Much recent metaphysics is built around notions such as naturalness, fundamentality, grounding, dependence, essence, and others besides. In this article I raise a problem for this kind of metaphysics, the “problem of missing value.” I survey a number of possible solutions to the problem and find them all wanting. This suggests a return to a kind of Goodmanian view that the world is a structureless mess onto which we project our own categorizations, not something with categories already built in.
Shamik Dasgupta; Realism and the Absence of Value. The Philosophical Review 1 July 2018; 127 (3): 279–322. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/00318108-6718771
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