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Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (3 (30)): 161–173.
Published: 01 November 2009
...Alex Dupuy This article analyzes the shifts in the balance of power between Aristide and the Haitian dominant and middle classes and the foreign powers (the United States, France, and Canada) during the two periods of Aristide's presidency (1991/1994-1996, and 2001-2004). In the first period, an...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2013) 17 (2 (41)): 136–153.
Published: 01 July 2013
...Roshini Kempadoo Recent political agitations across countries, including those in Southern Europe, the Middle East, South America, and North and Middle Africa, are further problematized by the perceived failure of “state multiculturalism” in Europe. European citizens of different cultures—such as...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (2 (62)): 197–207.
Published: 01 July 2020
... epistemological and political purview of the radical wing of black studies, the essay focuses on four topics that appear in Plummer’s and Burden-Stelly’s comments: (1) the question of class, and in particular the role of the Caribbean middle classes, in the history of finance, banking, imperial expansion, and...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (3 (63)): 65–80.
Published: 01 November 2020
... My Mother Who Fathered Me . Smith identifies a governor’s wife as the instigator of the campaign, not the black Jamaican middle-class nationalist feminists who were responsible, yet his account has ascended to a form of academic folk knowledge that is oft repeated and rarely probed. As a valued...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2011) 15 (2 (35)): 164–173.
Published: 01 July 2011
... that already in the 1870s, Thomas defined creole identity as normative and national in part by contrasting it to Indian and other ethnic identities. Smith illuminates the significant role women and womanhood played in the construction of creole identity and respectable middle-class nationalism. As...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2011) 15 (3 (36)): 80–88.
Published: 01 November 2011
... bodies and minds as Kanor stages it through her novel Humus . A polyphonic, disrupted, and fragmented text, Humus is the tale of embedded narrative memories that unveil the historical and anthropological traces of the Middle Passage. In Search of a Third Space: Fabienne Kanor’s Humus Dominique...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (3 (45)): 52–63.
Published: 01 November 2014
... celebrated for its multi-culturalism, Haitian linguistic plurality tends to be denied outright or disparaged as a characteristic of the exploitative members of the elite. Yet multilingual Haitians include not only those of the middle and upper classes but also those living along the border with the Dominican...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (1 (43)): 125–137.
Published: 01 March 2014
... development of large-scale social welfare projects in Jamaica, still hold individualism at a distance, then their alarm is worth serious attention. And from where might such support emerge? The cooperative traditions generated long ago in towns like Middle Rock—and reproduced therein ever since—are a...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (1): 95–111.
Published: 01 February 2007
... professional upper middle class who together comprised the social and political elite that ruled Grenada during the 1950s. Gairy and his inner circle soon acquired significant political influence, and this led to the development of a new black upper middle class. It is this new class that spearheaded the...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (1 (61)): 87–95.
Published: 01 March 2020
... colonial administration, and to link this assessment with what he says about the postwar cohort of prose fiction writers: “The education of all these writers is more or less middle-class Western culture, and particularly English culture. But the substance of their books, the general motives and directions...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (1 (46)): 1–4.
Published: 01 March 2015
..., anyway, as I keep repeating, the story of Stuart Hall has another beginning—namely, the moment of his departure from Jamaica. That is a story, too, that Stuart sometimes told, sketchily, and usually as a story of escape from his claustrophobic middle-class family, at the center of which famously stood...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2012) 16 (2 (38)): vii–x.
Published: 01 July 2012
... more deeply into the complexity of that Jamaican past, who is densely formed by the tragic familial regimen of color and class in the Jamaican social order at a particularly fractious moment in the political unfolding of the brown middle class's will to power. This is a figure of Stuart Hall that has...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (1 (31)): 30–45.
Published: 01 March 2010
... implications of this phenomenon for Jamaica in terms of class and cultural politics, as well as its relation to the politics of sustainable development. While ital chic’s producers come from diverse backgrounds, its consumers are mostly middle-class or elite. There is, therefore, a risk that this...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2003) 7 (2): 159–167.
Published: 01 September 2003
... the English in Fthe middle of the nineteenth century, will be an obvious one at this moment in post- colonial studies. For others of us this point cannot be stressed enough, notwithstanding the last decade or so of scholarship along these lines (including Hall’s). Th e idea of a self- suffi...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (1): 67–75.
Published: 01 February 2007
... established among Caribbean people and influenced attitudes, perception, and acceptance. In a footnote in one of Naipaul’s earlier books, The Middle Passage, the staple of people from the Eastern Caribbean or Lesser Antilles becomes a reproach, loaded with value judgments and notions...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (1): 80–83.
Published: 01 March 2005
... signs and symbols. Th e clearest example of this in my recent work is a translation of a diagram of how slaves were cargoed during the middle passage. Th is image is transformed into an intricate 8822...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (3 (63)): 128–142.
Published: 01 November 2020
..., patriarchal norms, political independence, and black pride that Bailey navigated throughout the 1950s. Amy Bailey was born in 1895 in Walderston, Manchester, Jamaica. She was the fifth of eight children in what was then a rarity—a black middle-class family. 5 Her mother, Anna Bailey, and father...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (1 (58)): 77–96.
Published: 01 March 2019
... Jamaica in late 1979. This second statement is not entirely true either: between September 1974, when I left, and September 1979, when I returned permanently, I came home nearly every Christmas and nearly every summer. My parents were upper-middle-class professionals: my dark-skinned father was one of...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2003) 7 (1): 1–16.
Published: 01 March 2003
... carnivals, and in the “middle-brow” venue of the beauty pageant stages. A historical lens reveals that the traditional attitude of the respectable and aspiring-respectable classes toward (usually black) women in the public sphere has been to perceive these performances as indices of...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (1 (58)): 52–61.
Published: 01 March 2019
... passionate disagreements among ourselves based on personality, positionality, and politics; it also provided intergenerational dialogue and dissent among the younger scholars of the period. One such tension was the issue of the state. For whom did it have meaning? And, were many of the presenters its middle...