Moving beyond the well-worn evaluations of the Venezuelan political situation (for or against Hugo Chávez), this essay sets out to describe the various currents and positions within the Bolivarian camp as well as its increasingly uncertain future in the electoral realm. Roland Denis looks beyond those in political office and their likely troubled future in order to find that underneath the Bolivarian veneer an entirely “Other politics” is in the process of gestation. From the self-organized actions for workers' control in Cumanacoa and Maracaibo to the struggle of Chief Sabino and the Yukpa people, these new political actors have developed strategies of “territorial liberation” that are capable of strengthening new subjectivities and identities that make themselves felt in larger and larger social spaces. These are also subjects, Denis suggests, that if forced to confront openly reactionary governments will be prepared to do so.

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