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Jean Bernabé

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Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 November 2013) 17 (3 (42)): 35–62.
Published: 01 November 2013
..., Chamoiseau and his fellow writers overhaul the form and stealthily undo assumptions about what the essay can or cannot accomplish. Through examples from Eloge de la créolité , by Chamoiseau, Jean Bernabé, and Raphaël Confiant; Edouard Glissant's Poétique de la Relation and Philosophie de la Relation ; and...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 November 2013) 17 (3 (42)): 89–99.
Published: 01 November 2013
... capturing the linguistic, cultural, and racial hybridity of créolité in literature. Confiant translates into fictional terms important precepts on Caribbean literary production set out in Eloge de la créolité , which Confiant wrote with Patrick Chamoiseau and Jean Bernabé. By transforming the aesthetic...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 March 2017) 21 (1 (52)): 164–168.
Published: 01 March 2017
..., Raphaël Confiant, and Jean Bernabé. Éloge de la créolité has been much discussed and critiqued in relation to Antillean politics and literature; its claim to replace essentialist racial identities with an ever-evolving diversalité has been disputed by a variety of other authors from the Caribbean and...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 March 2018) 22 (1 (55)): 89–102.
Published: 01 March 2018
...Nathalie Batraville L’intertextualité avec l’œuvre d’Aimé Césaire révèle combien Mûr à crever de Frankétienne se démarque de la vision culturalisante qui prévaut dans l’ Éloge de la créolité de Patrick Chamoiseau, Raphaël Confiant et Jean Bernabé. En comparant la relation entre esthétique et...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 November 2009) 13 (3 (30)): vii–x.
Published: 01 November 2009
... understandable enough elation in francophone Caribbean studies.1 It was something of an intellectual event. And rightly so. Striking a note of defiant provocation, the authors—Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau, and Raphaël Confiant—sought to reckon in a sympathetic yet critical way with the...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 March 2018) 22 (1 (55)): 86–88.
Published: 01 March 2018
... written by three French Caribbean intellectuals—Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau, and Raphaël Confiant—and published in Paris, however much its influence rippled through academic circles, somewhat in the wake of the rising visibility and influence of Édouard Glissant’s work. That the Éloge was before...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 March 2018) 22 (1 (55)): 126–136.
Published: 01 March 2018
... effets économiques de la départementalisation, adopte le mot d’ordre d’autonomie dans les années 1960. La créolité de Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau et Raphaël Confiant apparaît plus tardivement. Elle émerge au moment où les organisations indépendantistes, les associations de sauvegarde du patrimoine...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 March 2017) 21 (1 (52)): 220–232.
Published: 01 March 2017
... Éloge de la créolité (along with Jean Bernabé and Patrick Chamoiseau), claimed that the manifesto's key objective had been to “bring in the béké ,” that is, the white creole, the direct descendant of the European plantation owners in the Antilles. In a fairly rancorous account of the Éloge 's genesis...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 November 2015) 19 (3 (48)): 121–128.
Published: 01 November 2015
..., essentialist. But what needs to be added is, then, that its essentialism is also permanently self-deconstructing. 5 Césaire is often said to have adopted a philosophy of Negritude less essentialist than Senghor's. Thus Patrick Chamoiseau, Raphaël Confiant, and Jean Bernabé, in their 1989 manifesto In...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 March 2017) 21 (1 (52)): 199–210.
Published: 01 March 2017
... contrast in that it is confined almost exclusively to a (francophone) literary universe. 1 In addition, its authors—Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau, and Raphaël Confiant—fail to acknowledge the extent to which the issues they engage had been debated by other serious thinkers before them. They thus...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 March 2017) 21 (1 (52)): 169–179.
Published: 01 March 2017
....” 8 This emphasis on consciousness-raising finds a clear echo in Éloge de la créolité , published eight years later, in which, for example, the authors—Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau, and Raphaël Confiant—claim that “notre vision intérieure exercée, notre créolité mise comme centre de...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 November 2015) 19 (3 (48)): 86–90.
Published: 01 November 2015
...: Negritude as Creolization,” this issue of Small Axe , 124 (emphasis mine). 8 Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau, and Raphaël Confiant, Eloge de la créolité (Paris: Gallimard, 1989), 18. ...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 March 2018) 22 (1 (55)): 115–125.
Published: 01 March 2018
... identity politics in another direction. Copyright © 2018 Small Axe, Inc. 2016 creole identity francophone Caribbean narrative perspective animal studies ecopoetics Language has always been a central issue for critics of Éloge de la créolité . 1 Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau, and...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 September 2002) 6 (2): 1–24.
Published: 01 September 2002
..., Wilson Harris’s study of syncretism; Édouard Glissant’s Antillanité; the créolité of Jean Bernabé, Patrick Cham- oiseau, and Raphäel Confi ant; Antonio Benítez Rojo’s e Repeating Island; and Edward Kamau Brathwaite’s work on creolization.¹ Each articulation refers to a specifi c cultural 1...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 March 2018) 22 (1 (55)): 103–114.
Published: 01 March 2018
.... 2016 créolité Chamoiseau complexity Of the three authors of Éloge de la créolité , it is Patrick Chamoiseau who has most consistently formulated paradoxes and oxymorons and explored the complexity of créolité and creolization, who—whereas Raphaël Confiant and Jean Bernabé have usually...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 November 2016) 20 (3 (51)): 32–48.
Published: 01 November 2016
... across linguistic borders, which gets in the way of mutual knowledge or intellectual cross-fertilization. Many will recall that in 1989 Martinican writers Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau, and Raphaël Confiant put their pens together to compose Eloge de la créolité , a manifesto in which they announced...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 March 2017) 21 (1 (52)): 180–198.
Published: 01 March 2017
... cultural identity, also visible in Caribbean carnivals and in regional musical rhythms such as zouk. © Small Axe, Inc. 2017 carnival exchange identity zouk From the very moment of its publication in 1989, the Éloge de la créolité and its authors—Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau, and...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 November 2009) 13 (3 (30)): 105–114.
Published: 01 November 2009
... Dash (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1989), 64. 3 Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau, and Raphaël Confiant, Eloge de la créolité (Paris: Gallimard, 1989), 36–37. 4 Edouard Glissant, Le discours antillais (Paris: Gallimard, 1997), 14 (translation mine...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 November 2015) 19 (3 (48)): 91–101.
Published: 01 November 2015
... himself (Holy Spirit) as Negritude's Holy Trinity; colleagues and constituents fondly calling Aimé “Papa Césaire” in his later years; and créolistes Jean Bernabé, Patrick Chamoiseau, and Raphaël Confiant proudly declaring themselves “à jamais fils d'Aimé Césaire.” 1 Previously I have asked where one...
Journal Article
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (1 November 2018) 22 (3 (57)): 123–128.
Published: 01 November 2018
... its past with the present. Some of his compatriots who have been considered his disciples (particularly Raphaël Confiant, Jean Bernabé, and Patrick Chamoiseau) have undertaken to oppose this colonization by valorizing Creole as a written language—which it had never previously been. While stories...