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reproductive labor

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Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (1): 45–69.
Published: 01 February 2016
.... They simultaneously raise critical questions about why some intimate and reproductive activities are considered “work” while others are not. These intersections are especially pertinent for understanding the construction of less-valued forms of immaterial labor that have been largely overlooked by...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (3): 487–513.
Published: 01 August 2015
.../reproductive labor. Second, this essay conceptualizes the net idols' production of cute culture as emotional labor and claims that the digital media economy has effectively expanded the practices through which value is extracted from women's unwaged labor far beyond the domestic sphere. Third, it demonstrates...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (1): 1–15.
Published: 01 February 2016
... economic institutions that market the intimacies of affect, care, reproduction, and sex. These industries include surrogacy clinics, bridal photography studios, ecotourism sites, and among others, overseas call centers. The article maps the types of labor that intimate industries create, the types of...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (3): 411–435.
Published: 01 August 2015
... Chinese working class, the majority of whom are young migrant laborers. The authors claim that in China the state played a significant role in accelerating global capital accumulation. The authors hope to make sense of the way that a state-capital alliance is shaping a new form of labor recruitment and...
Journal Article
positions (2020) 28 (2): 311–339.
Published: 01 May 2020
...Soo Ryon Yoon This article traces eight performers from Burkina Faso, who in 2014 protested unfair labor practices at the Africa Museum of Original Art in South Korea, where they had been hired to perform. In the process, they demonstrated political and artistic endeavors in live concerts and dance...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (4): 987–1018.
Published: 01 November 2013
... unspectacularly undertaken in sites that are ethnically and temporally local. Copyright 2013 by Duke University Press 2013 Listening as a Labor of Love: Commerce, Community, and Little Saigon Radio Minh-­Ha T. Pham On Saturday, June 13, 2009, from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m., this is what...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (1): 17–43.
Published: 01 February 2016
... contradistinction to the public, the authors join scholarly conversations that trace how relations of intimacy are constructed through processes of labor. This analysis of intimate encounters and affective labor draws upon several years of intensive ethnographic field research in call centers in the southern Indian...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (3): 381–409.
Published: 01 August 2015
... While we draw inspiration from Hardt’s analysis, we highlight that emotional labor also participates in the production and positions 23:3  August 2015 396 reproduction of life. In our view, it is not biopolitical...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (3): 515–543.
Published: 01 August 2015
... exist. In this way, the dichotomies posed by classic Marxism in terms of production and the extraction of surplus value — that is, the binary catego- ries of production versus reproduction, life versus work, waged labor ver- sus unwaged labor...
Journal Article
positions (1996) 4 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 February 1996
...Ellen Schattschneider Copyright © 1996 by Duke University Press 1996 The labor of Mountains Ellen Schattschneider A Juxtaposition: From Mountain Shrine to Electronic ”Earth Village“ Gathered in a dark corner of the great shinden (Inner Sanctuary) of Akakura...
Journal Article
positions (1997) 5 (2): 403–437.
Published: 01 May 1997
...Laura Hyun Yi Kang Si(gh)ting Asian/American Women As Transnational labor Laura Hyun Yi Kang Her hands grasping two pairs of tweezers occupy the center of the black- and-white photograph; they cover up any distinguishable facial features...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (1): 129–154.
Published: 01 February 2016
... Western evangelical Christians that cared for special needs youth. In these homes, intimate reproductive and emotional labor practices that were inspired by first-world understandings of care “revalued” marginalized children and prepared them for middle-class lives abroad. The global humanitarian aid...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (2): 369–401.
Published: 01 May 2016
... cycle of femininity in urban, late-modern commodity culture. Positioned between “girl (student)” (女生) and “respectable (married) woman” (婦女) or “mama” (媽媽), the qingshounü is defined by her spending power, her relative independence from the burdens of reproductive and domestic labor, and her focus on...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (1): 303–332.
Published: 01 February 2016
... “intimate indus- try,” extending Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri’s concept of “immaterial labor” to include the intimate labor that sustains assisted reproduction.3 I use the term intimate industry to refer to intertwined actions that foster inti...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (4): 807–835.
Published: 01 November 2015
...” 819 “transnational adoption is fundamentally about women’s bodies and their reproductive labor, about the social and economic value not only of children but also of maternity.” She asks, “What does it mean that the mother must...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (1): 281–302.
Published: 01 February 2016
... the second concern: what becomes of the surrogate mother and her intimate labors in making that embryo into a baby, in market-­ driven, cross-­border reproductive care? In this article, I look specifically at the tensions in the market between...
Journal Article
positions (2011) 19 (2): 257–280.
Published: 01 May 2011
... were once perceived as semiautonomous — the market and the home, production and social/sexual reproduction. The reproduction of actual laboring bodies has been the most successful yet per- haps still under-­recognized entrepreneurial...
Journal Article
positions (2011) 19 (2): 551–579.
Published: 01 May 2011
... clarified that “the concept of socially nec- essary labor is based on an identification of subsistence and reproduction. Necessary labor is the amount of labor required on the worker to ‘repro- duce’ himself in order to remain optimally useful for...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (1): 155–177.
Published: 01 February 2016
... women flock to retail beauty counters where they consult with cosmetics sales agents about how to best enhance their appearance so as to ensure their place in the labor market. This research examines the workers of China's beauty economy through a case study of rural migrant cosmetics sales...
Journal Article
positions (2014) 22 (4): 809–836.
Published: 01 November 2014
... plan that must depend on the spontaneous acts of individual workers. Similarly, vinalon is both the object of labor and its cause, supporting the ideology of work whose aim is not so much the satisfaction of need but the reproduction of work...