This essay proposes that Deborah Thomas's key contribution in Exceptional Violence is not so much the book's rethinking of violence and citizenship (as Thomas suggests) but rather its innovative examination of Rastafari thought and the implications for the idea of freedom. The essay presents two orders of Rastafari discourse, four distinguishing features of Thomas's framework within the second order, a constructive critique of Thomas's argument, and an account of the significance of Thomas's work in late modernity.

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