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basing relation

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (2): 179–217.
Published: 01 April 2019
...Ram Neta Sometimes, there are reasons for which we believe, intend, resent, decide, and so on: these reasons are the “bases” of the latter, and the explanatory relation between these bases and the latter is what I will call “the basing relation.” What kind of explanatory relation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 251–298.
Published: 01 April 2020
... on reasons. Then the author argues that core object representations are based on reasons, through an examination of both experimental results and key markers of the basing relation. The scope of mental states that are subject to epistemic evaluation as justified or unjustified is not restricted to beliefs...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 353–392.
Published: 01 July 2015
... by analogy to what we naively wish to say about testimony, or which instead attempt to extend to testimony the epistemically preservative role of memory. memory testimony internalism externalism extended mind basing relation rational explanation Is memory merely testimony from one's former...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... to causal beliefs, and one-boxers to evidential beliefs. The essay notes that a similar issue can arise when the modality in question is chance, rather than causation. In this case, the conflict is between decision rules based on credences guided solely by chances, and rules based on credences guided...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (2): 183–223.
Published: 01 April 2009
...-based resemblance relation to another. In section 5, 185 CATHARINE ABELL I build on this epistemic story to provide an exact specification of the resemblance relation such that one object’s bearing it to another is both necessary...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (1): 93–117.
Published: 01 January 2013
... qualities related to oneself is necessary for modesty. It then offers an attention-based account, claiming that what is necessary for modesty is to direct one’s attention in certain ways. By analyzing modesty in this way, we can best explain the distinct features of modesty, keep much of what is intuitive...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 497–529.
Published: 01 October 2010
.... The basing relation, like the in-virtue-of relation, is another important but poorly understood relation. For the sake of this essay, I will endorse the following relatively uncontroversial characteriza- tion. The basing relation is supposed to capture what it is for a mental state M (or perhaps...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 103–107.
Published: 01 January 2000
... rational insight are likely to be true, this fact is general and cannot be directly justified by experience. The basing relation is controversial. But if, as seems plausible, it involves a counterfactual dependence of the belief on the insight, then the fact that such a relation obtains...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (3): 395–425.
Published: 01 July 2013
... of the well-groundedness or basing relation (for an overview, see Korcz 1997 ). 19. Note that I already limited my discussion of peer disagreement cases to cases in which you and S both arrive at your beliefs after a process of reasoning. So the limitation to inferentially justified beliefs...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (1): 1–41.
Published: 01 January 2017
... is an epistemizer—whether it positions one to know—depends on whether certain enabling conditions are satisfied. I discuss enabling conditions in detail in section 6.2.  5. Here I set aside worries about whether a purely psychological-basing relation would be sufficient to gain knowledge from factors...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 421–479.
Published: 01 October 2017
... that we admit as candidates for normatively relevant properties. 34. See appendix C for a discussion of an agent-relative weighing relation. © 2017 by Cornell University 2017 moral theories normatively relevant properties weighing of reasons reason-based representation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (1): 140–146.
Published: 01 January 2017
... question of political philosophy that Philip Pettit sets about to answer in his On the People's Terms ( OTPT ). In this book, the author presents a theory of republican democracy based on freedom as nondomination (FND) as a core standard of legitimacy. In doing so, Pettit's book joins a movement...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (2): 155–204.
Published: 01 April 2016
... is unsuccessful: specifically, the nature of a given body does not include its causal relations to other bodies. Second, it confirms that the nature-based interpretation avoids the dilemma facing the causal and modal interpretations. Unlike those interpretations, the nature-based interpretation can honor...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 635–638.
Published: 01 October 2001
... at issue need not (likely would not) accept the needed presupposition. Unless Brewer thinks that all reference is fundamentally perceptual or that all beliefs are perceptually based, we cannot conclude that every basic empirical belief has its content only in virtue of its relations to perceptual...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 159–210.
Published: 01 April 2020
...-giving, or perhaps less so, or perhaps the relation to a false belief is in some other way relevant. This—the possibility that a preference is based on a false belief—is, of course, a very wide phenomenon, and it has nothing necessarily to do with adaptive preferences. 28 Many classical false...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 147–190.
Published: 01 April 2017
... a representation of a linear ordering that is not based on the representation of the part-whole relations of collections. This nonderivative representation of a linear ordering is a hallmark of an ordinal conception of number. 16 Nevertheless—and this is crucial to understanding and assessing Kant's views...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 277–281.
Published: 01 April 2000
... of Inductive Logic, ed. J. Hintikka and P. Suppes. Amsterdam: North Holland. ____. 1975 . The Logic of Conditionals. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. Bacchus, F., A. J. Grove, J. Y Halpern, and D. Koller. 1996 . “From Statistical Knowledge Bases to Degrees of Belief.” Artificial Intelligence 87 : 75 -143...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 558–561.
Published: 01 October 2018
... perceivers, objects, and the like, and take that to be the bearer of chromatic properties” (143). She therefore rejects both standard realist views that hold external items have colors as well as brain-based irrealist views that relocate color qualities or qualia “in the brain” (Averill, Block, Lormand...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 211–249.
Published: 01 April 2020
... are they merely nonnormative explanatory reasons. 31 The fact that this or that consideration is a chess-based reason, or an etiquette-based reason, or an epistemic reason does not seem to be expressible without loss in nonnormative terms. For instance, Kelly (2003) argues that the epistemic support relation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (3): 451–457.
Published: 01 July 2012
.... This book develops a normative theory of analogical argumentation— “The Articulation Model” (24)—which is based on two main principles. The first is “The Requirement of Prior Association: The description of the source domain must include an explicitly stated vertical relation which the analogy is supposed...