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burnham

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Journal Article
Small Axe (2008) 12 (1): 93–104.
Published: 01 February 2008
... Relations with Independent Africa (ASCRIA), which was then loosely allied with the ruling People’s National Congress of Prime Minister Forbes Burnham. American officials described King as the “political boss of [the] tough African village of Buxton and [a] radical influence among some of Burnham’s...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2006) 10 (1): 28–58.
Published: 01 February 2006
..., and Venezuela (in the late 1960s and 1970s) as its object, this paper is about culture and the dynamism that exists for bringing us together and keeping us apart. After Guyana gained its independence from Great Britain in 1966, then Prime Minister and Peoples National Congress (PNC) leader Forbes Burnham...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2004) 8 (1 (15)): v–vii.
Published: 01 March 2004
... that appears to have surrounded the occasion. And understandably so. Because of course the conference was organized to coincide with, and therefore be an integral part of, the cel- ebrations marking the birth of Forbes Burnham’s Co-operative Republic (23 February 1970). If it was an altogether astonishing...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2004) 8 (1 (15)): 21–42.
Published: 01 March 2004
..., the governor, and the business community. Th e uncertainty extended to the inner councils of the PPP, as the opportunity to lead the new govern- ment unleashed a power struggle among its leaders—with Cheddi Jagan and Forbes Burnham as the major rivals. As the party moved to select its list...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2004) 8 (1 (15)): 123–217.
Published: 01 March 2004
... growing up in my mother’s and father’s household is that they really did know everybody. So in my household I would be in this other kind of confusion, but this confusion that excited me. Everybody would be there, ranging from Cheddi sometimes, certainly always Burnham, and the various writers...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2004) 8 (1 (15)): 63–81.
Published: 01 March 2004
... from the Afro-Indian violence of 1962, 1963, and 1964, and the rigged elections of 1968, set the stage for the political and social imperatives of the 1970s. Following the rise to power of Forbes Burnham’s PNC in 1965, the postcolonial state underwent democratic decline. Begin- ning...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2001) 5 (2): 21–40.
Published: 01 September 2001
... charged and highly rhetorical, not least because of the timing of the appearance of the book, which was the year that Jagan’s arch rival, Forbes Burnham, had been sworn in as the fi rst leader of a newly indepen- dent Guyana. Taking a position starkly opposite to Smith’s, Lewis criticizes Jagan...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (2 (62)): 110–121.
Published: 01 July 2020
... and Afro-Guyanese Forbes Burnham—established the People’s Progressive Party (PPP). As a radical class-based nationalist party, the PPP called for policies of anticapitalist development that would provide for all racial populations. This racially inclusive political platform, however, was short-lived...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (3 (72)): 177–193.
Published: 01 November 2023
... Walter Rodney would appear alongside the now Prime Minister Forbes Burnham and opposition leader Cheddi Jagan. 47 Foregrounding this context against the backdrop of Rodney’s 1963 critique of both political leaders makes his intervention even more pointed. In fact, he acknowledged his contribution...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2021) 25 (3 (66)): vii–x.
Published: 01 November 2021
... point, was closely aligned with the People’s National Congress, led by Forbes Burnham. Eventually, in the early 1970s, Kwayana broke with Burnham, and in 1974 he merged ASCRIA with other organizations (the Working People’s Vanguard Party, the Indian Political Revolutionary Associates, and Ratoon...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (3 (72)): 95–116.
Published: 01 November 2023
... his memory and presence were felt long after he returned to Guyana that summer. Political events in Guyana ensured this. In July, Rodney, along with other members of the Working People’s Alliance, were arrested and jailed for arson, accused of torching the offices of Burnham’s People’s National...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2006) 10 (2): 19–39.
Published: 01 June 2006
... as Guyana’s minister of information from 1967 to 1970 before resigning in protest of Forbes Burnham’s increasingly oppressive methods. See the published version of the lecture “A Free Community of Valid Persons,” in which Carter outlines his grievances against Burnham’s government in: Martin...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2004) 8 (1 (15)): 106–122.
Published: 01 March 2004
... that was organized around competing racial claims to the state. And, despite 28. C. Y. Th omas, “State Capitalism in Guyana: An Assessment of Burnham’s Cooperative Socialist Republic,” in Th emes in African-Guyanese History (Georgetown: Free Press, 1998), 371–402. 29. ASCRIA, “Statement...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (2 (44)): 72–79.
Published: 01 July 2014
... scholarship. 24 Michel-Rolph Trouillot, “The Caribbean Region: An Open Frontier in Anthropological Theory,” Annual Review of Anthropology 21 (1992): 19–42. 23 Thorald Burnham, “Immigration and Marriage in the Making of Post-independence Haiti” (PhD diss., York University, 2006). 22 Daniel...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (1): 1–18.
Published: 01 March 2009
... the obeah laws. In Guyana, despite Forbes Burnham’s 1973 announce- ment and widespread belief that the obeah laws had been repealed, I have been unable to find any record of an actual change in the law. The British dependencies of Anguilla, Montserrat, and the British Virgin Islands also...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2021) 25 (1 (64)): 47–60.
Published: 01 March 2021
... with the author, 20 August 2020. I am indebted to Meeks for these recollections. 2 For an account of the earlier Caribbean Writers and Artists Conference, hosted in February 1970 by Forbes Burnham in Guyana two years before the inaugural Carifesta, see Andrew Salkey, Georgetown Journal (London: New...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (3 (60)): 18–33.
Published: 01 November 2019
... the then socialist-leaning PPP, led by Cheddi Jagan, motivated the imperialist interventions of the United States and Britain through the initial support of the more conservative PNC leader Forbes Burnham. Burnham subsequently led a nearly three-decades-long political rule, amid allegations of electoral rigging...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (2 (44)): 158–164.
Published: 01 July 2014
... for it, really. There was, for example, the well-worn—although perhaps contextually apt then—joke about Burnham naming everything after himself and family, with the highway to Linden originally being slated to be christened “Viola's Passage.” One minute, I was impenetrable, nothing could touch me. The next...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (3 (72)): 194–202.
Published: 01 November 2023
... into a persistent wound in the national politics of Guyana after 1953, and yielded the terrible communal violence of the early 1960s as well as the fraudulent Burnham regime. A History of the Guyanese Working People, 1881–1905 (1980) is his attempt as a historian to show how race and class became entangled...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2002) 6 (2): 72–200.
Published: 01 September 2002
... Photograph byDavid Scott George Lamming, Atlantis, Barbados, August 18, 2000 was particularly evident—or particularly absurd—in Guyana in those darkening Forbes Burnham years of the cooperative 1970s, but as we were to learn soon enough in the rest of the region, that distinctive...