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atom

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (4): 579–627.
Published: 01 October 2023
... semantics of familiar sign systems, both for atomic first-order representations, like words, pixel colors, and dials, and for complex second-order representations, like sentences, diagrams, and pictures. gabriel.greenberg@gmail.com © 2023 by Cornell University 2023 iconic symbolic sign...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 586–588.
Published: 01 October 2002
.... Merricks doesn’t assume that there are physical simples. But he does assume that there is at least one level of microscopica, and he uses ‘atoms’ as a convenient term for the microscopica of some unspecified level. As regards organisms that lack consciousness, Merricks is agnostic. Where we...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (1): 89–100.
Published: 01 January 2004
... minimal portions of extant carbon, that is, the sum of all carbon atoms. Identifying the totality of carbon with the sum of all car- bon atoms comports with the following appealing line of reasoning: if some carbon that exists today did not exist a century ago, then some carbon atom that exists today...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (2): 273–277.
Published: 01 April 2018
... that the world is the totality of facts, not of things. The core of the project involves two stages. In the first, the author develops a metaphysical picture that rests on four main assumptions: ultimately facts are all there is; they are the correlates of atomic predications; they are structureless...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (3): 367–371.
Published: 01 July 2019
... the contrastivist and noncontrastivist views on equal terms here. When he raises the problem for the noncontrastivist view, he sets that view the task of finding some individual atomic fact (such as ‘invitation B is for burgers’) that on its own constitutes a reason to accept invitation B. However, when he explains...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 532–535.
Published: 01 October 2017
... the testimony of the Tractatus itself. This happens most notably in connection with the question of the unity of the atomic fact. In 1913 Russell maintains that the work of unifying the constituents of an atomic fact is performed by one of those very constituents, namely, by the relation that unites the terms...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 558–561.
Published: 01 October 2017
..., that there are no whales. (In another much-discussed example, Dalton defined ‘atom’ in terms of indivisibility.) Suppose it seems to us now that the concept of agency is the concept of a kind of closing off of a previously open future. Might it turn out that the concept of agency was not so rigid as to force us...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (1): 31–76.
Published: 01 January 2010
....” In The Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics , ed. Richard Gale, 151 -74. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Royce, Josiah. 1900 . The World and the Individual . New York: Macmillan. ____. 1967 . The Spirit of Modern Philosophy . New York: W. W. Norton. Russell, Bertrand. 1985 . “The Philosophy of Logical Atomism...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (1): 145–149.
Published: 01 January 2018
..., if there are atoms arranged cupwise, apply the term “cup”; if there are atoms arranged tablewise, do not apply the term “cup.” Application conditions need not be descriptive and may involve deference to experts and to the world (90–94). Coapplication conditions tell us the conditions under which we can reapply...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (1): 101–105.
Published: 01 January 2002
... Brunschwig (introduction, Pyrrho, and the Cyrenaics), Elizabeth Asmis (Epicureans), Michael Frede (Stoics), and Malcolm Schofield (Academics). Brunschwig suggests that Metrodorus’s skep- ticism applied to ordinary experience rather than to the atomic theory, and connects his statement that “all things...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (2): 321–326.
Published: 01 April 2011
... or must do—as to theoretical decision—to being undecided as to what one may or must believe. Schroeder’s own account is worked out clearly and in detail. His leading idea is that prima facie it’s easy to give an expressivist account of a language in which all the atomic sentences—and therefore...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (2): 326–329.
Published: 01 April 2011
... or must do—as to theoretical decision—to being undecided as to what one may or must believe. Schroeder’s own account is worked out clearly and in detail. His leading idea is that prima facie it’s easy to give an expressivist account of a language in which all the atomic sentences—and therefore...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (1): 136–138.
Published: 01 January 2005
.... Such quantification can be technically formulated in an unproblematic way, and this is our second way in which it makes sense. On this way it can be under- stood as based on a simple modification of the usual first-order languages. To do this generally, allow terms including variables to be atomic formulas...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (2): 139–168.
Published: 01 April 2006
... concept is his? To begin with, NN ’s concept, like my phenomenal concept pain, is plausibly viewed as atomic. This needs a little explanation. One way to explain the notion of an atomic concept is via the language-of-thought view. On this view of concepts, a concept is a mentalese symbol...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 589–594.
Published: 01 October 2002
... atomic element. This generic kind in turn has as one of its species the infimic kind helium. This is an infimic kind because it has no species; there is only one kind of helium atom. Particular helium atoms existing in time and space are instances or members of all of these substance natural kinds...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 555–606.
Published: 01 October 2008
... set of atomic sentences and the claims they represent. From the point of view of the model, atomic sentences are primitives with no internal structure. The modeling language is the set containing the atomic sen- tences and any sentences that can be formed...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 627–632.
Published: 01 October 2000
... things, and not just with snake oil. He serves up plenty of clever barbs, potshots, and one-liners, not to mention argu- ments, to promote his “informational atomism.” It states that there is a large class of concepts, namely lexical concepts, that are ontologically and semantically primitive...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (1): 138–141.
Published: 01 January 2001
... Atomism.” Reprinted in his Logic and Knowledge, ed. Robert Marsh, 175 -281. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1956 . ____. 1924 . “Logical Atomism.” Reprinted in Logic and Knowledge, 323 -43. ____. 1984 . Theory of Knowledge: The 1913 Manuscript. Ed. Elisabeth R. Eames. London: Routledge...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (2): 288–292.
Published: 01 April 2004
...-style error theory (denying that atomic sentences of the discourse are ever true). An antirealist should agree with the realist that true statements can be made within the discourse, includ- ing by utterances of atomic sentences. She should disagree with the realist only about what truth...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 606–608.
Published: 01 October 2001
.... It should also be noted that Hegel’s elaborate discussion of “infinity,” in his Science of Logic, is in one respect a discussion of freedom. “Atomism” is introduced as resulting from a “collapse” of true infinity (Hegel’s Science of Logic, trans. A. V. Miller (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press...