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baseball

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 586–588.
Published: 01 October 2002
..., Trenton Merricks proposes to eliminate any and all mate- rial objects that lack nonredundant causal powers. The objects found lacking include statues, baseballs, planets, and all other inanimate macroscopica, including the masses and conjunctive objects favored by some other elimina- tivists...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (2): 296–300.
Published: 01 April 2001
... of the principle of maximiz- ing expected utility (PMEU). Suppose Pneeds to decide whether (G) to go to graduate school, and then become a university professor, or (B) to become a professional baseball player' His choice will provide strong evidence about an unknown fact from his past: he knows his father...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (2): 344–349.
Published: 01 April 2023
... conditions that the agent might have no way of knowing obtain, and which might in fact obtain simply by luck. Sosa gives the example of the performance of a baseball fielder in a nighttime game who presupposes that the lighting is working (160). Sosa argues that these background conditions can be non...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2024) 133 (2): 113–149.
Published: 01 April 2024
... of aesthetic valuing. In general, practices generate goods— practice-dependent goods. Some things depend for their existence and their goodness on the practices they are involved in. To take an obvious example, a bat-shaped piece of hardwood is a baseball bat only if there is a practice of playing...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 595–598.
Published: 01 October 2000
... welfare to be affected” (48 Consider Bernstein’s ex- ample of John, who had desired that the Yankees win the World Series before he left the country and promptly forgot about baseball entirely (48- 49). Bernstein argues that the desire theory is undermined by the implau- sibility of holding...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (3): 463–467.
Published: 01 July 2021
... and appropriate depends on the conversational score, à la David Lewis (1983). Just as the score of a baseball game depends on the moves made by the players, the conversational score depends on the moves made by interlocutors. If you have been telling me about the state of your roof and I suddenly interject...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (3): 341–348.
Published: 01 July 2019
... that occurs in the medium. . . . Events like the collision of the baseball with the bat in a surrounding medium are audible because they include sounds as features” (169). (Chapter 5 also argues that sounds are features or parts of such events, but because chapter 5 emphasizes the specifically “audible...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (1): 35–82.
Published: 01 January 2016
... not count him as having the relevant know-how. Third, we might have variation in how reliably successful one has to be to count as having know-how. It seems plausible both that Babe Ruth knew how to hit a home run in baseball and that Lionel Messi knows how to score a penalty in soccer. But there is a major...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 251–280.
Published: 01 July 2014
... to take here, and the one that I accept, is that it is sufficient to justify love that its object is another human being. It would be a mistake to love a baseball card more than I love my child, but there is no one it is irrational to love. 20 Any one of us would be justified in loving any other...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (3): 345–383.
Published: 01 July 2017
... and awareness. A coach may know much more than his or her baseball player about closing, may even have much more evidence and confidence about the effectiveness of certain strategies for closing, and still fail to know how to close as well as the player. More generally, as observed by David Wiggins (2012, 121...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (2): 293–302.
Published: 01 April 2004
... RECEIVED Baseball and Philosophy. Popular Culture and Philosophy, vol. 6. By Eric Bron- son, editor. La Salle: Open Court Publishing Co., 2004. Pp. xiii, 350. Las Ambiguedades del Placer: Ensayo Sobre el Placer en la Filosofia de Platon. Interna- tional Plato Studies, vol. 17. By Francisco Brown...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (1): 1–34.
Published: 01 January 2016
... about change in virtue of its motion. A fast-moving baseball, for example, will have more living force than a slow-moving baseball (all other things being equal, of course). The second is what Leibniz terms “dead force” or vis mortua . A body's dead force is perhaps best thought of as a tendency...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 577–617.
Published: 01 October 2013
... to the American League, baseball's two major leagues would be equinumerous. In (17), the constituent containing the indicative mood phrase ‘lives in Paris’ that can take wide scope is ‘every person who lives in Paris’. The proposed analysis of (17) would therefore be (17a): (17a) Every person who lives...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (4): 433–468.
Published: 01 October 2005
...- erty of the body at t0. So on the reductive view, what does it take in order for a baseball’s instantaneous velocity upon leaving a pitcher’s hand to serve as an ini- tial condition in a causal explanation of the ball’s trajectory over the course of the succeeding ⌬t, during which it travels...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (1): 93–117.
Published: 01 January 2013
... not care about sports will be unlikely to attend to the baseball game showing on a TV in a bar. A philosopher who cares little about fashion can wear a shirt inside out without noticing. Sean’s and Frank’s inattention to their own good qualities is not an instance of modesty if it is the result...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (2): 157–185.
Published: 01 April 2007
...; or “Out!” said by the boss, when she fi res me?20 Verdictives track an independent truth; exercitives create a truth. For exercitives, saying so makes it so. For verdictives, saying so doesn’t make it so—notwith- standing a baseball umpire’s famous claim that “it ain’t out till I call...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 341–371.
Published: 01 July 2002
... as its antecedent, as expressing R; but it takes an NP comple- ment, which triggers the elided verb’s expressing a relation other than R. Thus, the sentence is very awkward. Presumably, the awkwardness of ‘Bert threw a party and Tom a baseball’ has a similar explanation. By contrast, in (24...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 211–249.
Published: 01 April 2020
... expression in Rawls's “Two Concepts of Rules.” The question of which rules of baseball are operative, for instance, is presumably subject to practical revision. But in the middle of a game, if the batter asked for a fourth strike, “this would be most kindly taken as a joke” ( 1955 : 26). Once...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (1): 43–87.
Published: 01 January 2023
... consider the fact that the Chicago Cubs won the World Series in 2016. This proposition is never the entire history of the world at any point in time. Ch 0 is unaware of how the 2016 baseball season went. And Ch t for any t after November 2, 2016, knows that the Cubs won but also...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 423–462.
Published: 01 October 2019
... of actions through their rules. Taking a piece in chess and stealing a base in baseball are new sorts of actions that arise only within the context of particular rule sets. One might be tempted to say, at this point, that the artistic medium of games is rules. And perhaps this is right—or it might...