Cathy N. Davidson analyzes new directions in higher education in light of both online learning, peer-to-peer, and connectivist methods of learning and the topdown, hierarchical, centralized online education being promoted by massive open online courses (MOOCs) emanating from a few elite universities and corporate funders. In light of the capacities of the World Wide Web, which allows for participation, collaboration, and self-publication without the intervention of an editor or a publisher, the recentralizing of learning in MOOCs seems more in keeping with nineteenth-century forms of siloed education designed for the Taylorized industrial era than for the current era. We need new and better paradigms for shifting the assumptions of higher education.

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