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maritime labor

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Journal Article
Small Axe (2018) 22 (3 (57)): 56–67.
Published: 01 November 2018
... and the Politics of Empire, 1880–1920,” in Jerry H. Bentley, Renate Bridenthal, and Karen Wigen, eds., Seascapes: Maritime Histories, Littoral Cultures, and Transoceanic Exchanges (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2007), 181, 180. 15 Ibid., 181. 16 Jacob Zumoff, “Black Caribbean Labor...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2013) 17 (2 (41)): 8–26.
Published: 01 July 2013
... for the “black” world of sugar and labor her imprint helped to create—the faces not of the transplanted on the colonial peripheries but of the monarchs in the imperial centers. Boddie maps a different physiognomy of the Caribbean as a historical space, drawing from the perspective of the present a relationship...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (1 (58)): 208–219.
Published: 01 March 2019
...-grown sugar and had large black-majority populations with societies in North or South America that similarly depended on the labor of enslaved Africans but often held them captive in smaller numbers and maintained populations with much larger numbers of Europeans or people of mixed race in contrast...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2021) 25 (2 (65)): 69–82.
Published: 01 July 2021
... by their younger generation. The French community was held together by its internal organization, which was transmitted from one generation to the next. Central to the Frenchies was adherence to a division of labor between the sexes and religious fidelity. The men worked outside of the home and were gone...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (3 (54)): 179–187.
Published: 01 November 2017
... the island's labor movement as well as the problems associated with poverty such as poor hygiene, disease, malnutrition, and lack of education” (16). For Julia de Burgos these were not things that could be ignored; she had lived them. The construction of the jíbaro becomes even more problematic when we...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (1): 27–40.
Published: 01 March 2009
... in the southwest of England. The daughter of an agricultural laborer, my mother chose to be Welsh rather than English. Living in London, as we all did throughout my childhood, she would often assert this allegiance to Wales, regaling my brother and me with tales of the heroic Owain Glyndwr, born in 1359...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (3 (72)): 32–48.
Published: 01 November 2023
... and private. In the ethnography ¡Venceremos? , Jafari Allen points out that the Cuban public sphere exists as an unmarked masculine domain: en la calle (in the street). 30 While the early years of the Revolution saw a greater inclusion of women in the labor force and in public institutions...
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Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (2 (62)): 187–196.
Published: 01 July 2020
.... The construction, maintenance, and creative manipulation of debt is the lifeblood of finance. Extending credit and insuring slave ships and their cargoes “multiplied the value of slaves beyond the immediate productivity of their labour.” 9 Debt, a technology of rule, continued to feature prominently...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2022) 26 (2 (68)): 144–153.
Published: 01 July 2022
..., for example). 21 The belated installation of a plantation economy in nineteenth-century Puerto Rico (and the Spanish colonies) was fundamentally different as a result. Lacking a parallel peasant agriculture along with a potential laboring force to supplement the plantation, Vieques was “settled...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (2 (62)): 133–146.
Published: 01 July 2020
... Barbudans on the island, only 6 percent of the marriages took place with a non-Barbudan, attesting to the strong “community endogamy,” as she calls it. Riva Berleant-Schiller, “Production and Division of Labor in a West Indian Peasant Community,” American Ethnologist 4, no. 2 (1977): 255. Barbudan...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (3): 16–33.
Published: 01 October 2007
... the Caribbean. Ewart Skinner’s study of Jamaica Digiport Inter- national (JDI) in the mid-nineties called attention to the new role of customized urban space and cheap information labor in the Caribbean.2 Caribbean governments, in association with the World Bank, the United States Agency for International...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2016) 20 (1 (49)): 62–78.
Published: 01 March 2016
... before Wynter is to retrace the African struggle to “rehumanize exile” (59), as she stresses in “Transplantation and Transformation of African Beliefs and Behaviour” (chap. 5). Those who are reduced to “so many piezas of labor” (68) by European imperialism would endure and resist “not only exile from...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2011) 15 (2 (35)): 96–116.
Published: 01 July 2011
..., and for the terror of forced labor on sugar plantations, Matanzas boasts the largest population of descendants of slaves in Cuba. Campos-Pons grew up there in a former slave quarters that had been renovated as an apartment. Ironically, while interviewing her mother for the installation...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (3 (45)): 123–136.
Published: 01 November 2014
... is deemed to belong to the nation-state have arguably been at their highest point in recent years, fought out on a racialized battlefield. This contestation centers on whether those regarded as outsiders—often descendants of postcolonial or labor migrants—can claim belonging to the nation, or can even have...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (2 (47)): 29–55.
Published: 01 July 2015
... In 1955, in response to pressure from West Indian colonial trade ministers to open the Canadian labor market to Caribbean workers, agitation by black Canadian activists to liberalize immigration law, and, above all, demand by wealthy white Canadians for a cheap source of domestic help, Ottawa initiated...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2006) 10 (1): 28–58.
Published: 01 February 2006
.... These crossings include migration for labor, which, in the case of Barbadian and other blacks who helped build het Panama Canal, resulted in the settling of blacks in Latin America. They also include tourism. In a 1995 trip ot Costa Rica, I observed that many blacks in the port city Limon, descendants of those...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (1 (46)): 5–19.
Published: 01 March 2015
... in America if the European treated them with the same fairness: because, however, he sees in these wretches only instruments of labor, his behavior toward them depends solely on the utility that he draws from them; he measures his justice based on his profit.” 57 This sympathetic portrait of the pupil's...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (1 (46)): 20–36.
Published: 01 March 2015
...: “The limbo imagination of the folk involved a crucial inner re-creative response to the violations of slavery and indenture and conquest.” 39 The re-creative/recreative—both creating again, through the repetition of older forms in newer contexts, and recreation, or a break from forced labor—pushes away...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2012) 16 (3 39): 143–165.
Published: 01 November 2012
... at the time: the transition of the first and second generations of free people after slavery to assimilation as French soldiers (remember Lou) and citizens; the need of labor migration and the possibility of metropolitan education or American employment; upward mobility and a quest for identity. Ady...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2018) 22 (1 (55)): 89–102.
Published: 01 March 2018
..., a peasant labor process, equally oriented toward subsistence and the market, emerged in the very heart of the plantation economy » 28 . Ainsi, ce sont les structures néocoloniales découlant de l’économie de plantation orientée vers l’extérieur qui produisent une grande partie de la marginalisation...