Epistemic closure (ec) is the thesis that knowledge is closed under known entailment. Although several theories of knowledge violate ec, failures of ec seem rare in science. I argue that, surprisingly, there are genuine violations of ec according to theories of knowledge widely endorsed in the sciences.
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Conor Mayo-Wilson; Epistemic Closure in Science. The Philosophical Review 1 January 2018; 127 (1): 73–114. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/00318108-4230067
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