This is a long-anticipated collection of ten essays on epistemic modality by leading thinkers of the field, edited and introduced by Andy Egan and Brian Weatherson. Most of the papers published here give detailed accounts of the semantics and pragmatics of plain epistemically modalized sentences such as

  • (1)

    Mary might be in Chicago.

and so I will focus on this aspect of the volume, summarizing the remaining papers in my concluding remarks.

The classical approach to modals from Kratzer treats them as existential or universal quantifiers over a contextually restricted set of possible worlds.1 Different flavors of modality—circumstantial, deontic, epistemic, and so forth—correspond to different choices of contextually provided restrictors, preserving a unity in the semantics of modals while accounting for the variety of their interpretations in context. Epistemic interpretations arise in case the modal is interpreted as a quantifier over a set...

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