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independence

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Journal Article
Small Axe (2004) 8 (2): 154–169.
Published: 01 September 2004
...Carolyn Cooper Small Axe Incorporated 2004 Enslaved in Stereotype: Race and Representation in Post‐Independence Jamaica Carolyn Cooper Dat fi bruck up an dash weh.¹ —Taxi driver document here in chronological order my contribution to the local...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (1 (58)): 1–16.
Published: 01 March 2019
...Jack Daniel Webb This essay examines contests over Haitian history between Haitian state actors and British observers—such as diplomats, travel writers, and “journalists”—around the time of Haiti’s commemorations of the centenary of independence in 1904. This was a time for the Haitian people...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (3 (54)): 43–47.
Published: 01 November 2017
... of the making of a “modern” Jamaica has been crucial to a nationalist historiography—a paradigm that might be less cogent in the contemporary period. © Small Axe, Inc. 2017 1960s identity race independence These notes sketch, in a preliminary way, a gradually evolving project that literary...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (3 (54)): 48–62.
Published: 01 November 2017
... skepticism , which approached the absurdity of the current conjuncture by deploying critical distance to cast doubt on the past, the present, and the very idea of single-island sovereign futures. The author resituates this independence era's literature by identifying its multitudinous plotlines that included...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2021) 25 (1 (64)): 84–101.
Published: 01 March 2021
...Victoria J. Collis-Buthelezi; Aaron Kamugisha When South African–born Peter Abrahams moved to Jamaica in 1956, he thought he had found a racial paradise. Over the next six decades as a Jamaican, his understanding of race in Jamaica was complicated after independence. His last two novels...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (2 (53)): 184–192.
Published: 01 July 2017
... freedom and about politics in the Caribbean more broadly. The Caribbean region has been characterized as a place of political tragedy, in the wake of the repeated failures of revolutionary projects of national independence. Bonilla's ethnography of labor activism in Guadeloupe suggests that a different...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (3 (54)): 167–178.
Published: 01 November 2017
...Clinton Hutton Jamaica gained her independence from Britain in 1962, after 152 years of Spanish colonialism and 307 years of British colonial rule. The first independence government had to tackle the legacies of colonialism, which included more than 300 years of slavery. But the emerging political...
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Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (1): 112–134.
Published: 01 March 2009
... utilized by the newly independent country of Jamaica to authorize a new concept of the self that had been marginalized under colonial rule. As a new and different model of achievement, the local and mostly black “ancestral” heroic figures and their attending monuments served to instill a sense of pride...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (3 (30)): 25–36.
Published: 01 November 2009
... of slavery, 2004 was the 200 th anniversary of the Haitian Declaration of Independence and 2006 marked 60 years since Martinique and Guadeloupe became part of metropolitan France as overseas departments. French Caribbean writers have been vital to the public activities associated with remembrance of slavery...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (1 (52)): 169–179.
Published: 01 March 2017
.... In this essay, three different versions of the interrelation of identity and change are considered. In Glissant's 1981 Le discours antillais , the emphasis is on the conscious construction of a collective identity as a means of promoting the struggle for independence. In his texts of the 1990s, in contrast...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (2 (32)): 17–41.
Published: 01 July 2010
...Carter Mathes This article examines transnational circulations of Afro-Jamaican and African-American political culture during 1960s and 1970s (roughly encompassing Jamaican independence, the transitions between Black Power and post–Black-Power era United States, and the year of escalating political...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2011) 15 (3 (36)): 164–172.
Published: 01 November 2011
... in the transformation of Haitian society. This idea of a “new” Haiti, which is rooted in nineteenth- and twentieth-century independence struggles and political and economic challenges, resounds in the current postearthquake era. © Small Axe, Inc. 2011 To the “Sons” of Dessalines and of Pétion: Radicalism...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (2 (47)): 56–76.
Published: 01 July 2015
...James Robertson “Rewriting Dr. No ” reappraises the unexpected success of the first James Bond film and its depictions of colonial Jamaica just prior to independence. Recasting Ian Fleming's novel into a film prompted rewritings and alterations. Some reflect the transition to a script; others...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (3 (54)): 111–123.
Published: 01 November 2017
... and nation in independence through the national motto. It contends that an aspiration to brownness was embedded in the identity politics emerging therein, which served to obscure the racial order and maintain the subordinate place of blackness in postcolonial Jamaica. © Small Axe, Inc. 2017 Creole...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (3 (54)): 124–137.
Published: 01 November 2017
...Faith Smith This essay uses the discussion of Neville Dawes's The Last Enchantment and Beverley Manley's The Manley Memoirs to interrogate intimate scripts of the independence moment and to suggest that these confound accounts of the era as either radical or conservative. © Small Axe, Inc. 2017...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2018) 22 (1 (55)): 159–171.
Published: 01 March 2018
... registers across distinctive histories. Following Chude-Sokei’s engagement with Sylvia Wynter, the essay begins with the centrality of women’s engagements with technologies for mobility featured in African popular print magazines in the era of independence. Turning to a contemporaneous publication, Langston...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (3 (60)): 34–49.
Published: 01 November 2019
... inflected that music and to how that music inflected geopolitics. Reading the evolution of Jamaican music since independence, this essay reveals how the form of James’s novel replicates the spectral and shattered assemblages of dancehall music in order to borrow some of its fugitive, subaltern autonomy...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (3 (60)): 178–184.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Petal Samuel This review essay explores the extent to which the phenomenon of imperial “neglect” proposed in Christopher Taylor’s Empire of Neglect: The West Indies in the Wake of British Liberalism (2018) maintains saliency in the wake of national independence throughout the British Caribbean...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (1 (61)): 61–68.
Published: 01 March 2020
... of federation, particularly Richard B. Moore and George Padmore, developed their political perspectives through responses to the occupation. We can thus see the questioning of nation-state independence and the critique of neocolonialism (as a form of US economic imperialism allied with elites in the neocolony...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (2 (62)): 133–146.
Published: 01 July 2020
... as a resort paradise. This essay reveals how climate change, economic fragility, and uncertain sovereignty have collectively undermined Barbuda’s customary forms of independence, leaving dispossession in their wake. In March 2018, the Antiguan Parliament moved to repeal the land act altogether. Trevor...