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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 53–94.
Published: 01 January 2020
... to favor a DESCRIPTIVIST view over a MILLIAN view, but the author then introduces an alternative view of names that not only provides a simple and elegant way of dealing with the data, but also retains rigidity without becoming subject to the problems raised by Frege's puzzle. This is the view that names...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 211–249.
Published: 01 April 2020
...Barry Maguire; Jack Woods It is plausible that there is a distinctively epistemic standard of correctness for belief. It is also plausible that there is a range of practical reasons bearing on belief. These theses are often thought to be in tension with each other. To resolve the tension...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (1): 1–41.
Published: 01 January 2011
... view that 'ought' always expresses this relation—adherents of the naive view are happy to allow that 'ought' also has an evaluative sense, on which it means, roughly, that were things ideal, some proposition would be the case. What is important to the naive view is that there is also a deliberative...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 539–571.
Published: 01 October 2012
... of a conditional is independent of any proposition inconsistent with its antecedent. But they also point to something important, namely, that our uncertainty about conditionals is not confined to uncertainty about the facts (what the actual world is like) but also expresses uncertainty about the counterfacts (what...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 99–117.
Published: 01 January 2008
... skis off' are complex demonstratives. There are also plural complex demonstratives such as `these skis' and `those snowboarders smoking by the gondola'. My book Complex Demonstratives: A Quantificational Account argues against what I call the direct reference account of complex demonstratives...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (2): 183–223.
Published: 01 April 2009
... of what it is for something to depict an object, this account also sheds significant light on the epistemological issue of how we are able to work out that something depicts an object. This essay argues that our ability to work out that something depicts an object results from both our more general...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (4): 537–589.
Published: 01 October 2020
... need in order to write the “book of the world.” This paper attempts to make good on this metaphor. To that end, a modality is introduced that, put informally, stands to propositions as logical truth stands to sentences. The resulting theory, formulated in higher-order logic, also vindicates the Humean...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (4): 533–581.
Published: 01 October 2021
.... In this paper, I argue that they also shed light on the theory of truth. In particular, I argue that the notion of ground can be deployed to clearly articulate one strand of deflationary thinking about truth, according to which truth is “metaphysically lightweight.” I offer a ground-theoretic explication...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (3): 459–490.
Published: 01 July 2023
... declarative . While the actions of a perfectly good will would be described by the categorical declarative alone, human action is determined not only by the causality of the will but also by competing causes—namely, those stemming from inclination. There is thus need for a causal test for putative maxims...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 421–479.
Published: 01 October 2017
..., and between theories with a teleological structure and those without. Reason-based representations also shed light on an important but underappreciated phenomenon: the “underdetermination of moral theory by deontic content.” The consequentialist theory that mandates minimizing the number of deaths can...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (2): 197–224.
Published: 01 April 2018
... that critics have raised. I also show how the argument fails because, at a crucial point, it begs the question in favor of the value of humanity. It thus fails for internal reasons that do not depend on rejecting Korsgaard's metaethical constructivism or her conception of rational agency. © 2018 by Cornell...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (4): 533–569.
Published: 01 October 2015
.... But—this essay argues—he also held that several perceptions form a whole only if the mind to which they belong supplies a “connexion” among them. In order to do so, it must contain a further perception or perceptions. But when the perceptions in question are all of those belonging to a given mind...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (3): 307–339.
Published: 01 July 2016
... assumptions than they really need. When we strip these arguments down to a minimal core, we can see both how certain replies miss the mark, and also how to devise parallel arguments for other domains, including epistemic “might,” probability claims, claims about comparative value, and so on. A popular reply...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (2): 205–239.
Published: 01 April 2016
... to solving both problems is Locke's claim that simple ideas are all real, adequate, and true. This explains why, on Locke's view, we have certain knowledge through the senses. It also explains how sensitive knowledge can consist in perceiving an agreement between ideas: perceived agreements among simple...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 433–485.
Published: 01 October 2018
... theory and a dynamic system of contingent identity. I then consider a variant on the initial puzzle that helps us to choose between the two theories. The variant also sheds light on how the phenomenon discussed in this essay relates to Frege's Puzzle about attitude ascriptions. © 2018 by Cornell...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (1): 1–61.
Published: 01 January 2019
... argue against this consensus. I adduce a variety of data that I argue can best be accounted for if we treat Wittgenstein sentences as being classically inconsistent. This creates a puzzle, since there is decisive reason to think that ⌜Might p⌝ is consistent with ⌜Not p⌝. How can it also be that ⌜Might p...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 423–462.
Published: 01 October 2019
... of the experience of pursuing them. Game play shows that our agency is significantly more modular and more fluid than we might have thought. It also demonstrates our capacity to take on an inverted motivational structure. Sometimes we can take on an end for the sake of the activity of pursuing that end. games...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (2): 247–283.
Published: 01 April 2011
... employ in logic, mathematics, and the sciences can be fully captured in English, there is also reason to think that the threat can be averted. © 2011 by Cornell University 2011 Earlier versions of the article were presented at a Rutgers Semantics Workshop, at Arché in St. Andrews...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (4): 475–513.
Published: 01 October 2011
... are also considered. The view assumes that a phenomenal character has an essential functional role; though it need not be assumed that a functional role is sufficient for a phenomenal character. © 2011 by Cornell University 2011 I would like to thank Derek Ball and three anonymous referees...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (1): 55–93.
Published: 01 January 2012
...Matthew Kotzen This essay addresses the question of when evidence for a stronger claim H1 also constitutes evidence for a weaker claim H2. Although the answer “Always” is tempting, it is false on a natural Bayesian conception of evidence. This essay first describes some prima facie counterexamples...