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Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (3 (54)): 138–151.
Published: 01 November 2017
...Charles V. Carnegie In the late 1950s, a new business center was created in Jamaica's capital city, hastening the decline of its old downtown and coinciding with the emergence of elite suburbs. This essay explores the social significance of the development of this “New Kingston,” treating...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (3 (45)): 52–63.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Nadève Ménard French is usually referred to as an elite language in the context of Haiti. By contrast, Haitian Creole is acknowledged as the language of the people. In this essay, Nadève Ménard argues that it is crucial to move beyond this simplistic paradigm. While the Caribbean is generally...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2012) 16 (1 (37)): 168–177.
Published: 01 March 2012
...Nicholas Draper Written within the framework originally established by Eric Williams, Nick Draper's book The Price of Emancipation analyzes the £20 million compensation paid to slave owners by the British state in the 1830s, showing that 5 to 10 percent of the British elites of the time were...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (2 (2)): 132–141.
Published: 01 July 2019
... elite? Copyright © 2019 Small Axe, Inc. 2019 27 See Frank Bonilla, quoted in Torres-Saillant, Introduction to Dominican Blackness , 54. 26 Here I follow Ramírez’s definition of el monte as a territory that is “associated with blackness, indigeneity, and suspicious whiteness.” Dixa...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (1 (61)): 61–68.
Published: 01 March 2020
... of federation, particularly Richard B. Moore and George Padmore, developed their political perspectives through responses to the occupation. We can thus see the questioning of nation-state independence and the critique of neocolonialism (as a form of US economic imperialism allied with elites in the neocolony...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (3 (54)): 63–84.
Published: 01 November 2017
... of the colonial government, from racialist nuisance to the local elite to a primary threat to the security of the Jamaican state. The essay argues that a deeper understanding of the extent to which post-1952 US foreign policy shaped both local and colonial perceptions of people's struggles for sovereignty should...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (3 (54)): 167–178.
Published: 01 November 2017
... and economic elites almost immediately ran into a crisis in their approach to tackling these legacies in pursuit of development. This crisis expressed itself in several ways, and four are highlighted in a photo exhibition: the Coral Gardens Incident of 1963; the government bulldozing of Back-a-Wall and Shanty...
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Journal Article
Small Axe (2018) 22 (3 (57)): 105–114.
Published: 01 November 2018
... practices that shaped the texture of freedom. An engagement with travel narratives, specifically attentive to reading against the grain of elite mobilities, is proposed as a means through which to reveal the everyday negotiation of livelihoods. Offering the market as a case study, the essay argues...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (2 (44)): 80–94.
Published: 01 July 2014
.... First, it allows projections of elite Dominican nationalism to serve as synecdoche for popular thought. Second, privileging this anxious and divisive rhetoric forecloses study of the nation as an emancipated state, together with Haiti, in a hostile Atlantic. Common Dominicans had a keen sense...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (1): 135–156.
Published: 01 March 2009
..., these migrants brought with them a sense of dignity, `good grooming', aspiration and desires for social respectability as remnants of a `colonial time' as suggested by Richard Wilk. The front rooms they created when they eventually acquired homes was based on the Victorian parlour of the Caribbean colonial elite...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2011) 15 (2 (35)): 174–185.
Published: 01 July 2011
.... This essay argues that by obscuring the full range of Thomas' positions, which Smith's study so fully recuperates, and denigrating those same positions in Roach's work, which Breiner's study resuscitates, nationalist elites obfuscate their own connections to the full range of colonial and nationalist values...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (1 (31)): 30–45.
Published: 01 March 2010
...', are mobilized to market a variety of products and services, ranging from restaurants and hairstyles to candles, clothing and cosmetics. This reflects a move towards localism, environmentalism and ethics that is tied, somewhat paradoxically, to globalized identities, consumption and elite lifestyles. An initial...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (1 (31)): 60–78.
Published: 01 March 2010
... by the elite, acknowledged how effective their socially sanctioned, “primitive” physicalities were in inciting insubordination. Despite being abhorred by society, the jamette's legendary deeds became influential to the performance of contemporary women masqueraders. Finally, I theorize her movements, which I...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2008) 12 (3 (27)): 14–31.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Nick Nesbitt This article explores the conceptual problem of popular insurgency in Haitian revolutionary historiography. Framed by fundamental questions of legitimate versus illegitimate insurgency, of the relationship between the elites and the people, and of the process of democratization...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2007) 11 (1): 95–111.
Published: 01 February 2007
... upper middle class who together comprised the social and political elite that ruled Grenada during the 1950s. Gairy and his inner circle soon acquired significant political influence, and this led to the development of a new black upper middle class. It is this new class that spearheaded...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (1 (43)): 72–86.
Published: 01 March 2014
... a century, struggles began everywhere between European imperial powers or local elites, on the one hand, and freed people (and sometimes other nonelites), on the other, over land and labor but also over political rights. 25 While elites pointed to Haiti—and not least to the independence of its women...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2013) 17 (1 (40)): 7–21.
Published: 01 March 2013
... for the politicized elite feminine community the Ligue represented. She attended the Annexe de l'Ecole normale d'institutrices, an institution for the training of elementary school teachers, and received her teaching certificate in 1933 at the age of seventeen. 11 In the years following the completion of her...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2004) 8 (1 (15)): 106–122.
Published: 01 March 2004
... these migrants were proving important as additional sources of 12. Hintzen, “Cheddi Jagan” and P. C. Hintzen, “Afro-Creole Nationalism as Elite Domination: Th e English Speak- ing West Indies,” in Foreign Policy and the Black International Interest, ed. Charles P. Henry (New York: State University...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2008) 12 (1): 145–156.
Published: 01 February 2008
... and Bahamian tourist indus- try. She argues that beginning in the 1880s there was a self-conscious effort on the part of white elites, colonial officials, and members of the tourist industry to turn Jamaica and the Bahamas into tourist-friendly locations by making these places look as if they were...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (3 (54)): 152–166.
Published: 01 November 2017
... of anticipating an unknown future to come. Indeed, what Norris's Jamaica offered was a sharp challenge to the view, widespread among the white and brown elite, that Jamaica provided a model for colonies advancing toward independence. Jamaica, so the official narrative went, showed every positive sign...