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state policy

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Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (2): 317–347.
Published: 01 May 2015
..., and postcolonial state culture. We show that, despite the widely held view that Ilminchuŭi, the official state policy of the Syngman Rhee regime, was a fascist ideology, it was in fact developed from anticolonial ethnic discourses in Korea. In addition, despite its alleged “nationalist democracy,” Ilminchuŭi...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (2): 555–582.
Published: 01 May 2016
... relationship with the ethnic Chinese community was more a class issue than a matter of ethnicity and, perhaps more interesting, the state's policy toward the ethnic Chinese changed very little despite the transformation of the state from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy through the People's...
Journal Article
positions (2024) 32 (1): 171–189.
Published: 01 February 2024
... centers. With an analysis of the two local Sister Goddess troupes and their competing claims to authority and authenticity, interactions with the local government, manipulation of state policies, and engagement with the global world, it sheds light on how people incorporate merit, karma, profit, power...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (4): 885–919.
Published: 01 November 2013
..., a tourist area, as an example to show how national cultural policy and global IPR overlap in the local economy. I also demonstrate how this history escapes Aihwa Ong's theorization of “exception,” as the related global and state interests converge not at areas of exception but at the heart of numerous local...
Journal Article
positions (2010) 18 (1): 253–277.
Published: 01 February 2010
... as the answer to the second. This essay maintains, however, that local state actors played the central and effectively centralizing role in informatization ( xinxihua ) projects in Nanhai City, Guangdong province. Through local e-government projects and a series of policies regarding land use, financing...
Journal Article
positions (2020) 28 (3): 631–657.
Published: 01 August 2020
...-down, often paternalistic measures, such policies were carried out ostensibly to elevate women’s status as a form of state feminism professing equality for the sexes. Comparing North Korea with China, this article explores how communist feminisms attempted to tackle the dilemma of sexual difference...
Journal Article
positions (2017) 25 (4): 795–820.
Published: 01 November 2017
... of policing the boundaries of the state body via policing women's bodies, especially their reproductive capabilities. Copyright 2017 by Duke University Press 2017 citizenship gender gender discrimination state policy nationalism Hindu nationalism Nepal References Adhikari Prakash...
Journal Article
positions (2018) 26 (4): 619–646.
Published: 01 November 2018
... alienation, started to call for a simple life insurance for the lower classes. Influenced by European social insurance programs, these reformers advocated for a state-run system that would function as a kind of social policy that would improve the lives of the poor. Advocates argued that the universalizing...
Journal Article
positions (2010) 18 (1): 89–143.
Published: 01 February 2010
... back its actions, including its Kashmir policy and attendant wars with Pakistan.82 The Dalai Lama’s only sharp criticism of the United States has concerned India’s interests: he has said the “U.S. attitude towards Pakistan is a disgrace.”83 He...
Journal Article
positions (2019) 27 (4): 739–771.
Published: 01 November 2019
... and planned cultural conversion of Uighurs. Second generation thinkers argue that state policies, includ- ing monolingual and patriotic education, must be consciously planned to produce immediate minority identification with Zhonghua minzu (the Chinese nation). Only then can China progress from a backward...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (2): 349–365.
Published: 01 May 2015
...John Whittier Treat Pinkwashing and homonationalism are recent terms coined to describe the identification of sexual minorities with the neoliberal state; the former is usually used to critique certain policies within the State of Israel meant to promote its society as tolerant of diversity...
Journal Article
positions (2014) 22 (1): 203–236.
Published: 01 February 2014
..., thus exacerbating human rights in Darfur. Second, it examines how China offered a traditional Confucian concept of “harmonious society” as a theory of international relations that stresses nation-state sovereignty or privacy (China's nominal policy of noninterference) and mutual economic development...
Journal Article
positions (2009) 17 (2): 261–287.
Published: 01 May 2009
... event triggered by Yoshinori Kobayashi's graphic history On Taiwan , (Shin G manism Sengen Supesharu—Taiwan Ron) which appeared in 2001, and the discourse of self-effacement and self-abjection present in many literary texts, cultural policies, and public opinions during the Japanese colonial period, I...
Journal Article
positions (2012) 20 (1): 211–239.
Published: 01 February 2012
... a layered inscription of citizenship, loyalty, and labor via “the personal” formed the basic structure of meaning mobilized in identification documents. It traces the specific ways in which this emerged around practices and policies developed to monitor and control Chinese migration within the Burma-China...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (2): 309–350.
Published: 01 May 2013
... mobilization policy of women in the wartime period. By the time of the Sino-­Japanese War, the state had realized the importance of women’s cooperation in the war effort at home and endeavored to integrate women leaders into the mobilization structure...
Journal Article
positions (2019) 27 (1): 115–144.
Published: 01 February 2019
... the discourses of Marx and Foucault and revolves around the concept of “aleatory.” The second section investigates three aspects of Foucault’s analysis of biopolitics: race war, circulation, and competition/interest/social policy. The author argues that this is the area in which Marx and Foucault converge, where...
Journal Article
positions (2020) 28 (4): 756–788.
Published: 01 November 2020
... to the commune s policy called Sanbuyao Sanbushao (Three No Needs Three No Decreases). This meant that Dazhai did not ask for three common forms of aid from the state relief funds, relief food supplies, and relief goods and did not decrease its pro- duction of three types of goods the state s allotment...
Journal Article
positions (2023) 31 (3): 597–622.
Published: 01 August 2023
... (Davies 2008 ) and only a month after South Korea signed the 1951 UN Convention on Refugees. By the late 1980s, a concern was raised that resettlement policy itself was a pull factor for more Vietnamese to risk their lives to leave Vietnam. Western states had slowed down the resettlement intake...
Journal Article
positions (1999) 7 (2): 271–275.
Published: 01 May 1999
... focus on them erases the activities of the Chinese state. Decentralized Chinese state policy favors the economics of tourism and thus rests its modernization schemes on making sure it retains the key attraction, which is to say, ethnic...
Journal Article
positions (2006) 14 (1): 37–66.
Published: 01 February 2006
... of their protectionist economies and establish neoliberal state policies. As a condition for receiving IMF bailout funds, the South Korean gov- ernment agreed to restructure its economic and financial systems along lib- eral free market lines. These measures...