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race relations in France

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Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (3 (48)): 91–101.
Published: 01 November 2015
... impasse in which early-twenty-first-century France finds itself. In tandem with the analysis of Césaire's essays, the essay examines French justice minister Christiane Taubira's published writings and legislative work as evidence of her related efforts to recast cultural specificity as a source...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (1 (46)): 100–108.
Published: 01 March 2015
... Studies in the Future Tense (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010). 29 Maxime Cervulle, “The Uses of Universalism: ‘Diversity Statistics’ and the Race Issue in Contemporary France,” European Journal of Cultural Studies 17, no. 2 (2013): 118–33. In May 2013, France adopted a law proscribing...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2022) 26 (2 (68)): 100–107.
Published: 01 July 2022
... and the 1980s and were often borrowed from other languages. The way the terms have been and continue to be used illustrates France’s complicated and shifting relation to people of African descent, notably within its own population. In the context of culture wars that have been shaking the country in the past...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (2 (71)): 1–17.
Published: 01 July 2023
... detours, a French one and a Yugoslav one. In France, Césaire realizes that being in the metropole will not solve the feelings of boredom and isolation that he felt in Martinique, since he finds himself in exile in relation to the community that was supposed to receive him. To fight his own alienation, he...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (3 (30)): 12–24.
Published: 01 November 2009
... with other (arbitrary) categories of meaning rather than with “real” or “natural” differences. His was a crucial inter- vention for future Caribbean and postcolonial thought insofar as it dislodged race from its plinth of fixity and made it available—as a relational paradigm...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (2): 26–38.
Published: 01 July 2009
..., in order to shatter the hellish cycle, he explodes” (140).9 In his discussions of the parallels between popular discussions of race in France and the United States, Fanon traces the exportation of New World racial sensibilities, forged in the history of exploration, discovery...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (1 (70)): 143–153.
Published: 01 March 2023
...@rutgers.edu © Small Axe, Inc. 2023 Afrofeminism Black belonging Black French women race relations in France Does citizenship equal Black liberation and decolonization? This is one of the questions that Annette K. Joseph-Gabriel’s Reimagining Liberation: How Black Women Transformed...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (3 (33)): 89–98.
Published: 01 November 2010
... relations within which France and Frenchness can situate themselves as exceptional entities transcending history while claiming unimpeachable universality: “The center relegated to the midst of other centers, it is the formation of a constellation that we witness, where language...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (1 (52)): 220–232.
Published: 01 March 2017
... that would suggest that there is no more class war”; ibid., para. 15. 43 See Olivia Sheringham, “From Creolization to Relation: An Interview with Patrick Chamoiseau,” 17 April 2012, www.migration.ox.ac.uk/odp/pdfs/PatrickChamoiseauInterview_F.pdf , 2. 44 See “La Martinique: Histoire d'un béké...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (1): 98–111.
Published: 01 March 2009
... women and subsumed women of color to normative white feminist concepts of suffrage and liberation. Demonstrating that nineteenth-century black women such as Harriet Jacobs, Frances Harper, Anna Julia Cooper, and Ida B. Wells, among others, confronted the domestic ideology of white womanhood, Carby...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 150–170.
Published: 01 September 2005
... brutality related to religious fanaticism as exemplifi ed by the Inquisition and the bloody Protestant-Catholic confl icts in France Firmin signals that “intelligent travelers” had conceded that Africans possessed much more complex religious ideas than the mere worshiping of fetishes Some authors...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (3 (30)): 186–189.
Published: 01 November 2009
... include Edouard Glissant and Postcolonial Theory: Strategies of Language and Resistance (1999); Race and the Unconscious: Freudianism in French Caribbean Thought (2002); and The Sense of Com- munity in French Caribbean Fiction (2008). She has also coedited an issue of Paragraph titled “Francophone...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2012) 16 (3 39): 1–21.
Published: 01 November 2012
... have avenged America.”1 With these words, proclaimed on 28 April 1804, just months after declaring Haiti’s independence from France, Jean-Jacques Dessalines defended the recriminatory violence of the Haitian Revolution and articulated one of the earliest attestations of its world-historical...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (2 (53)): 45–61.
Published: 01 July 2017
... of Saint-Domingue's inhabitants, regardless of race, are “free and French.” In the Declaration of Independence, however, the français are the whites, not only those who sailed from France in 1802 but also white colonists whose multigenerational ties to the island went back as far as any person of African...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (1 (43)): 114–124.
Published: 01 March 2014
... relation, since they are not temporally stable or static, neither inside nor out. In other words, Désinore and Xantippe perform their race and class. In so doing, meaning is attached to the actors, their gestures, and their mode of being, and that meaning is specifically tailored to challenge...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (3 (33)): 78–88.
Published: 01 November 2010
..., such a fixation means that the country is forever defined in relation to France. Condé’s writ- ings directly challenge this singular relationship between France and Guadeloupe, and she consistently places her Caribbean homeland within a wider context. Moreover, in her work she does not confine herself...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (3 (33)): 69–77.
Published: 01 November 2010
...Martin Munro The Littérature-monde manifesto, published in 2007, seems to announce a new era for writing in French from non-metropolitan regions. It moreover suggests that this moment marks a “Copernican revolution” in the literary history of France and the French-speaking world. This article...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2011) 15 (3 (36)): vii–x.
Published: 01 November 2011
... a slender booklet of less than thirty pages was published in France and very quickly became something of a cause célèbre. Indignez-vous! was written by Stéphane Hessel, who at ninety-three years old felt he had some unvarnished truths about the state of our common humanity to pass on to a younger...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2013) 17 (1 (40)): 50–70.
Published: 01 March 2013
... forsake the American white race to find mental comradeship with Booker T. Washington, the sage and seer of Tuskegee, and in the same realm, now resurrected, Miss Nancy Cunard and myself may stand in the same company, forsaking all relations that would otherwise separate us in race. 94 “I represent...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (1 (43)): 138–148.
Published: 01 March 2014
... thing of ours sky-high it still wouldn't take much still not much not much so that at last one day everything'd go everything'd go go in the direction of our own race our own race. 54 In that “not much” resides everything: a reversal of perspective and power relations, and a consequent end...