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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Samuel Cumming Variabilism is the view that proper names (like pronouns) are semantically represented as variables. Referential names, like referential pronouns, are assigned their referents by a contextual variable assignment (Kaplan 1989). The reference parameter (like the world of evaluation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (3): 385–443.
Published: 01 July 2008
... allows one to set forth an assignment of truth-conditions to arithmetical sentences whereby nothing is required of the world in order for the truth-conditions of a truth of pure arithmetic to be satisfied. The essay then argues that such an assignment can be used to account for the a priori knowability...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 131–171.
Published: 01 April 2014
... equivalent to the assignment of a stably high rational degree of belief. Although the logical closure of belief and the Lockean thesis are attractive postulates in themselves, initially this may seem like a formal “curiosity”; however, as will be argued in the rest of the essay, a very reasonable theory of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (3): 325–349.
Published: 01 July 2009
...Anthony S. Gillies What we want to be true about ordinary indicative conditionals seems to be more than we can possibly get: there just seems to be no good way to assign truth-conditions to ordinary indicative conditionals. Some take this argument as reason to make our wantings more modest. Others...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 147–190.
Published: 01 April 2017
...Daniel Sutherland Despite the importance of Kant's claims about mathematical cognition for his philosophy as a whole and for subsequent philosophy of mathematics, there is still no consensus on his philosophy of arithmetic, and in particular the role he assigns intuition in it. This inquiry sets...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (4): 415–448.
Published: 01 October 2006
...Nathan Salmon Cornell University 2006 A Theory of Bondage Nathan Salmon University of California, Santa Barbara I. Let A be an assignment of values to variables on which Marlon Brando is the value of ‘x ’ and Shirley...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (3): 359–406.
Published: 01 July 2012
... with an account of the assertability of these conditionals. The puzzle resurfaces at this level. Jackson (1987), for example, claims that an indicative con- ditional is assertable just in case the speaker assigns a high credence to the consequent, conditional on the antecedent. So, in our scenario...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 302–308.
Published: 01 April 2020
...,” get assigned to different systems. Quantum nonlocality (also called “spooky action at a distance”) describes the phenomenon that events that are arbitrarily far apart can influence one another and the strength of the influence does not depend on their distance. Quantum nonlocality is a strange...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 577–617.
Published: 01 October 2013
... is semantically vacuous. But one could also design one's compositional semantics so that ordinary indicative sentences with no modals are true at any world if and only if they are true at the actual world while assigning the subjunctive the meaning of Humberstone's S operator, or while dividing...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 99–117.
Published: 01 January 2008
... conditions, which were just mentioned, wrong. More generally, no ver- sion of DRCD semantics assigns to 5 these intuitive truth conditions.9 This suffices to show that DRCD is at least incomplete: its account ofthe 7. Actually, I pointed out that there were uses, occurrences of complex demon...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (3): 411–422.
Published: 01 July 2000
....’ She offers ex- amples that appear to show that the moral significance of prom- ising can be nefariously exploited. Her leading example is this: Nepotism Dean Baker is able to fund just one adjunct faculty position. Baker knows that if she assigns the position to the Classics de...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 497–537.
Published: 01 October 2002
... neither does the mere indexical have a linguistic meaning that assigns it such senses with respect to contexts of use. It is very much in keeping with the spirit of Fregean semantic theory to ascribe linguistic meaning to supplemented expressions. But the same indexical differently supplemented yields...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 139–144.
Published: 01 January 2020
... containment: an agent's probability space satisfies this content iff it is contained in the set of all probability spaces that assign .4 to the proposition that it will rain. Uptake goes by simple intersection: perceptual content, for example, is intersected with one's probability space or representor...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (2): 254–258.
Published: 01 April 2003
... function can generate part-whole semantic relations that no genuinely compositional language ought to display. Szabó gives the example of a language LЈ that is derived from a compositional fragment L of English by swapping the meanings assigned to ‘Elephants are grey’ and ‘Julius Caesar was murdered on...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (3): 361–399.
Published: 01 July 2007
... interpretationist. 5. Though we shall often talk about extensional semantic properties such as refer- ence, the account is intended to generalize to a broad class of representational proper- ties of language. For example, what possible-world intension a word is assigned will be fi xed in parallel fashion...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (3): 307–339.
Published: 01 July 2016
... is empty. You have a certain fixed assignment of a value V  ( w ) to each possible world w . (For simplicity, let V  ( w ) be a number.) The subjective value for S of the proposition A is the average value of the worlds that are in both S and A . 21 You can be in doubt about your own...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 555–606.
Published: 01 October 2008
... framework aims to determine what rational requirements these evolving sets of certainties impose on the agent’s nonextreme degrees of belief. While our stories will often involve agents’ assigning certainty to empirical propositions, this is not because I think...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 1–33.
Published: 01 January 2000
... differential application is lost. Thus, exemplification, properly understood, cannot $imply be taken to hold between a relation and its various relata. To indicate the manner in which the relation is to apply to its relata, we must make clear how the relata are to be assigned to the respective...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 539–571.
Published: 01 October 2012
... permissible semantic values. If we let the semantic value assigned to sentence A at a world w be denoted by vw (A), then the core of the orthodoxy can be given by two propositions: (1a) Bivalence: v w (A) [ {0,1} (1b) Boolean Composition: v w ðA ^ BÞ¼v wðAÞ £ v w ðBÞ...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (1): 27–56.
Published: 01 January 2003
...- 28 WAGING WAR ON PASCAL’S WAGER thing.” So according to Pascal, nothing could be better for you than your salvation. There is simply nothing more to be had.5 Some critics question Pascal’s assumption that a rational agent should assign positive probability to God’s existence...