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arbitrary

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (3): 471–474.
Published: 01 July 2021
...Ethan Brauer This leads to Horsten’s account of mathematical structures, which in a nutshell is that mathematical structures are generic systems. This intriguing idea is motivated by the similarities between structures and arbitrary systems. A structure can be realized or instantiated by many...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 623–626.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Cyrus Panjvani Michael N. Forster, Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar . Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004. xiii + 247 pp. © 2008 by Cornell University 2008 xxx prjuly2008-04 October 21, 2008 11:39 BOOK REVIEWS...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (3): 471–473.
Published: 01 July 2007
..., Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004. xiii + 247 pp. When Wittgenstein dismantled the philosophy he had set out in the Tracta- tus, perhaps the greatest casualty was the idea that the structure of any pos- sible language refl ects the metaphysical...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (1): 1–49.
Published: 01 January 2022
... to an untraceable arbitrariness absent in any other fundamental laws. However, the dilemma between fundamental nomic vagueness and untraceable arbitrariness is dissolved in a new quantum theory of time’s arrow. eddykemingchen@ucsd.edu © 2022 by Cornell University 2022 vagueness exactness...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 423–462.
Published: 01 October 2019
...C. Thi Nguyen Games may seem like a waste of time, where we struggle under artificial rules for arbitrary goals. The author suggests that the rules and goals of games are not arbitrary at all. They are a way of specifying particular modes of agency. This is what make games a distinctive art form...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (1): 163–167.
Published: 01 January 2015
... of consciousness is quite different from this: “We assume that scientists are not making an arbitrary choice when they decide between different neural correlates” (300). I suspect that Prinz should take more seriously a similarly deflationary attitude toward questions about the essence of consciousness. Imagine...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (2): 169–206.
Published: 01 April 2015
... to pick the one with the brightest shirt, this does not necessarily mean that I treat the color of people's shirts as a reason. I think it may be just like the case in which I fix an arbitrary criterion (see above), only that I allow my bias to fix the criterion for me. Take this trivial analogy: I need...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (2): 323–326.
Published: 01 April 2002
... on the arbitrary will of others. The “general will” frees us from this by embodying itself in institu- tions such as the rule of law; it does not so much grant us independence as it provides for a kind of restructured dependence in which we are no longer dependent on the arbitrary will of others but only...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 247–250.
Published: 01 April 2014
... that conventional rules are arbitrary in that other rules would be possible as well. Second, the reason for an agent to follow the convention is that most or enough others follow it as well. The reasons for an agent to comply, then, are compliance dependent (8). In the remainder of the book, Marmor often equates...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (2): 169–198.
Published: 01 April 2006
... in criti- cally refl ecting on and evaluating (all of) my desires. Hedonistic reduc- tions fare no better because pleasures, pains, and the like still seem— absent any further story, at least—arbitrary from a normative point of view, the only point of view relevant when my autonomous agency is fully...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 281–338.
Published: 01 July 2014
... resource for proponents of the patchwork model. However, the situation becomes more complicated when we turn to the worry that drives the arbitrary-boundaries argument—the worry that no principled answer can be given to the question why the modal and temporal boundaries between semantically homogeneous...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (2): 241–245.
Published: 01 April 2019
.... And this assumption itself does not strike me as more intuitive than various alternatives, for example, that the rules and regulations of the court are among its parts. One of the most forceful and persisting objections to conservatism is that it is too arbitrary. Conservatives countenance islands but not incars...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 489–495.
Published: 01 July 2020
... that includes a world and selection function: 〚 A 〛 w,s  = 1 if and only if A is true relative to w, s . Schulz defines an epsilon operator ε , which maps a set of things to the s -selected object from that set (representing an arbitrary choice from the set): 〚 ε xφ  ( x )〛 s , w  =  s ({ x...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (2): 197–224.
Published: 01 April 2018
..., 273–74 ; see also Enoch 2007, 35–41 ). If our choices determine what is good, then we have no criteria by which to choose (in nonmoral cases), so our choices must ultimately be arbitrary. But that seems false to our experience of choice, which frequently involves trying to make the right choice...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (4): 579–627.
Published: 01 October 2023
... include dials, diagrams, maps, pictures, three-dimensional models, and depictive gestures. 1 There is something arbitrary and stipulative about symbolic representation, and something natural and mimetic about iconic representation. It is in this sense that the Latin word arbor seems to bear a merely...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2024) 133 (2): 206–211.
Published: 01 April 2024
... that it can intelligibly begin with externally dictated ends: this is arbitrary and heteronomous . One can terminate the regress of practical reasoning autonomously only if there are ends that one can necessarily will autonomously. There will be, if some ends are constitutive of practical reason. Here...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (2): 278–280.
Published: 01 April 2001
... of commitments as desires is that doing so introduces an element of arbitrariness that undermines self-under- standing, there is also reason to worry about whether commitment is the psycho- logical phenomenon he needs. For one might well think that one thing that is dis- tinctive of (many central cases...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (3): 457–459.
Published: 01 July 2001
... not, that is, come to see how its use would extend the practice in which it would play a part (124). Does this Wittgensteinian account introduce an element of arbitrariness into grammar? This worry arises only against the background of an assumption that somethingthe nature of the colors themselves?-must...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 573–575.
Published: 01 October 2002
... are deviations. (Boys-Stones corrects the established view of Justin’s attitude to pagan wisdom, at 184–-88. The interpretation of Stoic “sem- inal reason” as having epistemological implications may not be as arbitrary as 184 n.10 perhaps suggests?) Platonists claimed that Plato gave the fullest expression...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 537–540.
Published: 01 October 2019
.... It refers to the exercise of a specific type of power over employees: power that is arbitrary, hierarchical, and unaccountable. Most people in most places suffer it. In her book, Anderson delivers an insightful analysis of the origins, nature, and morality of this form of domination in the modern workplace...