In 2016, the progressive government of the Workers’ Party in Brazil came to a halt through a highly contested impeachment process that gave way to an aggressive policy switch toward a hardline neoliberal fix. This article addresses the conjuncture of the many trajectories that led to the parliamentary coup, analyzing the imposed agenda in terms of a political economy of its regulatory aspects, in tandem with a sociospatial perspective on the right-wing turn and its implications. The major elements of the package are: the imposition of a workfare regime, the flexibilization of labor relations, a dynamic of market creation through legislative changes (especially in the domain of land and real estate markets), and a widespread withdrawal of labor and welfare rights. The results point toward an expansion of the many (territorial, social, economic) fronts on which the financialization of society and space can operate.
Postdemocracy Reset: Brazil’s Putschist Fix in Sociospatial Perspective
Felipe Magalhães is an assistant professor of economic geography and planning at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. He has been researching the new cycle of urban social movements in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte since 2010, more recently focusing on its connections with the cultural sector and networks of solidarity economies.
Felipe Magalhães; Postdemocracy Reset: Brazil’s Putschist Fix in Sociospatial Perspective. South Atlantic Quarterly 1 April 2019; 118 (2): 401–419. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/00382876-7381218
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