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income

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Journal Article
Social Text (1 March 2006) 24 (1 (86)): 1–35.
Published: 01 March 2006
... irresponsible, the research literature shows that late-capitalist dynamics, supported by conservative policy from 1980 onward, drove academic institutions into a fiscal crisis that by the 1990s many low- and middle-income families were person- ally experiencing. Next I review some of the initiatives...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 September 2006) 24 (3 (88)): 81–98.
Published: 01 September 2006
... annual income (mean $) 8,555 6,623 7,224 N 163 385 548 who do not migrate out of state between growing seasons) grew fourfold...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 December 2000) 18 (4 (65)): 117–133.
Published: 01 December 2000
... can do the statistical procedures to find the central tendency in aggregations of the public’s income, housing, health care, education, and so on. The Left can be particularly susceptible to the vagaries of basing a...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 March 2000) 18 (1 (62)): 81–107.
Published: 01 March 2000
... been transformed from use to abuse, from an active exercise of one’s legal rights to income to a passive dependency on the government. Welfare dependency is seen as a universal deficiency that almost no one can actively support, while poverty is no longer considered a...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 June 2005) 23 (2 (83)): 71–83.
Published: 01 June 2005
... Appalachian Ohio, you will fi nd the poorest counties in the state. There will be roads you can barely drive on, schools that are chronically underfunded, and legions of people who are unemployed or consigned to jobs that lack the income and benefi ts needed for a secure life. Because of the structural...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 June 2004) 22 (2 (79)): 37–66.
Published: 01 June 2004
... to substitute lost public income with private funds, and this will deepen the university’s involvement with busi- ness, which, by its very nature, gives money only to receive more money in return. At the same time, the university’s core mission is noncommer- The...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 March 2002) 20 (1 (70)): 51–60.
Published: 01 March 2002
... the university. The consequences of our disempowerment are real and fall disproportionately upon low-income students and students of color. Some examples follow: NYU has resisted the creation of a campus rape crisis center and the...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 March 2007) 25 (1 (90)): 105–115.
Published: 01 March 2007
... incompetence. The question of affordability of higher education is salient to any dis- cussion of academic freedom. A 2000 survey of 850 U.S. residents found that less than a tenth of adults who enjoy a family income of between...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 June 2000) 18 (2 (63)): 107–120.
Published: 01 June 2000
... communities for an eighty-cent fare. In this regard, it was a win- incomes” goes to dow onto an “alternative” L.A., one that, though true to its rigid social boundaries, was nonetheless evocative of the urbanism that the city had the heart of how ostensibly left behind...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 September 2007) 25 (3 (92)): 125–145.
Published: 01 September 2007
... is an account of the shift from what I have called the age of three worlds to the single “integrating world.” However, and this is the second point, they see the world still divided into three, no longer ideologically but eco- nomically: higher, middle, lower income. In 1995, they wrote, the...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 December 2001) 19 (4 (69)): 1–5.
Published: 01 December 2001
..., it is in decline, displaced by the historic policy renegotiations of the 1970s conducted by capital, the state, and their intellectual servants in economics that redistributed income back to bourgeoisies. Or put another way, economic...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 December 2002) 20 (4 (73)): 1–18.
Published: 01 December 2002
... true form of Islam. In place of tribal raiding and the extraction of income from the declining trans-Arabian caravan trade, the Ikhwan joined Ibn Saud in a war against what they saw as the polytheism of the wider Muslim com- munity. In 1913–14 Ibn Saud took control of eastern Arabia (whose...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 September 2003) 21 (3 (76)): 59–83.
Published: 01 September 2003
... property owners, also represents a major hit to low-income homeowners, as well as to renters, as increased rents passed along from landlords, unlike landowners’ property taxes, cannot be deducted from their personal income taxes (Pasanen...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 September 2014) 32 (3 (120)): 29–48.
Published: 01 September 2014
... dissatisfaction despite their occupations or incomes.” But, the slender book optimistically demonstrates, if the smart but low-­achieving chauffeur can learn to focus on future rewards and invest his marshmallows, he can eventually hire somebody else to drive...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 March 2003) 21 (1 (74)): 111–127.
Published: 01 March 2003
.... A Helping Hand I was drawn to the subject of lower-income families not exactly by design but by force of circumstances. It was in the early 1980s. I had recently set- tled in Porto Alegre with my (“native”) husband and two toddlers...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 December 2003) 21 (4 (77)): 139–153.
Published: 01 December 2003
... affected its income-generating monetary value. capability. Before widespread globalization, as long as the private sector’s affairs could remain private, their shared practices and business and social net- works...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 March 2000) 18 (1 (62)): 55–79.
Published: 01 March 2000
... Income (SSI) for the disabled and elderly, and food stamps for dependent, immigrant children. Following this initial immigrant removal, federal cash assistance programs, namely Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), will be drastically reduced and eventually...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 December 2003) 21 (4 (77)): 1–7.
Published: 01 December 2003
... contracts as actual income.4 The inducement to overstate income was part of the stock market bub- ble that paid handsomely for soaring corporate valuations. The entity charged with policing such activity, the Securities and Exchange Commis- sion, briefly enjoyed the leadership of Harvey Pitt, an...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 December 2004) 22 (4 (81)): 1–7.
Published: 01 December 2004
... of wealth over the last thirty years, global inequality has been growing at unprec- edented rates. The world is now characterized by grotesque discrepancies in income and wealth. From 1960 to 1991, the ratio of income shares of the richest to the poorest segments of humanity grew from 30:1 to...
Journal Article
Social Text (1 March 2005) 23 (1 (82)): 37–42.
Published: 01 March 2005
... fraction of the 24/7 river of movement on its streets and highways. Although the “infeasibility” of public transit for everyday travel has been drilled into the public consciousness, it remains a lifeline for scores of low-income people unable to buy a car or shoulder the costs of insurance...