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ability hypothesis

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 191–217.
Published: 01 April 2017
...Hongwoo Kwon There are close parallels between Frank Jackson's case of black-and-white Mary and David Lewis's case of the two omniscient gods. This essay develops and defends what may be called “the ability hypothesis” about the knowledge that the gods lack, by adapting Lewis's ability hypothesis...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (2): 266–269.
Published: 01 April 2003
...Erin I. Kelly Hans Oberdiek, Tolerance: Between Forbearance and Acceptance. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001. Pp. ix, 182. Cornell University 2003 BOOK REVIEWS and “Knowing What it is Like: The Ability Hypothesis and the Knowledge Argu- ment...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (2): 263–266.
Published: 01 April 2003
... two papers: “Multiple Ref- erence, Multiple Realization and the Reduction of Mind,” by Terence Horgan, 265 BOOK REVIEWS and “Knowing What it is Like: The Ability Hypothesis and the Knowledge Argu- ment,” by Michael Tye (which...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (1): 43–95.
Published: 01 January 2011
... means to contrast his diagnosis with the “ability hypothesis.” The ability hypoth- esis also says that black-and-white Mary can come to know all facts about color vision, but it claims that what she lacks is only knowledge how to do certain things, such as visualizing conscious qualities...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 509–587.
Published: 01 October 2016
..., but whose accuracy is, to the greatest extent possible, a product of cognitive ability. Such credences are particularly good candidates for probabilistic knowledge. The current account explains this judgment. Because Jim's prior is biased strongly in favor of the hyperventilation hypothesis (reflecting...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 185–189.
Published: 01 January 2021
...Conor Mayo-Wilson As a vivid example, Mayo discusses a series of psychological experiments used to defend the hypothesis H that heterosexual “men's implicit self-esteem is lower when a [female] partner succeeds than when a [female] partner fails” (101). Mayo carefully distinguishes four...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 539–571.
Published: 01 October 2012
... Hooker C. A. , 261 – 308 . Dordrecht : D. Reidel . Multidimensional Possible-World Semantics for Conditionals Richard Bradley London School of Economics and Political Science Adams’s Thesis is the hypothesis...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (3): 345–383.
Published: 01 July 2017
... propositional knowledge one possesses. “Ability” here means mental or cognitive ability, not simply strength or fitness, just in the way in which, according to Lewis's Ability Hypothesis, mental or cognitive ability is needed in addition to factual knowledge for one to count as knowing what it is like to see...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (4): 643–646.
Published: 01 October 2020
... has two jobs, contemplating and ruling, and the ability to “delegate to [spirit] some of its work of managing embodied life” allows reason to “both rule effectively and contemplate in peace” (166). This account explains the usefulness of spirit to reason, but it is not clear that it is adequate...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (3): 315–360.
Published: 01 July 2001
... necessitation, is concerned. The relevant claim must hold that the actual world is minimal among the class of epistemic possibilities satisfying P, where an epistemic possibility corresponds intuitively to a maximally specific hypothesis that is not ruled out a priori. On some philosophical views...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (4): 469–496.
Published: 01 October 2005
... through sense-percep- tion. Our access to Forms is direct when the soul is disembodied and pure. While the account that Socrates offers in the Phaedrus of our ability to gain knowledge of justice is simply a myth, and like many myths, it may well play fast and loose with philosophical niceties...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (2): 239–292.
Published: 01 April 2023
..., including critically the ability to recover a large number of perceptible properties across a vast diversity of scenes, this information must be opinionated (strongly focusing computational work in narrow regions of the hypothesis space), particular (sensitive to the directly measurable properties...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 1–47.
Published: 01 January 2008
... give voice to our most cognitively primitive generalizations and that this hypothesis accounts for a variety of facts ranging from acquisition patterns to cross-linguistic data concerning the phonological articulation of operators. I go on to develop an account of the nature of these cognitively...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (1): 33–61.
Published: 01 January 2005
.... Therefore we can conclude that you don’t know that you have a broken fingernail. The argument can be applied to every prop- osition that you know to be incompatible with a version of the evil- demon hypothesis that you don’t know not to obtain, including the vast majority of the propositions for which...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (1): 59–85.
Published: 01 January 2009
... that she will conditionalize on veridical evidence in the future. I argue that Qualified Reflection follows from the probability calculus together with a few idealizing assumptions. Unfortunately, perfect confidence in one’s future ability to condi- tionalize is hard to come by. Under all...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (3): 511–518.
Published: 01 July 2013
... actually favors this second explanation. Pereboom's qualitative inaccuracy hypothesis can be seen as the conjunction of two doctrines. One is KP-representationalism and the other is a doctrine I will call the misrepresentation thesis . KP-representationalism allows for the possibility that our...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (4): 497–534.
Published: 01 October 2005
... influences, whereas acknowledging that belief’s responsiveness to evidence leaves room for other influences entails accepting that it is not strong enough to account for transparency. We choose the latter option, because transparency can be explained instead by the hypothesis that the concept of belief...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 277–281.
Published: 01 April 2000
... construal of conditional probability. A reader coming to this topic for the first time is best advised to start by reading “The hypothesis of the conditional construal of conditional possibility,” by Alan Hfijek and Ned Hall, the sixth essay in the volume. It lays out the central problem very...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 1–43.
Published: 01 January 2021
... other than the intrinsic qualities of those states: it also depends, for instance, on the subject's discriminative abilities. 24 If two seemings are similar enough, then a subject cannot come to know, justifiably believe, or become reasonably rationally confident just which one she has. 25 However...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (2): 149–177.
Published: 01 April 2012
... by drawing on the analogy between the four problems. Preliminaries Confirmation theory is concerned with the relationship between evi- dence and hypothesis: what is it for evidence to confirm a hypothesis? A central feature of Bayesian confirmation theory is that evidence con- I have had helpful...