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Haitian linguistic situation

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Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (3 (45)): 52–63.
Published: 01 November 2014
..., and monolingual. Further, defining the authentic Haitian as monolingual essentially perpetuates the denial of linguistic rights for the majority of the Haitian population. © Small Axe, Inc. 2014 Haiti Haitian literature Haitian linguistic situation monolingual Haitians Haitian readers While...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2010) 14 (3 (33)): 99–110.
Published: 01 November 2010
... production and consider alternative responses to the issues of belonging and cultural identity evoked in the manifesto. I note in particular the absence of Haitian Spiralist writers Frankétienne and Jean-Claude Fignolé from the list of signatories, arguing that the non-inclusion of these authors strikingly...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (3 (48)): 147–162.
Published: 01 November 2015
... situations where knowledge of local languages such as Caribbean Creoles is often dangerously lacking, but assistance can increasingly be provided via the application of new translation technologies and practices. 20 The Haitian earthquake reveals the risks of external intervention in situations where...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2008) 12 (3 (27)): 58–70.
Published: 01 October 2008
...: the spiral and quantum writing . ©2008 Small Axe Incorporated. All rights reserved. 2008 Haitian Revolutions in Literature: The Case of Linguistic and Visual Inventiveness in Frankétienne Rachel Douglas Ab s t r a c t : This article argues that there is a conspicuous lack...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2021) 25 (1 (64)): 132–154.
Published: 01 March 2021
... the Past , with a new foreword by Hazel V. Carby. On Haitian Creole, see also Albert Valdman, “The Linguistic Situation of Haiti,” in Charles Robert Foster and Albert Valdman, eds., Haiti Today and Tomorrow: An Interdisciplinary Study (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1984), 77–99. 7 See...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (1 (58)): 35–50.
Published: 01 March 2019
... Dominican-Haitian relations within a narrative of eternal competition—cockfighting—over the island reflective of nationalist historiography, 3 Eugenio Matibag’s Haitian-Dominican Counterpoint: Nation, Race, and State in Hispaniola situates Dominican nation-state formation and the Haitian other within...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (2 (47)): 85–93.
Published: 01 July 2015
..., for the black, and for the other to coexist. © Small Axe, Inc. 2015 disidentification anti-Haitianism Latinidad Latina/o performance Dominicanidad In thinking through José E. Muñoz's influence on hispanophone Caribbean studies, I am immediately brought to a moment we shared at a brunch prior...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (1 (43)): 1–6.
Published: 01 March 2014
.... This situation of imperial tutelage is precisely where Haiti now finds itself. The 2004 coup was followed by military occupation under the direction of the UN Stabilisation Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). The Haitian National Police and MINUSTAH have suppressed Haiti's popular democratic movement. 12 In the wake...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2016) 20 (1 (49)): 18–36.
Published: 01 March 2016
... accidentally, in a French diplomatic archive, as a record of a moment in Haitian political life, is also very significant, both in terms of the linguistic insight the songs can offer into the development of spoken (and sung) Creole and their rare window onto historic popular participation in the political...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Small Axe (2019) 23 (1 (58)): 208–219.
Published: 01 March 2019
... linguistic or European colonial boundaries. Freedom’s Mirror exposes how profoundly the history of the Haitian Revolution shaped the nature of nineteenth-century Cuban slave society, in ways more political, more cultural, and more important than the obvious economic fact of slave-grown sugar from Cuba...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 189–201.
Published: 01 September 2005
.... It was necessary for Haitian authors to take a look at themselves because there was a strange situation in that behind all this historical literature, there was a backdrop of Romantic and French literature. Th ere was Jules Solime Milscent,³ who wrote a lot at the time on the reading of La...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2011) 15 (3 (36)): 39–61.
Published: 01 November 2011
... written that Danticat’s narratives are “monuments to life, resistance, and survival,” transnational sites of memory in which Haitians at home and in the dyaspora can remain hopeful for a country that, despite its desperate social situation and the extremely negative media...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 24–39.
Published: 01 September 2005
...Marie-Agnès Sourieau Small Axe Incorporated 2005 Dessalines in Historic Drama and Haitian Contemporary Reality Marie-Agnès Sourieau Qui donc ira jeter des fl eurs Au Pont Rouge A Vertières Au Champ de Mars Les off randes coulées dans la honte Blessent...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2021) 25 (3 (66)): 160–165.
Published: 01 November 2021
... for abolition and independence as a relationship of equivalence with the history of Haiti, situating the Haitian people—or to be more precise, the nation’s political elite—as enlightened subjects of liberation who, because of their status, were well-positioned to lead the fight against imperialism: “Therefore...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2012) 16 (3 39): 199–207.
Published: 01 November 2012
... on a concomitant notion of the Haitian people's endless capacity for suffering. Furthering the trope of Haitian resilience, this narrative functions in tandem with that of Haitian barbarism, situating the country and its populace in a space—a state?—of exception; it subtly disables true empathy, so allowing...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2005) 9 (2): 150–170.
Published: 01 September 2005
..., the suppression of the impact of the Haitian Revolution from historical memory was also accompanied by a proliferation of negative reports in the Western press. Disparaging accounts by nineteenth-century European and North American observers, travelers, and diplomats portrayed the black republic as a land...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2008) 12 (3 (27)): 142–150.
Published: 01 October 2008
... ethnically diverse black diasporic communities while traversing generation lines through the assistance of first- generation Haitians whose knowledge of and connection to Haiti is not limited to Vodou. One of the striking aspects of Continental Shifts is that it situates Duval...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (3 (45)): 35–51.
Published: 01 November 2014
... powers to the Haitian situation. Haitian exceptionalism functions to obscure Haiti's integration into a world dominated by Christianity, capitalism, and whiteness. The more Haiti appears weird, the easier it is to forget that it represents the longest neocolonial experiment in the history of the West...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2012) 16 (3 39): 188–198.
Published: 01 November 2012
... the Etonnants voyageurs roster of Haitian stars. These same Haitian writers were called on to act as extra-literary mediators and mediagenic intelligent commentators for Haiti in numerous French newspapers at the beginning of 2010. This situation really exposed, I would argue, how French...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2013) 17 (3 (42)): 85–88.
Published: 01 November 2013
... There are six “official” languages in the Caribbean––English, French, Spanish, Dutch, Haitian Creole, and Papiamento—as well as several local creoles and patois and a few remaining indigenous languages. 4 Frantz Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks , trans. Charles Lam Markmann (New York: Grove, 1967), 38...