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absence

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 279–322.
Published: 01 July 2018
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 602–604.
Published: 01 October 2002
...John P. Burgess Hartry Field, Truth and the Absence of Fact. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001. Pp. xvi, 401. Cornell University 2002 BOOK REVIEWS Lewis, David. 1972. Psychophysical and Theoretical Identifications. Australa- sian Journal of Philosophy 50...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... by other sorts of probabilistic evidence. Far from excluding cases of the latter kind, Lewis’s Principal Principle explicitly allows for them, in the form of the caveat that credences should follow beliefs about chances only in the absence of “inadmissible evidence.” The essay then exhibits a tension...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (1): 119–152.
Published: 01 January 2015
... level can coexist with its absence at a lower level. Unlike previous arguments for the level-specificity of chance, the present argument shows, in a precise sense, that higher-level chance does not collapse into epistemic probability, despite higher-level properties supervening on lower-level ones...
FIGURES
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (2): 153–181.
Published: 01 April 2009
... connections between wholly distinct things would be mysterious and inexplicable indicate that there must be some such necessary connections. Thus, in the absence of alternative support, there is no reason to believe the Humean claim. Cornell University 2009 Barnett, David. 2005 . “The Problem...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 550–554.
Published: 01 October 2018
... view. First, Sartorio is committed to absence causation , the idea that absences (such as a failure to water one's plant) can be causes, effects, and causal intermediaries. Absences are subjects of free will: we are free to fail to do things as well as free to do things. Second, Sartorio is committed...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (2): 189–214.
Published: 01 April 2013
... in which causation is difference making is (at least on a first pass) the following: DM1–CAUSATION: Causes make a difference to their effects in that the effects wouldn’t have occurred in the absence of their causes. There are notorious...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (1): 1–50.
Published: 01 January 2006
... — a strategy followed (with dif- ferent bells and whistles in order to avoid problems we need not go into) in Woodward 2003 and Hall 2004, then we are clearly relying on an assumption of some kind about how c1 will act in the “same way” with respect to e in both the presence and the absence of c2...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (3): 327–358.
Published: 01 July 2005
... follows, I will argue that contrastivity helps resolve paradoxes as to whether absences are causal (section 2), whether events are frag- ile (section 3), whether causation is extensional (section 4), whether causation is transitive (section 5), and whether selection of “the cause” is objective...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 586–589.
Published: 01 October 2000
... for present pleasure can be ruled by a concern for one’s long-term good; and our passions can be ruled by concerns with “full information, due deliberation, accommo- dations with others, absence of immoderate passions” (241). Self-scrutiny and self-control grounded in such contingent but pervasive...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 430–437.
Published: 01 July 2015
... suppose, for instance, that there are anomalous concentrations of caloric fluid induced by the presence of capsaicin. So, caloric fluid, on this hypothesis, explains why we get the sensation of (high) temperature when we come into contact with hot sauce and muscle balm, even in the absence of high MMKE...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (4): 495–532.
Published: 01 October 2007
... of formulating my account in terms of the familiar distinction between positive events and omissions or absences, 4. Thanks to Dan Hausman for pointing this out. 497 christopher hitchcock I will instead introduce a new distinction between...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 1–47.
Published: 01 January 2008
.... That this is a feature shared so widely is another fact that cries out for explanation. Could this really be a mere coincidence? The absence of a dedicated generic operator ought to make the acquisition of generics more difficult. Children are not even pro- vided with an explicit object of study...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (1): 101–105.
Published: 01 January 2002
... and the specific scientific disciplines of mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. Sedley points out (368) that Lucretius’s argument (1.370–84) that a fish could not move through water in the absence of void proves too much, since it would rule out the possibility of a solid wheel rotating. More questionable...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 251–280.
Published: 01 July 2014
... this, but the effect is not inevitable: as I have argued, love is possible in the absence of such beliefs. Imagine, then, a case in which I forget how I relate to my wife and child. Awakening from a coma, having lost all memory of our past relationship, I still know them by name and find myself deeply stirred...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 285–295.
Published: 01 April 2017
.... In the absence of this ability, a person would be unable to recognize and respond to a vast array of reasons presented to morally responsible agents. (84) Clearly, then, as McKenna sees it, an ability to grasp second-personal reasons is essential to being a (fully) responsible agent, and an ability to grasp...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 1–43.
Published: 01 January 2021
... become known as phenomenal conservatism is the idea that there is a certain class of contentful mental states—call them seemings —and that at least in the absence of defeaters, being in a seeming-state with a proposition p as its content provides prima facie justification for believing that p . 1...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 483–486.
Published: 01 July 2002
... holes. Kutz argues that there is no clear victim for what each of these people did. “In the absence of any victim to whom an individual driver’s act makes an actual difference, there is simply no purchase for the Individual Difference Principle. And in the absence of any structure of participation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (3): 425–428.
Published: 01 July 2000
...) friendship to support the view. Second, even if widespread familial affection is impossible, it’s not obvious that the strategy will lead to a break- down of civic bonds. Assume that without the traditional family people will feel only watery familial affection. The absence of strong familial ties...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (2): 227–251.
Published: 01 April 2005
.... Holmes has not claimed knowledge; Watson can tell that Holmes’s assertion is based on a hunch. These cases pose a problem for the knowledge account. They seem to be proper assertions in the absence of knowledge; the speakers’ grounds for belief fall short of those necessary for knowledge, yet...