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The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 426–431.
Published: 01 July 2018
... at computationally modeling a system does not necessarily imply it is best explained as performing computations (23, 69–71). If we are to assess whether a computational explanation is appropriate, we need a physical analogue to the mathematical notion of an “effective procedure” that motivated Church and Turing...
Published: 01 April 2018
Figure 2. The relevant message r is computed by first restricting the irrelevant literal meaning p to the contextual presupposition q ; this restriction p ↾ q is then completed by the subject matter S. More
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (2): 239–292.
Published: 01 April 2023
... We can call this dramatic efficiency the computational tractability of human perception. A theory of perception should explain how perception is computationally tractable. 2 To date, however, few potential explanations have been offered. One notable exception is the Information Encapsulation...
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (3): 339–383.
Published: 01 July 2021
... the arm with the highest Gittins index. This is a computationally expensive procedure (relative to approximations such as Upper Confidence Bound [UCB; see Auer 2003] and ε -greedy Q-learning) that relies on forward induction (Mahajan and Teneketzis 2008). Crucially, the Gittins index of each arm...
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 323–393.
Published: 01 July 2020
...). According to DRH, perceptual processes are constrained to compute over a bounded range of dimensions, while cognitive processes are not. This view allows that perception is cognitively penetrable, but places strict limits on the varieties of penetration that can occur. The article argues that DRH enjoys...
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The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (3): 395–404.
Published: 01 July 2003
... that I have a computer program that chooses a background color for my computer screen by randomly selecting a number between one and one million each time I turn on my computer. Associated with one of the numbers is a red screen. Associated with 999,999 numbers is a blue screen...
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 171–175.
Published: 01 January 2021
..., no. 4: 392–424 . Steinert-Threlkeld, Shane, and Jakub Szymanik. 2020. “Learnability and Semantic Universals.” Semantics and Pragmatics 12, article 4 . Szymanik, Jakub. 2016. Quantifiers and Cognition: Logical and Computational Perspectives. Amsterdam: Springer . 2. See Steinert...
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (2): 277–282.
Published: 01 April 2005
... com- mit Searle to a form of computationalism. Searle would, however, reiterate his claim that no mere computational processes, which, he claims, are causally inert, would ever suffice for language understanding (see 57); such processes would have to be implemented in some way. There is probably...
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 277–281.
Published: 01 April 2000
... focus on probability and the logic of conditionals, and the relationship between them; they draw their inspiration from Adams’s seminal work on the subject. As a computer scientist, I was struck by just how much the topics discussed play a major role in much recent work in computer science...
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (2): 279–283.
Published: 01 April 2004
... intuition pump involving a pair of chess-playing computers, with pseudo-random processes that give variety to their play. The authors invite us to agree that there is surely an important sense in which the computer on a given occasion is considering different possible moves that are open to it—even...
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 463–509.
Published: 01 October 2019
... process or different processes are generally claims about whether x and y use the same or different algorithms, in a particular sense of this term (see Pylyshyn 1984 ). Algorithms, in this sense, are step-by-step procedures for computing a function (i.e., mapping a set of inputs to outputs), where...
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 487–514.
Published: 01 October 2018
... card, you must visit a website and enter (by 5 p.m.) either code 1, to get a dishwasher, or code 2, to get a computer. Although your father has asked you to get the dishwasher because he needs it, your son more urgently needs the computer, so you have promised your son that you will get the computer...
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (2): 286–289.
Published: 01 April 2015
... metaphors, and we have no systematic account of how reasons combine to determine what agents ought to do. The primary aim of his book is to correct this. Horty seeks to both represent and explain the interaction of reasons with the resources of default logic, developed by computer scientists (being...
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (2): 139–168.
Published: 01 April 2006
... consequences could have been produced in another way by ersatz pain. Consider, for exam- ple, a computer that works by electricity. There could be a second com- puter computationally identical to the fi rst that works hydraulically. The former computer lacks fl uid—it is an absent fl uid device...
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (4): 670–674.
Published: 01 October 2020
.... A physicist might unwittingly fasten upon one of these equational sets and attempt to apply it to real-world phenomena. It might further happen that she will obtain fairly successful predictions on a computer due to round-off error (which sometimes supplies an unwitting surrogate for friction). What do we...
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 399–403.
Published: 01 July 2022
... and characterizing it as a computational analysis in David Marr’s sense; and by outlining some basic features and illustrations of statistical learning theory, along with five key requirements of a successful statistical learning account (3–24). He then discusses the nature of various moral representations (e.g...
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 497–529.
Published: 01 October 2010
... The term ‘transmission’ is not unique to philosophical discourse: reli- gious and cultural traditions are often transmitted from one generation to the next; diseases from one person to another; and various kinds of information from one computer to another. To understand the general concept...
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (2): 331–336.
Published: 01 April 2011
... pp. Tenenbaum, Sergio, ed. 2010. Desire, Practical Reason, and the Good. New York: Oxford University Press. 251 pp. Vamos, Tibor. 2010. Knowledge and Computing: A Course on Computer Epistemology. New York: Central European University Press. vi þ218 pp. Van Hoof, Lieve. 2010. Plutarch’s...
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 627–632.
Published: 01 October 2000
... BOOK REVLEWS The first chapter sets the background by sketching Fodor’s representa- tional/computational theory of the mind (RTM), according to which thinking is computation, the contents of mental states explain their com- putational roles, and mental representations are the primitive...
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 281–286.
Published: 01 April 2000
... that holds that there are no facts of logicality. But while there are no logical facts, on pragmatic grounds, Resnik argues that there ought to be only one logic. The remaining essays concern Prior’s formal legacy, with articles on ap- plications of temporal logic in computer science, particularly...