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twentieth century

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Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (2): 225–267.
Published: 01 May 2013
... perspective in understanding the distinctive local developments of modernity and postmodernity worldwide. This issue focuses on twentieth-century Japan to examine some critical issues concerning collectivism and art, including the impetuses and origins of collectivism, the evolution of modern and contemporary...
Journal Article
positions (2014) 22 (1): 103–130.
Published: 01 February 2014
.... This essay claims, however, that Tears of Blood sets the dominant paradigm of the genre as early twentieth-century domestic fiction. The women-centered narratives of new fiction show the uneasy ways in which male Korean intellectuals coped with the question of how to imagine women as “citizens” of the nation...
Journal Article
positions (2007) 15 (3): 580–608.
Published: 01 August 2007
.... Gerald Fabian and Guy Wernham, illus. Nemi Frost [San Francisco: Alamo Square, 1991 Courtesy of Bert Herrman and Alamo Square Press Performers of the Paternal Past: History, Female Impersonators, and Twentieth-Century Chinese Fiction Ta-wei Chi In Emerging from...
Journal Article
positions (2020) 28 (1): 19–64.
Published: 01 February 2020
...Julia F. Andrews This article is a reflection on two intersecting themes, the rise of women as artists and as female subjects for art, in the context of the evolving status of women in twentieth-century China. Set in the context of the nascent modern education for women and the emergence...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (2): 555–582.
Published: 01 May 2016
... against which Thai nationalism was to be defined and developed. The situation of the ethnic Chinese was not unlike the unfortunate position the Jewish Diaspora found themselves in in Europe in the late nineteenth century to early twentieth century. This line of explanation, however, is not only outdated...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (1): 115–119.
Published: 01 February 2015
...James L. Hevia The Visualizing Culture controversy demonstrated the ongoing struggle in East Asia over the meaning of the twentieth-century conflicts between Japan and neighboring countries. Critics demanded that the images of Japanese and Qing soldiers required narrative context, but narratives...
Journal Article
positions (2014) 22 (3): 691–720.
Published: 01 August 2014
...Zhu Xiaoyang Taking a topographical approach, this article provides an account of social change in the village of Xiaocun in Yunnan since the early twentieth century. For a century, the villagers have dwelled in the local environment, both changing and creating the village landscape. This article...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (1): 15–39.
Published: 01 February 2015
...Benjamin A. Elman The “rise of China” narrative in the twenty-first century is replacing the long-standing “rise of Japan” story line of the twentieth century. This article examines the role of wars in redirecting public opinion and, in particular, the effect of the 1894–95 war in refracting Qing...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (4): 839–873.
Published: 01 November 2016
...Sidney Xu Lu This article examines campaigns aimed at abolishing Japanese overseas prostitution in Manchuria and North America during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, focusing on the ideologies and practices of Japanese middle-class abolitionists. It argues that campaigns...
Journal Article
positions (2010) 18 (3): 599–631.
Published: 01 August 2010
... a functional equivalence between Chinese civilization and that of the West. This essay examines the genealogy of this claim by situating Liang's work in relation to nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century practices of architectural photography. It argues that colonial photographs of Chinese architectural...
Journal Article
positions (2011) 19 (2): 307–334.
Published: 01 May 2011
... of late-twentieth-century capital accumulation. Copyright 2011 by Duke University Press 2011 The Time of Poverty and the Image of Refusal Ryan Canlas At the heart of Masakit sa mata (Eyesores) are two interrelated problems that have vexed critics...
Journal Article
positions (2011) 19 (1): 83–107.
Published: 01 February 2011
...Richard Reitan In early twentieth-century Japan, educators, journalists, and government bureaucrats debated the “proper” roles for women in society. They approached this “woman problem” as a struggle between two competing moral ideals for women: the “good wife/wise mother” and the “new woman...
Journal Article
positions (2011) 19 (1): 55–82.
Published: 01 February 2011
...Lisa Claypool This paper explores the uneasy position of painting in an early twentieth-century Shanghai publication, the National Essence Journal ( Guocui xuebao , 1905–11), published by the prominent and influential Society for Preservation of National Learning (Guoxue baocunhui). The publication...
Journal Article
positions (2012) 20 (1): 211–239.
Published: 01 February 2012
...Tina Mai Chen This article inquires into how “the personal” assumes specific positions relative to truth claims constitutive of twentieth-century national and international documentary systems. It analyzes migration of those identified as Chinese in and out of Burma during the late 1930s and 1940s...
Journal Article
positions (2012) 20 (2): 629–656.
Published: 01 May 2012
... reenact the divide between Keynesian economics and monetarism that has structured twentieth-century approaches to economics. What both narratives leave unaddressed, however, is how price instability and monetary restructuring are understood within specific economic cultures. In Vietnam, many people rely...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (2): 269–308.
Published: 01 May 2013
...John Szostak In this essay, I examine Nihonga exhibition collectives in early twentieth-century Japan, focusing on two central questions: what effect did they have on discourse regarding the practice and exhibition of Nihonga painting, and how did artists' affiliation with successful exhibition...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (3): 497–546.
Published: 01 August 2013
...Philippe Peycam A public political sphere, to exist, requires the convergence of phenomena primarily of socioeconomic and cultural nature. In early twentieth-century southern Vietnam, the emergence of new socially, economically, and culturally determined categories among the indigenous population...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (2): 451–473.
Published: 01 May 2013
...Alicia Volk This essay addresses the problematic notion of the “avant-garde” in the context of Japanese modern art. It looks at the formation in 1907 of the national salon, the Bunten, to elucidate the relational dynamics of art organizations in early twentieth-century Japan, especially during...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (3): 755–759.
Published: 01 August 2013
..., her acting was said to remind some — critics and Kabuki actors — of “women actors,” that is, female Kabuki actors around the beginning of the twentieth century. They were trained in Kabuki acting, used the same acting techniques as that of male Kabuki actors, and were evaluated by the same criteria...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (4): 921–945.
Published: 01 November 2013
... scholars of China view twentieth-century history as a unilinear succession of nation-states that, regardless of ideological affiliation, destroyed pluralistic local particularities and everyday idiosyncrasies in favor of national unity and industrial productivity. The communist movement is, according...