This review essay examines six monographs dealing with the history and present conditions of blacks in Europe. It argues that the recent surge in interest in black European history arises both from more diasporic conceptions of blackness in general, and from more inclusive ideas about European history. In both cases a new emphasis on transnational history has been key to this field. The article examines two books that deal with Britain, two on France, and two on Germany. It finds that some key themes unite these readings at the same time that national differences remain important.