This essay examines antibase movements in the Philippines, giving attention to the development, organization, and role of antibase movements leading to the ouster of US military forces in 1991. Additionally, I discuss how the return of the US military in the late 1990s under a visiting forces agreement rekindled mobilization efforts, albeit more weakly than during the early 1990s, against US military presence. Although no permanent US base exists in the Philippines today, peace activists continue to rally against the US military influence both at home and abroad.
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Andrew Yeo; Challenging US Military Presence in the Philippines. South Atlantic Quarterly 1 October 2012; 111 (4): 857–864. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/00382876-1724237
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