This article traces a brief genealogy of the concept of ideology, focusing on the way that this is a modern concept which presents a break with the traditional philosophical concerns with unmasking delusions and displaying the reality behind them. Ideology pertains to the very reality behind the illusions by virtue of a structural necessity, thus producing a redoubled or reflected illusion. Such was the focus of the classical ideology critique, but recent developments produced a new turn whereby the ideological construction does its own unmasking, preempting the critique. The obscene underside now comes to the fore, lifting the veil by which it was concealed, but this process doesn’t mean that we can now see the plain truth. Lifting the veil is an advanced form of obfuscation whereby the repression itself gets repressed.

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