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Creole language

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Journal Article
Small Axe (2018) 22 (1 (55)): 103–114.
Published: 01 March 2018
...Dominique Chancé This essay discusses Éloge de la créolité and Patrick Chamoiseau’s novels and later texts, arguing that créolité , or creoleness, is far more complex and ambiguous than its critics have hitherto assumed. It is not confined to the Creole language but can be expressed in French...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2016) 20 (1 (49)): 18–36.
Published: 01 March 2016
...Kate Hodgson “Certain songs have the power to overthrow a government,” Haitian president and musician Michel Martelly remarked on the eve of Carnival 2013, evoking a long-standing tradition of musical dissent in Haitian politics. The historic role of popular Creole-language songs in the political...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (3 (72)): 226–236.
Published: 01 November 2023
... in the anglophone context. The lively, well-written book reveals how multiple constituencies have contributed culturally to the unique Caribbean language variants that refashioned the English language and enriched global literature. smnair@umich.edu Edmondson Belinda , Creole Noise: Early Caribbean...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (3 (45)): 90–106.
Published: 01 November 2014
... which literary expression negotiates between the primary languages of the region. In reading for the translative, writing that works between vernaculars or Creoles and dominant European languages, we can identify a distinctly Caribbean mode of expression. In this essay, translative analyses of Derek...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (3 (72)): 246–253.
Published: 01 November 2023
...Barbara Lalla This essay reviews Belinda Edmondson’s literary yet cross-disciplinary study Creole Noise: Early Caribbean Dialect Literature and Performance (2022), which questions the Blackness of orality versus the Whiteness of narrative in the growth of Caribbean literature. Caribbean language...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (1 (61)): 11–21.
Published: 01 March 2020
... offers potential critical tools to investigate the region’s linguistic variability. However, European-focused scholarship prioritizes a national focus that cannot account for the complex relationships between colonial languages and Caribbean Creoles. This essay considers three works from the Dominican...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (3 (72)): 237–245.
Published: 01 November 2023
..., to the transcriptions and parodies of White Caribbean elites, and to the increasing use in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries of Creole by Brown and Black Caribbean writers and performers. Slowly, the language shifted from being a marker of cultural inferiority to a medium for signaling cultural authenticity...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (3 (45)): 52–63.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Nadève Ménard French is usually referred to as an elite language in the context of Haiti. By contrast, Haitian Creole is acknowledged as the language of the people. In this essay, Nadève Ménard argues that it is crucial to move beyond this simplistic paradigm. While the Caribbean is generally...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2014) 18 (3 (45)): 107–114.
Published: 01 November 2014
... it has a chance to potentially grow within us. © Small Axe, Inc. 2014 Creole language poetry Monchoachi word and world Little translated himself, Martinican poet Monchoachi has consistently privileged the thought of language(s) in both his poetry and prose. An author whose use...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2020) 24 (2 (62)): 17–34.
Published: 01 July 2020
...). 17 Dionne Brand, No Language Is Neutral (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1990), 23. 18 In linguistics, creole languages are defined as contact languages, that is, languages that are formed in situations where a community does not have a shared language. The archetypal example of creole...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2009) 13 (3 (30)): 74–83.
Published: 01 November 2009
... these multiple processes of cultural emergence. And when you looked closely, it became clear that Africa had drifted into a number of other presences, so the term creolization was invented to describe this process. The emergence of the Creole language, which was a cultural emergence, proved...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (3 (72)): 254–262.
Published: 01 November 2023
... to the present. It puts into conversation related progressive concepts of Creole, such as Kamau Brathwaite’s formulation of nation language, with early racist ventriloquist Creole narratives by White creoles in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It does so as a way of disentangling what we mean when we...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2013) 17 (3 (42)): 113–124.
Published: 01 November 2013
... between languages and cultural representations. Rather than aiming at representing creole cultural phenomena through a particular use of language, Césaire aims at connecting writing to the movement of the bus passing through the Martinican country: 29 “ The sentence, forgetting, ruptures, stretches...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2011) 15 (2 (35)): 186–196.
Published: 01 July 2011
... • DOI 10.1215/07990537-1334167 © Small Axe, Inc. 35 • July 2011 • Ifeoma Kiddoe Nwankwo  |  187 natural association of Creole languages with “folk” or working class “authenticity”—might appear from the vantage point...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2013) 17 (3 (42)): 89–99.
Published: 01 November 2013
... of which more or less explicitly recur throughout Confiant's fiction) is thoroughly interdisciplinary and does more than creatively and playfully experiment with new conceptions of language politics. Allegory in the creole novel thus allows for and facilitates the mutual translatability of the ethnographic...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2006) 10 (3): 70–86.
Published: 01 October 2006
..., in the built environ- ment, the evolution of language, and other aspects of Creole culture. In Martinique, Patrick Chamoiseau describes the architecture of a maison créole as the result of colonial adaptation to the region’s heat, rain, and winds.17 Thus, geography, weather, and landscape...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2015) 19 (3 (48)): 121–128.
Published: 01 November 2015
... coauthor Confiant who decided to go for the concept of créolité (creoleness). 10 By choosing to turn créole into the substantive créolité , notes Chamoiseau, Confiant was transforming his militancy for the Creole language into a quest for identity. Ultimately, and not so paradoxically...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (1 (52)): 199–210.
Published: 01 March 2017
... West Indian islands insupportable for all but the francophile.” 28 Like the élogistes ' efforts to promote Créole, Wie Eegie Sanie's efforts to promote Sranantongo, their own creole language, led to a blossoming of literature in that language—everything from poetry and folklore to songs...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2017) 21 (1 (52)): 180–198.
Published: 01 March 2017
... acts of musical creolization. 50 Clearly, Kassav's basic strategy, as Berrian writes in Awakening Spaces , was to articulate the links between music, language, ethnocultural belonging, and cultural identity: The founders of Kassav' set forth to create an optimistic Creole space and simultaneously...
Journal Article
Small Axe (2023) 27 (2 (71)): 72–74.
Published: 01 July 2023
... and their early environment. They had come from a continent with rich histories. They brought with them memories of culture, albeit fragmented, and voices in languages that were to be the structural basis for new languages whose lexicons were words the master used to label the various landscapes—the Creole...