Mental Time Travel defends the extraordinary claim that episodic memory is imagination, or what Michaelian calls the “simulation theory.” While some aspects of the simulation theory are revisionary, it is a compelling account that offers crucial insights into memory's important role in everyday human mental and epistemic life. Michaelian covers several topics in depth but is always able to keep an eye on the big picture; Mental Time Travel is both an exploration of the simulation theory and a helpful overview of the psychology of memory.

The book focuses on three main questions about episodic memory: what is episodic memory, how does episodic memory give us knowledge, and why did episodic memory evolve? Michaelian argues that memory, as a whole, is likely not a natural kind and that episodic memory ought to be studied on its own rather than as a part of a...

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