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Meiji reforms

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Journal Article
positions (2015) 23 (1): 15–39.
Published: 01 February 2015
... Dynasty (1644–1911) reforms since the 1860s into “failures” and contemporary Meiji (1868–1912) reforms into “successes.” To grasp this dramatic reversal, we need new interpretations of the 1894–95 Sino-Japanese War that will unravel the Japanese and global propaganda that engulfed the world press...
Journal Article
positions (2018) 26 (4): 619–646.
Published: 01 November 2018
... – 92 . Tokyo : Ochanomizu Shobo . Castel Robert . 2003 . From Manual Workers to Wage Laborers: Transformation of the Social Question . New Brunswick, NJ : Transaction . Ericson Steven J. 1996 . The Sound of the Whistle: Railroads and the State in Meiji Japan . Cambridge, MA...
Journal Article
positions (2007) 15 (2): 345–368.
Published: 01 May 2007
... and Pak Yong-hyo staged a coup d’état and ousted the Conservative Party (Sugupa) with the intention of implementing reforms, following the model of Meiji Japan. After three days, the coup d’état was ended by Chinese troops, and the leaders fled...
Journal Article
positions (1994) 2 (3): 542–569.
Published: 01 August 1994
... of Modern Japanese Literature but ends up doing it regard- positions 2:3 Winter 1994 544 less. By conflating Westernization and modernization, scholarship on the Meiji period overdetermines certain...
Journal Article
positions (1997) 5 (1): 135–171.
Published: 01 February 1997
... periodic medical examinations of Filipina prostitutes whose customers were in the American navy during the US. occupation of the Philippines. Put in place during the Meiji period (1868-1912), the modern Japanese licensed prostitution...
Journal Article
positions (2002) 10 (2): 365–397.
Published: 01 May 2002
..., and a “combative enlightener” (tatakau keim¯oka) associated with authoritarian reformers in the middle and late Meiji periods.1 Critics consider Ogai’s¯ early romantic fiction and trenchant criticism to have played a central role in the establishment...
Journal Article
positions (2017) 25 (2): 255–292.
Published: 01 May 2017
... zasshi (Letters Magazine) 2 , no. 4 : 5 . Piper Andrew . 2009 . Dreaming in Books: The Making of the Bibliographic Imagination in the Romantic Age . Chicago : University of Chicago Press . Takanori Ri . 1996 . Hyōshō kūkan no kindai: Meiji “Nihon” no media hensei (The Space...
Journal Article
positions (2021) 29 (2): 373–398.
Published: 01 May 2021
... of the nineteenth century to the early twentieth century, the Meiji reform brought Western ideas, goods, and media technologies to Japan. According to Ryo Okubo (2018: 127), this is a period when indigenous visual culture (exemplified by colorful woodblock prints) and Western per- ception regimes intersected...
Journal Article
positions (1999) 7 (2): 503–540.
Published: 01 May 1999
... explosive,” linking the language problem that shook Meiji Japan to national and imperialist consciousness. Central to this emerging discourse was Ueda positions 7:2 0 1999 by Duke University Press. positions 7:2 Fall 1999...
Journal Article
positions (1998) 6 (3): 637–673.
Published: 01 August 1998
... will examine the ways in which Toson depicts tuberculosis, a disease so ubiqui- tous in late Meiji Japan that it was widely known as ko@ninbyG (our national disease). Tuberculosis admittedly plays a marginal role in the novel; the disease...
Journal Article
positions (1998) 6 (1): 67–112.
Published: 01 February 1998
... paying extraordinarily high land rents, was one point of sharp contention. As is well known, K6za faction writers believed that a refeudalized system of social relations took shape during the Meiji period, and they blamed high land rents...
Journal Article
positions (2000) 8 (3): 591–603.
Published: 01 August 2000
... the beginning of the Meiji period (1868–1912) through the Pa- cific War. In spite of the rapidity of change during this period, a num- ber of concerns continue to recur throughout. Defining and differentiating Japaneseness visvis the West and within Asia...
Journal Article
positions (2021) 29 (3): 581–606.
Published: 01 August 2021
... samurai and other elites during the Edo (1603–1868) and Meiji (1868–1912) periods, were not universal among all classes and regions (Toshitani 1994 ; Ueno 1987 ). In fact, historically there were a range of marriage practices, household structures, and inheritance norms (Smith 1987 ). For practical...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (2): 269–308.
Published: 01 May 2013
... counterpart to Japan’s Nihonga. Kokuga came into use in Japan sometime in the mid-­ to late eighteenth century,32 and Sat Dshin has commented on the reemergence of the word during the Meiji period along with other terms featuring the character koku...
Journal Article
positions (1993) 1 (3): 607–639.
Published: 01 August 1993
... distinct. The gap between the ideol- ogy of ethnic homogeneity and the heterogeneity of daily practices led the Meiji government to initiate a program of assimilation (dtjka),signifying the imperative that Okinawans transform their speech...
Journal Article
positions (2009) 17 (2): 289–314.
Published: 01 May 2009
... of nationality. The disenfranchised situation of women further dete- riorated when the Meiji nationality law came into effect in Taiwan in 1899. This law addressed women’s dependent nationality and their inability to transfer nationality to children born...
Journal Article
positions (1998) 6 (3): 597–635.
Published: 01 August 1998
... way to be equal to discharging one’s duty for the reform of the national script” (139- 140). Here, Mori is alluding to the debates over the unification of speech and script (genbun’itchi) that were so important in Meiji Japan...
Journal Article
positions (2016) 24 (4): 839–873.
Published: 01 November 2016
... reformers in the specific historical context of the day. Yosuke Nirei has conducted a compre- hensive analysis of this phenomenon. See Yosuke Nirei, “The Ethics of Empire: Protestant Thoughts, Moral Culture, and Imperialism in Meiji Japan” (PhD diss...
Journal Article
positions (2013) 21 (1): 95–132.
Published: 01 February 2013
... pictures, material objects, and oblique references in writing. The background facts of my story are simple enough. Japanese, we know, have sat on the floor for centuries. After the Meiji Restoration, chair sitting was introduced...
Journal Article
positions (2011) 19 (1): 83–107.
Published: 01 February 2011
... that seems positions 19:1  doi 10.1215/10679847-­2010-­025 Copyright 2011 by Duke University Press positions 19:1  Spring 2011 84 disproportionate to her power to threaten. At the close of the Meiji...