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Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (4): 885–919.
Published: 01 November 2013
...Laikwan Pang In this article I first relate and analyze the overall development of cultural policy and the intellectual property rights (IPR) legal structure in China, in order to show how China's policy and its legal environment increasingly adapt to global conditions. I then use Lijiang...
Journal Article
positions (2014) 22 (4): 837–875.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Laikwan Pang Exploring the visual representations of the barefoot doctors in China's Cultural Revolution, this article demonstrates how a medical policy is visualized and politicized, and it also shows how the visual culture of the time was richer than it has been assumed. This article meanders...
Journal Article
positions (2022) 30 (1): 9–34.
Published: 01 February 2022
...Malcolm Thompson Abstract This article argues that the origins of the one-child policy beginning in 1980 in China, and its development into the current system of “comprehensive population management,” are to be found not in any unfolding of a statist or authoritarian logic, or within the parameters...
Journal Article
positions (1997) 5 (1): 107–136.
Published: 01 February 1997
...Won Soon Park Copyright © 1997 by Duke University Press 1997 Japanese Reparations Policies and the "Comfort Women" Question Won Soon Park Introduction The Japanese Imperial Army left an indelible mark on the destinies of many Asian...
Journal Article
positions (2018) 26 (4): 619–646.
Published: 01 November 2018
... alienation, started to call for a simple life insurance for the lower classes. Influenced by European social insurance programs, these reformers advocated for a state-run system that would function as a kind of social policy that would improve the lives of the poor. Advocates argued that the universalizing...
Journal Article
positions (2012) 20 (2): 629–656.
Published: 01 May 2012
...Allison Truitt The fight against inflation is a defining feature of neoliberalism and structural adjustment policies. Since the 1970s, inflation has been cast as a threat greater than unemployment because it destroys the pricing mechanism on which the flow of information in markets depends...
Journal Article
positions (2010) 18 (1): 253–277.
Published: 01 February 2010
... as the answer to the second. This essay maintains, however, that local state actors played the central and effectively centralizing role in informatization ( xinxihua ) projects in Nanhai City, Guangdong province. Through local e-government projects and a series of policies regarding land use, financing...
Journal Article
positions (2012) 20 (1): 211–239.
Published: 01 February 2012
... a layered inscription of citizenship, loyalty, and labor via “the personal” formed the basic structure of meaning mobilized in identification documents. It traces the specific ways in which this emerged around practices and policies developed to monitor and control Chinese migration within the Burma-China...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (2): 309–350.
Published: 01 May 2013
... and the advent of the mass mobilization policy: the Army Art Association (Rikugun Bijutsu Kyōkai), the Women Artists Service Corps (Jōryū Bijutsuka Hōkōtai), and the Art Unit for Promoting the Munitions Industry (Gunju Seisan Bijutsu Suishintai). Although these three collectives were all created under the banner...
Journal Article
positions (2014) 22 (1): 203–236.
Published: 01 February 2014
..., thus exacerbating human rights in Darfur. Second, it examines how China offered a traditional Confucian concept of “harmonious society” as a theory of international relations that stresses nation-state sovereignty or privacy (China's nominal policy of noninterference) and mutual economic development...
Journal Article
positions (2014) 22 (3): 551–572.
Published: 01 August 2014
... adopted its Reform and Opening policy in 1978. Second, the temporary tent set up annually for worship was replaced by a building, dubbed both “museum” and “temple” by way of creative use of a “double-naming method.” And third, the temple fair was formally identified as a piece of intangible cultural...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (2): 317–347.
Published: 01 May 2015
..., and postcolonial state culture. We show that, despite the widely held view that Ilminchuŭi, the official state policy of the Syngman Rhee regime, was a fascist ideology, it was in fact developed from anticolonial ethnic discourses in Korea. In addition, despite its alleged “nationalist democracy,” Ilminchuŭi...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (2): 349–365.
Published: 01 May 2015
...John Whittier Treat Pinkwashing and homonationalism are recent terms coined to describe the identification of sexual minorities with the neoliberal state; the former is usually used to critique certain policies within the State of Israel meant to promote its society as tolerant of diversity...
Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (1): 131–144.
Published: 01 February 2015
... by putting it in the context of the People's Republic of China's (PRC) patriotic education policy that securitizes culture by focusing on identity as difference in a zero-sum game that distinguishes civilization from barbarism, and China from the rest of the world. It critically analyzes the professors...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (2): 555–582.
Published: 01 May 2016
... relationship with the ethnic Chinese community was more a class issue than a matter of ethnicity and, perhaps more interesting, the state's policy toward the ethnic Chinese changed very little despite the transformation of the state from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy through the People's...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (4): 813–837.
Published: 01 November 2016
... Kim Saryang and nominated for the Akutagawa Prize in 1940; and the essay “Chōsen ni okeru kokugo seisaku oyobi kokugo kyōiku no shōrai” (“National Language Policies in Korea and the Future of National Language Education,” 1942), written by the prominent Japanese linguist Tokieda Motoki. The article...
Journal Article
positions (2009) 17 (2): 261–287.
Published: 01 May 2009
... event triggered by Yoshinori Kobayashi's graphic history On Taiwan , (Shin G manism Sengen Supesharu—Taiwan Ron) which appeared in 2001, and the discourse of self-effacement and self-abjection present in many literary texts, cultural policies, and public opinions during the Japanese colonial period, I...
Journal Article
positions (2010) 18 (1): 89–143.
Published: 01 February 2010
...Barry Sautman In May 2008 Time magazine's annual “ Time 100” list of influential people in the world put the Dalai Lama at the top. This outcome was related to the preceding six weeks of protests in Tibet and attendant Western criticisms of China's Tibet policies, but it also reflected the two...
Journal Article
positions (2017) 25 (2): 351–387.
Published: 01 May 2017
... of the unemployed, the homeless, and the semipermanently underemployed have emerged sharply against the backdrop of the turn to neoliberalism and dismantling of social policy, Tanigawa's work has seen a sudden resurgence. But his work is frequently being presented as “utopian,” “nativist,” “romantic,” and so forth...
Journal Article
positions (2018) 26 (2): 305–341.
Published: 01 May 2018
... more than a case study for examining how judges and scientists (acting as experts) engage in boundary work to construct scientific validity. Explication of the RCA case in the East Asian context has many important social and policy implications, considering the tenuous relationship between the presence...