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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (2): 179–217.
Published: 01 April 2019
...Ram Neta Sometimes, there are reasons for which we believe, intend, resent, decide, and so on: these reasons are the “bases” of the latter, and the explanatory relation between these bases and the latter is what I will call “the basing relation.” What kind of explanatory relation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (2): 259–263.
Published: 01 April 2010
...Daniel Star Allan Gibbard, Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. viii + 216 pp. © 2010 by Cornell University 2010 BOOK REVIEWS Paolo Crivelli, Aristotle on Truth. New York: Cambridge University Press...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 421–479.
Published: 01 October 2017
...Franz Dietrich; Christian List This essay presents a new “reason-based” approach to the formal representation of moral theories, drawing on recent decision-theoretic work. It shows that any moral theory within a very large class can be represented in terms of two parameters: (i) a specification...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 251–298.
Published: 01 April 2020
..., the author argues that core object representations have epistemic statuses like beliefs do, despite their many prototypically perceptual features. First, the author argues that it is a sufficient condition on a mental state's having an epistemic status as justified or unjustified that the state is based...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... to causal beliefs, and one-boxers to evidential beliefs. The essay notes that a similar issue can arise when the modality in question is chance, rather than causation. In this case, the conflict is between decision rules based on credences guided solely by chances, and rules based on credences guided...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 451–472.
Published: 01 October 2016
...Caspar Hare Some moral theories (for example, standard, “ex post” forms of egalitarianism, prioritarianism, and constraint-based deontology) tell you, in some situations in which you are interacting with a group of people, to avoid acting in the way that is expectedly best for everybody. This essay...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 131–171.
Published: 01 April 2014
...Hannes Leitgeb This essay develops a joint theory of rational (all-or-nothing) belief and degrees of belief. The theory is based on three assumptions: the logical closure of rational belief; the axioms of probability for rational degrees of belief; and the so-called Lockean thesis, in which...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 495–519.
Published: 01 October 2001
... of Experience-Based Control) is hostage to empirical fortune. It is a hostage, moreover, whose safety is in serious doubt. Thus Milner and Goodale (1995) argue for a deep and abiding dissociation between the contents of conscious seeing, on the one hand, and the resources used for the online guidance...
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Published: 01 July 2023
Figure 5. (Color online.) Top: Correlation between P ( Find | Flaw ) and the expected accuracy of scrutiny. Bottom: Rates of selective scrutiny based on expected accuracy ( y -axis) grow as the average gap in P ( Find | Flaw ) between incongruent and congruent studies More
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 97–143.
Published: 01 January 2021
...Peter van Elswyk A speaker's use of a declarative sentence in a context has two effects: it expresses a proposition and represents the speaker as knowing that proposition. This article is about how to explain the second effect. The standard explanation is act-based. A speaker is represented...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 295–325.
Published: 01 July 2022
...Chunghyoung Lee Many people believe that human beings begin to exist with the emergence of the 1-cell zygote at fertilization. I present a novel argument against this belief, one based on recently discovered facts about human embryo development. I first argue that a human zygote is developmentally...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (4): 379–428.
Published: 01 October 2014
...J. Robert G. Williams Revisionary theories of logic or truth require revisionary theories of mind. This essay outlines nonclassically based theories of rational belief, desire, and decision making, singling out the supervaluational family for special attention. To see these nonclassical theories...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (4): 533–569.
Published: 01 October 2015
...Jonathan Cottrell This essay gives a new interpretation of Hume's second thoughts about minds in the Appendix, based on a new interpretation of his view of composition. In Book 1 of the Treatise , Hume argued that, as far as we can conceive it, a mind is a whole composed by all its perceptions...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 159–210.
Published: 01 April 2020
...—and in an initial way, the political ones as well—of proclaiming a preference, or consent based on it, nonautonomous in this way.  2. The failure I attribute to Mill is not the conclusion he reaches—whether the state should intervene in such cases is a very tricky question, and nothing here seems obvious to me...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (1): 1–43.
Published: 01 January 2013
... diagnosis of probabilistic analogues of Gettier cases. Just like propositional knowledge, probabilistic knowledge is factive, safe, and sensitive. And it helps us build knowledge-based norms of action without accepting implausible semantic assumptions or endorsing the claim that knowledge is interest...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (1): 93–117.
Published: 01 January 2013
... qualities related to oneself is necessary for modesty. It then offers an attention-based account, claiming that what is necessary for modesty is to direct one’s attention in certain ways. By analyzing modesty in this way, we can best explain the distinct features of modesty, keep much of what is intuitive...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (4): 465–500.
Published: 01 October 2009
... Darwall's example of motivationally potent reasoning that is not based on preexisting desires, Thomas Scanlon's criticism that the Humean theory fails to account for the structure and phenomenology of deliberation, and the phenomenon of akrasia as discussed by John Searle. In each case a Humean account...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (2): 183–223.
Published: 01 April 2009
... resemblance account, drawing on Grice's account of nonnatural meaning and its role in determining sentence meaning to argue that something depicts an object if it bears intention-based resemblances to the object that jointly capture its overall appearance. In addition to solving the metaphysical problem...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 616–618.
Published: 01 October 2002
... of their motivation. Moreover, these prior facts about motives are funda- mental—not to be explained in terms of anything else. In the terminology of Slote’s book, his moral theory is not only agent-prior but agent-based (6). Slote’s arguments for this view are somewhat indirect. He protests that com- monsense...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 497–529.
Published: 01 October 2010
.... Hawthorne, John. 2004 . Knowledge and Lotteries . Oxford: Oxford University Press. ———. 2005 . “The Case for Closure.” In Contemporary Debates in Epistemology , ed. Matthias Steup and Ernest Sosa, 26 –42. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Korcz, Keith Allen. 2000 . “The Causal-Doxastic Theory of the Basing...