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basing relation

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (2): 179–217.
Published: 01 April 2019
...Ram Neta Sometimes, there are reasons for which we believe, intend, resent, decide, and so on: these reasons are the “bases” of the latter, and the explanatory relation between these bases and the latter is what I will call “the basing relation.” What kind of explanatory relation is this...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 251–298.
Published: 01 April 2020
... is based on reasons. Then the author argues that core object representations are based on reasons, through an examination of both experimental results and key markers of the basing relation. The scope of mental states that are subject to epistemic evaluation as justified or unjustified is not...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 353–392.
Published: 01 July 2015
... whether epistemic rules should be understood as normative statements or as imperatives. © 2015 by Cornell University 2015 memory testimony internalism externalism extended mind basing relation rational explanation Is memory merely testimony from one's former self? The short...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (2): 259–263.
Published: 01 April 2010
...Daniel Star Allan Gibbard, Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. viii + 216 pp. © 2010 by Cornell University 2010 BOOK REVIEWS Paolo Crivelli, Aristotle on Truth. New York: Cambridge University Press...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 1–33.
Published: 01 January 2000
... : 343 -69. Williamson, T. 1985 . “Converse Relations.” Philosophical Review 94 : 249 -62. The Philosophical Review, Vol. 109, No. 1 (January 2000) Neutral Relations Kit Fine There is a standard view of relations, held by...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... causal beliefs, and one-boxers to evidential beliefs. The essay notes that a similar issue can arise when the modality in question is chance, rather than causation. In this case, the conflict is between decision rules based on credences guided solely by chances, and rules based on credences guided by...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (1): 1–41.
Published: 01 January 2011
...Mark Schroeder According to a naive view sometimes apparent in the writings of moral philosophers, 'ought' often expresses a relation between agents and actions —the relation that obtains between an agent and an action when that action is what that agent ought to do. It is not part of this naive...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (2): 183–223.
Published: 01 April 2009
... out that one thing bears such an intention-based resemblance relation to another. In section 5, 185 CATHARINE ABELL I build on this epistemic story to provide an exact specification of the resemblance relation such that one object’s...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (1): 93–117.
Published: 01 January 2013
... qualities related to oneself is necessary for modesty. It then offers an attention-based account, claiming that what is necessary for modesty is to direct one’s attention in certain ways. By analyzing modesty in this way, we can best explain the distinct features of modesty, keep much of what is intuitive...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (4): 537–589.
Published: 01 October 2020
...Andrew Bacon In explaining the notion of a fundamental property or relation, metaphysicians will often draw an analogy with languages. The fundamental properties and relations stand to reality as the primitive predicates and relations stand to a language: the smallest set of vocabulary God would...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 421–479.
Published: 01 October 2017
... is dilemma-free, one can show that the reasons structure 〈 N , ⊵ ** 〉 also entails the rightness function R . This establishes that, for a dilemma-free rightness function, reason-based representability with a reflexive weighing relation is no more demanding than reason-based...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (4): 481–532.
Published: 01 October 2015
...Jon Erling Litland Most authors on metaphysical grounding have taken full grounding to be an internal relation in the sense that it's necessary that if the grounds and the grounded both obtain, then the grounds ground the grounded. The negative part of this essay exploits empirical and provably...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (4): 501–532.
Published: 01 October 2009
... a new solution to both problems, setting out from the continuity between Kant's early and mature views on sensibility and mind-world relations. Kant's early writings subscribe to an interactionist cosmology opposed to both Leibniz's preestablished harmony and Malebranche's occasionalism. The modern...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 495–519.
Published: 01 October 2001
... Experience-Based Control) is hostage to empirical fortune. It is a hostage, moreover, whose safety is in serious doubt. Thus Milner and Goodale (1995) argue for a deep and abiding dissociation between the contents of conscious seeing, on the one hand, and the resources used for the online guidance of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 131–171.
Published: 01 April 2014
...Hannes Leitgeb This essay develops a joint theory of rational (all-or-nothing) belief and degrees of belief. The theory is based on three assumptions: the logical closure of rational belief; the axioms of probability for rational degrees of belief; and the so-called Lockean thesis, in which the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 451–472.
Published: 01 October 2016
...Caspar Hare Some moral theories (for example, standard, “ex post” forms of egalitarianism, prioritarianism, and constraint-based deontology) tell you, in some situations in which you are interacting with a group of people, to avoid acting in the way that is expectedly best for everybody. This essay...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 481–524.
Published: 01 October 2008
... commitments. What is really at issue between conventionalists and nonconventionalists is whether the basic moral relation of promissory commitment derives from the moral principles that govern our use of social conventions. Other nonconventionalist accounts make problematic concessions to the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 565–591.
Published: 01 October 2010
... theory of causation is the notion of a real ground or causal power that is non-Humean (since it doesn't reduce to regularities or counterfactual dependencies among events or states) and non-Leibnizean because it doesn't reduce to logical or conceptual relations. However, we raise questions about...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (4): 475–513.
Published: 01 October 2011
... represent subject-environment relations that are relevant to the possibilities for causal interaction between the subject and the environment; relations of the kind that J. J. Gibson dubbed affordances . The essay argues for this view chiefly through an examination of spatial perception, though other cases...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (2): 209–239.
Published: 01 April 2012
...Nomy Arpaly; Timothy Schroeder Theoretical and practical deliberation are voluntary activities, and like all voluntary activities, they are performed for reasons. To hold that all voluntary activities are performed for reasons in virtue of their relations to past, present, or even merely possible...