Sadly, we're all going to die, so we have a finite amount of time at our disposal. How should we spend it if we want to lead a good and meaningful life? This is the question at the heart of Cheshire Calhoun's strikingly original Doing Valuable Time. As she observes, we are both evaluators who choose in the light of our values and take up attitudes toward what happens, and temporally oriented beings whose present is shaped by thoughts and implicit expectations regarding possible futures. The interaction of these two deep features turns out to have a rich variety of consequences for decision-making, meaning in life, the value of commitment, and attitudes like boredom and contentment.

For Calhoun, actively leading a life is a matter of spending one's time in ways that reflect one's values or normative outlook, whether it comes to life...

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