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toussaint

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Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (2): 194–208.
Published: 01 June 2007
...Charles Forsdick Central to Madison Smartt Bell's trilogy of novels on the Haitian Revolution is the character of Toussaint Louverture. The article considers how Bell's Toussaint fits into two centuries of representations of the revolutionary leader, exploring in particular the ways in which his...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2022) 26 (1 (67)): 30–54.
Published: 01 March 2022
...Chelsea Stieber This essay analyzes the genre of mémoire produced by gens de couleur (free people of color) within the colonial and military bureaucracy of revolutionary Saint-Domingue. Building on recent scholarship on Toussaint Louverture’s 1802 “Mémoire du général Toussaint Louverture...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (3 (60)): 87–103.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Raj Chetty This essay approaches the stage versions of Toussaint Louverture (1934) and The Black Jacobins (1967), first, to emphasize the role of C. L. R. James’s collaborations in the creation of the plays, and second, to argue that the latter version of the play presents a radical feminism...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (2): 177–183.
Published: 01 June 2007
...Laurent Dubois This essay discusses the ways in which Madison Smartt Bell's novel The Stone That the Builder Refused represents the history of the Haitian Revolution, and particularly the figure of Toussaint Louverture. It argues that the novel engages usefully with the problem of how we can...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (2): 163–176.
Published: 01 June 2007
... Refused (2004) offers a truly epic, complex, engaged narrative of the slave uprisings, the political intrigues, and the rise of Toussaint Louverture as a quintessentially Haitian hero, caught between France and Africa, tradition and modernity, revenge and forgiveness, hatred...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2018) 22 (2 (56)): 1–17.
Published: 01 July 2018
... scholars seeking to construct more racially and geographically diverse science fiction archives. In the 2000 novel, a young girl lives on Toussaint, a planet colonized by Caribbean peoples from Earth and where citizens’ minds and bodies are connected to a cybernetic network known as the ’Nansi Web. Many...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2008) 12 (3 (27)): 14–31.
Published: 01 October 2008
... Revolutionaries—not just Toussaint Louverture but also, as Carolyn Fick has demonstrated, the whole multitude of Haitian slaves—fought to institute an emancipatory social structure that would allow for 1. “Bossale” refers to the slaves of Saint-Domingue born in Africa and subsequently brought by force...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (2): 209–216.
Published: 01 June 2007
... of the surrounding societies who have spent roughly two hundred years steadfastly refusing to hear anything about it. It’s true, as Laurent Dubois declares, that I have now written a strictly nonfictional biog- raphy of Toussaint Louverture. For the novelist it is very painful to sacrifice the privilege...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 16–23.
Published: 01 September 2005
..., Small Axe 18, September 2005: pp. 16–23 ISSN 0799-0537 “Th ey have cut down the tree of peace but it will grow again”—a near repeat of the very words Toussaint Louverture spoke when he was kidnapped by General Leclerc in 1803? Did not Prime Minister Latortue, in a moment of Dessalinian fervor...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (3 (45)): 35–51.
Published: 01 November 2014
... of striving and a longing for overcoming can be told. After all, part of the way universal history works in The Black Jacobins is through James's heroic figuration of Toussaint Louverture. What is at stake for James in this figuration? What conceptual-political labor does it perform? I think that answering...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2008) 12 (3 (27)): 1–13.
Published: 01 October 2008
.... L. R. James, The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution (1938; reprint, London: Allison and Busby, 1980), 63. small axe 27 • October 2008 • p 1–13 • ISSN 0799-0537 2 | SX27 • Interpreting 2004: Politics, Memory, Scholarship Trouillot, focusing here...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 202–204.
Published: 01 September 2005
..., of course. Toussaint, never one to bear grudges, a man who also loved the French language—unlike the prickly Dessalines—would have been happy to know that France is today looking to us to give them a hand in their predicament. Not so fast, I say, because I can’t guarantee a thing. I’d really like...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (3 (33)): 152–162.
Published: 01 November 2010
... Saint-Domingue, c’est étudier une des origins, une des sources, de l’actuelle civilisation occidentale. —Aimé Césaire, Toussaint Louverture “To study Saint-Domingue is to study one of the origins, one of the sources, of contemporary Western Civilization.”1 But in precisely what senses might...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): v–vii.
Published: 01 September 2005
..., for they are deep and numerous.) —Toussaint Louverture, 1802 Dans l’ombre de Toussaint Louverture, le genie de la race, je déclare qu’en me renversant on n’a abattu que le tronc de l’arbre de la paix; il repoussera par les racines parce qu’elles sont louverturiennes...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): viii–xiii.
Published: 01 September 2005
..., for they are deep and numerous.) —Toussaint Louverture, 1802 Dans l’ombre de Toussaint Louverture, le genie de la race, je déclare qu’en me renversant on n’a abattu que le tronc de l’arbre de la paix; il repoussera par les racines parce qu’elles sont louverturiennes...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (3 (33)): 1–20.
Published: 01 November 2010
...’) the cry Black slave women would shout to each other.”13 In the preface to his play Monsieur Toussaint, Glissant coins the term prophetic vision of the past, suggesting a poeticized method of approaching those histories that are hidden or silent. Opting for a certain temporal- and sensory...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 189–201.
Published: 01 September 2005
... history. I remember reciting the words of Toussaint Louverture¹⁹ and Boisrond Tonnerre—whom Dany 19. Toussaint Louverture (1743–1803), the former slave who led half a million blacks against the French armies of Napoléon, was the governor general of St. Domingue from 1799 to 1802. Under...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 1–15.
Published: 01 September 2005
... the free colored leaders who had been defeated by Toussaint Louverture and who had consequently been forced into exile in France. Following a switch of sides, whereby the mulatto leaders aligned themselves with the former slaves, the war of independence was won in Haiti...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 109–123.
Published: 01 September 2005
...-imperialism and dictatorship, which was a signature of all early Haitian autocrats from Toussaint Louverture and Dessalines to Christophe. Baron de Vastey, the latter dictator’s state theoretician, propagated this mixture to the detriment of the French and the southern republicans...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (1 (61)): 96–102.
Published: 01 March 2020
... regionalism. 16 As she brilliantly argues, they could coexist in local texts such as Walcott’s and still contribute to the forging of a Caribbean political ethos, as in James’s “From Toussaint L’Ouverture to Fidel Castro.” These unnational desires could emerge from a critique of the present, as in Walcott...