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louverture

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Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (2): 177–183.
Published: 01 June 2007
...Laurent Dubois This essay discusses the ways in which Madison Smartt Bell's novel The Stone That the Builder Refused represents the history of the Haitian Revolution, and particularly the figure of Toussaint Louverture. It argues that the novel engages usefully with the problem of how we can...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (3 (48)): 129–145.
Published: 01 November 2015
... of equality and popular sovereignty were displaced and transformed, tropicalized and radicalized, by a series of figures who together constitute a francophone, black Jacobin radical anticolonial tradition: Toussaint Louverture, baron de Vastey, Victor Schoelcher, C. L. R. James, and ultimately Césaire himself...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (2): 194–208.
Published: 01 June 2007
...Charles Forsdick Central to Madison Smartt Bell's trilogy of novels on the Haitian Revolution is the character of Toussaint Louverture. The article considers how Bell's Toussaint fits into two centuries of representations of the revolutionary leader, exploring in particular the ways in which his...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (1 (58)): 1–16.
Published: 01 March 2019
... of merit in Haitian history for these observers was Toussaint Louverture, who, in stark opposition to Dessalines, evinced all the signs of successful statehood. Through examining the narratives developed around these two figures by the Haitian state and British observers, rival ideas of Haitian history...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (2): 209–216.
Published: 01 June 2007
..., or at least a report on reality: Isaac Louverture describes it in his memoirs. I began this work like a reasonably competent ship’s carpenter setting out to build, albeit of unfamiliar materials, a rowboat or coracle something like others he had built before. Twenty years later I find myself...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (3 (33)): 152–162.
Published: 01 November 2010
... Saint-Domingue, c’est étudier une des origins, une des sources, de l’actuelle civilisation occidentale. —Aimé Césaire, Toussaint Louverture “To study Saint-Domingue is to study one of the origins, one of the sources, of contemporary Western Civilization.”1 But in precisely what senses might...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2008) 12 (3 (27)): 1–13.
Published: 01 October 2008
...; 2003, the bicentenary of Toussaint Louverture’s death; 2007, the abolition of the slave trade in the British empire . . . Together with 1998, the sesquicen- tenary of the (second) abolition of slavery in the French colonial empire, these interwoven commemorative moments have ensured that slavery...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (3 (60)): 87–103.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Raj Chetty This essay approaches the stage versions of Toussaint Louverture (1934) and The Black Jacobins (1967), first, to emphasize the role of C. L. R. James’s collaborations in the creation of the plays, and second, to argue that the latter version of the play presents a radical feminism...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2008) 12 (3 (27)): 14–31.
Published: 01 October 2008
... Revolutionaries—not just Toussaint Louverture but also, as Carolyn Fick has demonstrated, the whole multitude of Haitian slaves—fought to institute an emancipatory social structure that would allow for 1. “Bossale” refers to the slaves of Saint-Domingue born in Africa and subsequently brought by force...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (3 (45)): 35–51.
Published: 01 November 2014
... of striving and a longing for overcoming can be told. After all, part of the way universal history works in The Black Jacobins is through James's heroic figuration of Toussaint Louverture. What is at stake for James in this figuration? What conceptual-political labor does it perform? I think that answering...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 16–23.
Published: 01 September 2005
..., Small Axe 18, September 2005: pp. 16–23 ISSN 0799-0537 “Th ey have cut down the tree of peace but it will grow again”—a near repeat of the very words Toussaint Louverture spoke when he was kidnapped by General Leclerc in 1803? Did not Prime Minister Latortue, in a moment of Dessalinian fervor...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2013) 17 (3 (42)): 203–212.
Published: 01 November 2013
... and color had paradoxically little choice but to begin their rule with despotic structures of governance. Toussaint Louverture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Henri Christophe, and Alexandre Pétion were all archetypes of a form of despotic messianic rule, which lacked the administrative capacity and reach...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): v–vii.
Published: 01 September 2005
..., for they are deep and numerous.) —Toussaint Louverture, 1802 Dans l’ombre de Toussaint Louverture, le genie de la race, je déclare qu’en me renversant on n’a abattu que le tronc de l’arbre de la paix; il repoussera par les racines parce qu’elles sont louverturiennes...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): viii–xiii.
Published: 01 September 2005
..., for they are deep and numerous.) —Toussaint Louverture, 1802 Dans l’ombre de Toussaint Louverture, le genie de la race, je déclare qu’en me renversant on n’a abattu que le tronc de l’arbre de la paix; il repoussera par les racines parce qu’elles sont louverturiennes...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 1–15.
Published: 01 September 2005
... the free colored leaders who had been defeated by Toussaint Louverture and who had consequently been forced into exile in France. Following a switch of sides, whereby the mulatto leaders aligned themselves with the former slaves, the war of independence was won in Haiti...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2008) 12 (3 (27)): 175–178.
Published: 01 October 2008
..., the first of his trilogy on the Haitian Revolution, was published, fol- lowed by Master of the Crossroads (2000) and The Stone That the Builder Refused (2004). Most recently he is the author of the biography Toussaint Louverture: A Life (2007). Born and raised in Tennessee, he now lives in Baltimore...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 57–85.
Published: 01 September 2005
... are immensely more diffi cult to measure, yet are no less vibrant and real, precisely because culture “is elusive, fl uid, and ever-evolving.” “Can’t Stand Up for Falling Small Axe 18, September 2005: pp. 57–85 ISSN 0799-0537 Jean-François, Toussaint Louverture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Henri...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 109–123.
Published: 01 September 2005
...-imperialism and dictatorship, which was a signature of all early Haitian autocrats from Toussaint Louverture and Dessalines to Christophe. Baron de Vastey, the latter dictator’s state theoretician, propagated this mixture to the detriment of the French and the southern republicans...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2018) 22 (3 (57)): 28–36.
Published: 01 November 2018
... Martinique natale”; 13 the historian C. L. R. James describes Toussaint Louverture “comme le héros indépassable de l’histoire des Nègres,” arguing that for Louverture, Haiti “reste le pivot de l’humaine condition”; and, once again, Glissant, who evokes “cette héroïsation de la vie haïtienne.” 14 More...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (3 (33)): 1–20.
Published: 01 November 2010
... such as slavery and its heroes of resistance beyond the local and into more global contexts. Within the Caribbean context Glissant suggests “heroic crossings” that would allow historic figures such as Haitian ren- egade Toussaint Louverture to be revered as a symbol of heroic resistance in Martinique.24...