The virtue of a psychological account of National Socialism is that it invites us to think of fascism as something other than an ideology. A person doesn’t become a fascist by reciting a creed or subscribing to a set doctrine. Even so, The Authoritarian Personality draws a caricature of the fascist as character type and so fails to comprehend fascism as a many-sided and contradictory movement. Adorno’s contribution to the volume reads like the Dialectic of Enlightenment without the dialectic.

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