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actual causation

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 639–641.
Published: 01 October 2001
...- tion—causation—that is the target of philosophical inquiry. In Causality, one finds definitions of causal effect, causal relevance, total effect, direct effect, actual cause, contributing cause, and so on: the ‘Causality’ of Pearl’s title does not name some specific relation, but rather an entire...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 45–96.
Published: 01 January 2021
... structural equations token causation actual causation counterfactuals References Andreas, Holger, and Mario Günther. 2018. “A Ramsey Test Analysis of Causation for Causal Models.” British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. Published ahead of print, December 10. doi.org/10.1093/bjps/axy074...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 371–398.
Published: 01 July 2018
... linearly on two salient quantities: p * (E|C) and p * (¬E|¬C). They express the probability that C is sufficient for E and the probability that C is necessary for E (see also Pearl 2000 ). η d shares this property with Icard, Kominsky, and Knobe's (2017) measure of actual causation...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (4): 495–532.
Published: 01 October 2007
.... I take the term ‘token causation’ to be fairly standard; ‘singular causation’ and ‘actual causation’ are also fairly common; just plain ‘causation’ is doubt- less the most common term of all. By using ‘token causation’ rather than ‘causation’ simpliciter, I deliberately suggest...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 550–554.
Published: 01 October 2018
... not give the particular details of the “actual sequence” in question. Carolina Sartorio fruitfully enters the debate at this juncture. In Causation and Free Will , Sartorio uses the metaphysics of causation in the service of fleshing out an actual sequence view of free will, with extremely significant...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (4): 614–619.
Published: 01 October 2021
...Lei Zhong leizhong@cuhk.edu.hk Kroedel Thomas , Mental Causation: A Counterfactual Theory . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 2020 x + 224 pp. © 2021 by Cornell University 2021 In this book, Thomas Kroedel develops a novel account of mental causation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (3): 327–358.
Published: 01 July 2005
... flowers caused my flowers to wilt. Second, absence causation is theoretically problematic. What exactly do negative nominals such as ‘the gardener’s not watering my flowers’ denote? There are three main options: (i) a nonactual event: a merely possible event of a watering; (ii) an actual fact...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (2): 189–214.
Published: 01 April 2013
.... Counterfactual dependence is the relation that obtains between two actual events X and Y just in case, if X hadn’t occurred, Y wouldn’t have occurred (in that case we say that Y counterfactually depends on X). The starting point of a counterfactual theory of causation is the obser- vation that, at least...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (1): 1–50.
Published: 01 January 2006
... actuality or at least as 12 Sensitive and Insensitive Causation less appropriate for the assessment of sensitivity.7 In the nose-scratching case, at least part of the reason why we regard the causation as sensitive is that the bottle shattering...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (3): 361–396.
Published: 01 July 2001
.... Oxford: Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press. Collins, J., N. Hall, and L. Paul, eds. Forthcoming. Causation and Counterfactuals. Cambridge: MIT Press. Dowe, P. 1999 . “The Conserved Quantity Theory of Causation and Chance Raising.” Philosophy of Science 66 (Proceedings): S486 -S501...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (2): 203–248.
Published: 01 April 2004
... of creaturely causation actually has an advantage in accounting for these passages expressing spontaneity.56 As the fourth quote (from L, 599) states, Leibniz claims that the action proper to the soul is perception. How are we to understand this claim that perception is the proper action of a creature...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (3): 419–422.
Published: 01 July 2003
...David Robb Douglas Ehring, Causation and Persistence: A Theory of Causation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Pp. x, 191. Cornell University 2003 BOOK REVIEWS animalist has nothing to say about the second issue but offers a theory of the first...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... that the rewards were reserved for the irrational.” I am not sure whether anyone actually thumps the table to this dialectical end in the case of chance. But many people, including Lewis, staunchly defend what I take to be its analogue in the case of causation: that is, orthodox two-boxing. The full set...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (1): 136–140.
Published: 01 January 2017
... study of the aspects of reality, such as kindhood, lawhood, causal power, and causation, which impose order on the world and make our scientific disciplines possible . . . and also the study of the metaphysical relationship between the various scientific disciplines” (14). The editors explicitly rule...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (1): 79–103.
Published: 01 January 2006
... that involves actually making a difference. Downward causation that made a difference would be nonredundant causation. It would do something that wasn’t already going to happen anyway. So the mental would have to be able to violate the laws of phys- ics, or the laws of physics would have to be different...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (2): 241–286.
Published: 01 April 2016
...Cian Dorr This essay considers how counterfactuals should be evaluated on the assumption that determinism is true. It argues against Lewis's influential view that if anything had happened that did not actually happen, the actual laws of nature would have been false, and defends the competing view...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (3): 469–472.
Published: 01 July 2001
.... The first part of this wide-ranging and insightful book sets up and diagnoses the problem with action theory, the second part introduces dynamical systems theory and shows how its associated notions of causation can be applied to human action, and the third part introduces a new model...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 205–229.
Published: 01 April 2014
... counterfactuals can yield an appropriate notion of causal redundancy and argues for a negative answer. Second, it examines how this issue bears on the mental causation debate. In particular, it considers the argument that the overdetermination problem simply does not arise on a dependency conception of causation...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 565–591.
Published: 01 October 2010
... they develop Kant’s account, and in their awareness of the relevant contemporary literature. According to Watkins, the core idea in Kant’s mature concept of causation is actually a holdover from the pre-Critical period. It is the notion of a real ground or causal power that is non-Humean...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (4): 545–547.
Published: 01 October 2005
.... Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. Pp. vi, 410. Making Things Happen offers a detailed exposition and defense of a “manipu- lationist” account of causation and scientific explanation. The book unifies and expands upon themes of Woodward’s that have been scattered among a number of journal...