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Qing reforms

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Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (1): 15–39.
Published: 01 February 2015
... of Qing “backwardness,” which influenced not only Europeans and US citizens but also modern Chinese reformers and revolutionaries in their efforts to fashion a “new” China that would one day catch up with and surpass Japan. This 1895 reversal of narratives lies in the background of the 2006 MIT...
Journal Article
positions (2006) 14 (1): 131–164.
Published: 01 February 2006
... by many to be the greatest late-Qing philosopher. Like many other reformers of the time, he was concerned with the fate of China in the modern world, positions 14:1  Spring 2006 138 but he was also invested...
Journal Article
positions (2007) 15 (2): 369–401.
Published: 01 May 2007
.... In fact, every late Qing reform movement aimed at modernization was tinged with enlightenmentalism. In this period of history, the imperial regime, officials, and intellectuals alike expressed interest in creating a highly homogenized community...
Journal Article
positions (2001) 9 (1): 219–243.
Published: 01 February 2001
... Temples at Chengde.2 Located some two hundred miles northeast of Bei- jing, Chengde (also known as Rehe) contained an eighteenth-century palace and temple complex built under the early Manchu emperors of the Qing dynasty. One of its temples...
Journal Article
positions (2003) 11 (2): 301–330.
Published: 01 May 2003
... a proper, enlightened creature and of each man an evolved, open-minded reformer. But late Qing authors do not seem to see much progress and civilization on the streets of Shanghai. Lu Shi’e, an old Shanghainese writer, echoes...
Journal Article
positions (2012) 20 (4): 1159–1189.
Published: 01 November 2012
...Mark Swislocki This article examines points of convergence and divergence in Chinese and Anglo-US notions of animal protection and shows how representations of animals and animal protection in late Qing Shanghai constituted claims to moral authority. It draws on representation of animal cruelty...
Journal Article
positions (2003) 11 (2): 443–478.
Published: 01 May 2003
... hat is remade in the colors of the Republican flag). other cities, not to mention the Qing central government Bureau of Agri- culture, Industry, and Commerce. In their view, the main threat posed by societal vestimentary reform...
Journal Article
positions (2014) 22 (1): 131–159.
Published: 01 February 2014
... Judge’s studies would help us better understand the woman question during the late Qing reforms. See The Precious Raft of History: The Past, the West, and the Women Question in China (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2008); See also Joan...
Journal Article
positions (2001) 9 (1): 29–68.
Published: 01 February 2001
... my treatment of the history of these two concepts in the past century into three periods: late Qing, May Fourth, and the 1930s. In the 1900s we saw the rise of Chinese populism. In order to save China, intellec- tuals now found that the great...
Journal Article
positions (2005) 13 (3): 535–574.
Published: 01 August 2005
... not killed? Jiang Qing (addressing the four leaders of the Red Guards): Have not positions 13:3  Winter 2005 538 seen you for a long time. You certainly are not putting up big characters...
Journal Article
positions (1995) 3 (1): 69–96.
Published: 01 February 1995
...Hu Ying Copyright © 1995 by Duke University Press 1995 The Translator Transfigured: lin Shu and the Cultural logic of Writing in the late Qing Hu Ying It might seem that the translator ought, despite or perhaps because of his or her oath...
Journal Article
positions (2010) 18 (2): 373–398.
Published: 01 May 2010
... arguments made by Liu Jen-­peng and Ding Naifei. In her important study of the late Qing and early republican Chinese nationalist discourse of women’s rights, Liu makes the case that the gender equality ideology of that period was articulated...
Journal Article
positions (1999) 7 (2): 377–420.
Published: 01 May 1999
..., reform, and promotion. It was as if, with the elimination of the Qing codes, Peking opera could now be “recoded” to fit into a new nationalist modernity. When Sun Yatsen deliv- ered the opening address at the Shanghai Actors’ Association...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (1): 95–132.
Published: 01 February 2013
... of the first diplomatic encounter between Britain and Qing China, the politics of posture involve not simply symbolism but embodiment. “Bodily action,” Hevia observes of the Macart- ney Mission, “constructed highly consequential relationships.”1 Indeed...
Journal Article
positions (2003) 11 (3): 779–800.
Published: 01 August 2003
... the establishment of the journal Tien Yee [Natural justice] in Tokyo in 1907. But the life of the journal was less than a year. Later He Zhen sank low to become a “woman spy” for the Manchu Qing government, and still later she lived in seclusion for many...
Journal Article
positions (2003) 11 (2): 361–393.
Published: 01 May 2003
... proletarian white fashion, found a place in the iconog- raphy of the period. Jiang Qing’s 1973 effort to create a hybrid fashion that stressed order and rationality provides an apposite example of the limits of sartorial malleability. Chen Proletarian...
Journal Article
positions (2011) 19 (1): 55–82.
Published: 01 February 2011
... University Press 2011 Ways of Seeing the Nation: Chinese Painting in the National Essence Journal (1905 – 1911) and Exhibition Culture Lisa Claypool During the waning years of the Qing empire, the National Essence Jour- nal (Guocui xuebao, was published...
Journal Article
positions (2004) 12 (2): 329–376.
Published: 01 May 2004
... in the late Qing. The advent of print media and the establishment of the educational system made possible the development of a more widespread readership that included women. In addition, phrases such as “the people” and the “reform...
Journal Article
positions (1995) 3 (1): 1–68.
Published: 01 February 1995
... of the Ming dynasty nor “firearms and calendar” imported in the early Qing, nor the “arts of weaponry and military drill” of the mid-Qing, nor late-Qing “schemes for wealth and power” and “tactics of political reform,” nor...
Journal Article
positions (2003) 11 (2): 395–425.
Published: 01 May 2003
... for celebrating its instinct for fashion.5 But his own search for answers, and indeed the formulation of his questions, was clearly hampered by the paucity of studies on consumption in China under the Qing.6 This dearth has been...