source of latter-day skepticism about necessity is the work of David Hume. Hume is widely taken to have endorsed the Humean claim : there are no necessary connections between distinct existences. The Humean claim is defended on the grounds that necessary connections between...
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (3): 365-380.
Published: 01 July 2010
...Joseph Levine Type-B materialists (to use David Chalmers's jargon) claim that though zombies are conceivable, they are not metaphysically possible. This article calls this position regarding the relation between metaphysical and epistemic modality “modal autonomism,” as opposed to the “modal...
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 555-606.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Michael G. Titelbaum Can self-locating beliefs be relevant to non-self-locating claims? Traditional Bayesian modeling techniques have trouble answering this question because their updating rule fails when applied to situations involving contextsensitivity. This essay develops a fully general...
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (1): 95-124.
Published: 01 January 2012
... incompatibilists believe that we can or should forgo moral blame if determinism is true, their stance may seem out of touch with our emotional reality. This essay examines Strawson's claim that the reactive attitudes are inseparable from ordinary interpersonal relationships. Strawson says surprisingly little to...
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (2): 277-284.
Published: 01 April 2012
...Robert Van Gulick In “Absent Qualia and the Mind-Body Problem,” Michael Tye (2006) presents an argument by which he claims to show the inconceivability of beings that are functionally equivalent to phenomenally conscious beings but lack any qualia. On that basis, he concludes that qualia can be...
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 487-514.
Published: 01 October 2018
...Peter B. M. Vranas The claim that (OIC) “ought” implies “can” (i.e., you have an obligation only at times at which you can obey it) entails that (1) obligations that become infeasible are lost (i.e., you stop having an obligation when you become unable to obey it). Moreover, the claim that (2...
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (2): 179-217.
Published: 01 April 2019
...? Dispositionalists claim that the basing relation consists in the agent's manifesting a disposition to respond to those bases by having the belief, intention, resentment, and so on, in question. Representationalists claim that the basing relation consists in the agent's representing the bases as justifying the...
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (2): 285-320.
Published: 01 April 2011
...Samuel Levey The article is a critical notice of Daniel Garber, Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad . Garber presents a developmental reading of Leibniz's metaphysics that focuses on Leibniz's evolving analysis of body and force as the key to his account of substance. Garber claims that Leibniz shifts...
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (1): 55-93.
Published: 01 January 2012
...Matthew Kotzen This essay addresses the question of when evidence for a stronger claim H1 also constitutes evidence for a weaker claim H2. Although the answer “Always” is tempting, it is false on a natural Bayesian conception of evidence. This essay first describes some prima facie counterexamples...
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (4): 567-586.
Published: 01 October 2011
...Trenton Merricks The bulk of the essay “Truth and Freedom” ( Philosophical Review 118 : 29–57) opposes fatalism, which is the claim that if there is a true proposition to the effect that an action A will occur, then A will not be free. But that essay also offers a new way to reconcile divine...
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (2): 189-214.
Published: 01 April 2013
...Carolina Sartorio Some philosophers have claimed that causally determined agents are not morally responsible because they cannot make a difference in the world. A recent response by philosophers who defend the compatibility of determinism and responsibility has been to concede that causally...
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 79-105.
Published: 01 January 2014
... Parfit's arguments against subjectivist theories of practical reason, it is argued that a form of subjectivist theory exists that is not only consistent with Parfit's claim that all reasons for acting are object rather than state given, but that can support that claim. Second, it is argued that Parfit's...
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 527-575.
Published: 01 October 2013
... possible. The key claim in this argument is that the goal of representing the world as accurately as possible is best served by having credences that are probabilistically coherent. This essay shows that this claim is false. In certain cases, the goal of having accurate credences is best served by being...
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (2): 169-206.
Published: 01 April 2015
...Tim Henning Many authors in ethics, economics, and political science endorse the Lottery Requirement, that is, the following thesis: where different parties have equal moral claims to one indivisible good, it is morally obligatory to let a fair lottery decide which party is to receive the good...
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 323-369.
Published: 01 July 2018
... to such counterfactuals. In light of this, one could try to save the orthodox theories either by appealing to pragmatics or by denying that the antecedents of alleged counteridenticals really contain identity claims. Or one could reject the orthodox theory of counterfactuals in favor of a...
Includes: Supplementary data
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (3): 323-348.
Published: 01 July 2008
... after. For biological conception is most plausibly seen as a momentous event in the continuing life of a preexisting organism—the egg—rather than a cataclysmic event ending one life and creating another. This article considers and rebuts the most likely challenges to this claim. This metaphysical point...
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (3): 385-443.
Published: 01 July 2008
...Agustín Rayo This essay is a study of ontological commitment, focused on the special case of arithmetical discourse. It tries to get clear about what would be involved in a defense of the claim that arithmetical assertions are ontologically innocent and about why ontological innocence matters. The...
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 481-524.
Published: 01 October 2008
... prototypes to which a satisfactory account must answer. I argue against these positions and then pursue an account that finds its motivation in their rejection. My main claim is: the power to make promises, and other related forms of commitment, is an integral part of the ability to engage in special...
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (4): 501-532.
Published: 01 October 2009
... rejection of occasionalism, provides the basis for a compelling argument for the indispensability of world-mind affection relations. Extended to the transcendental idealist framework, the same argument reveals noumenal affection as an indispensable presupposition of some knowledge claims consistently upheld...