Japan occupies a unique position in the history of East Asia as the sole non-Western colonial power. Japan’s defeat in the Asia-Pacific War that ended its colonial expansion did not bring justice to its former colonies. The Japanese leadership and people were spared from being held accountable for its invasion and colonial rule by the United States in its Cold War strategy to make post–World War II Japan a military outpost and bulwark in the region against communism. How then did the Cold War shape feminisms in Japan, a former colonizing force that never came to terms with its colonial violence? What was the impact of the Cold War on Japanese women’s movements for their own liberation? What are the implications for today? This article discusses the effects of Japan’s imperial legacies during the Cold War and the current aftermath with examples taken from the history of the women’s movement in Japan.

This content is only available as a PDF.

References

References
Akibayashi, Kozue.
2004
.
“Anzenhosho to jenda ni kansuru kousatsu: Okinawa Kichi/Guntai wo Yurusanai Kodosuru On’na tachi (“A Gender Perspective on Security: Okinawa Women Act against Military Violence”)
.
Jenda Kenkyu (Journal of Gender Studies)
7
:
73
85
.
Akibayashi, Kozue; Takazato, Suzuyo.
2009
. “
Okinawa: Women’s Struggle for Demilitarization
.” In
The Bases of Empire: The Global Struggle against US Military Posts
, edited by Lutz, Catherine,
243
69
.
New York
.
New York University Press
.
“Asian Women’s Liberation” (“Ajia to Josei Kaiho”)
.
1977
.
Ajia no On’natachi no Kai
, no.
1
,
May
.
Cumings, Bruce.
2010
.
The Korean War: A History
.
New York
:
Modern Library
.
Jung, Yeong-hae.
2017
. “
Heitosupichi to Seibouryokuhigi: Gunjishugi to Shinjiyuushugi wo Koete (“Hate Speech and Damage by Sexual Violence: Beyond Militarism and Neoliberalism)
.” In
Okinawa ni Miru Gunjishugi to Seibouryoku (Miltarism and Sexual Violence in Oki-nawa)
, edited by
Tomisaka Christ Center
,
129
51
.
Tokyo
:
Ochanomizu Shobo
.
Kan, Hideki.
2010
.
Reisenshi no sai kento: Henyousuru chitsujo to reisen no shuuen (Re-examination of the Cold War: Changing Order and Ending of the Cold War)
.
Tokyo
:
Housei University Press
.
Kawada, Fumiko.
1987
.
Akagawara no ie: Chosen kara kita jugun ianfu (The Red Roof Tile House: A Comfort Woman from Korea)
.
Tokyo
:
Chikuma Shobo
.
“Kenpou ni kansuru Yoron Chosa” (“Opinion Poll on the Constitution”)
.
2018
.
NHK News Web
,
April
. .
Matsui, Yayori.
2003
.
Ai to Ikari, Tatakau Yuuki: Josei Jaanarisuto Inochi no Kiroku (Love, Anger, and Courage to Fight: A Document of a Female Journalist)
.
Tokyo
.
Iwanami Shoten
.
Mizuno, Naoki; Gyongsu, Mun.
2015
.
Zainichi Chosenjin (Koreans in Japan)
.
Tokyo
:
Iwanami Shoten
.
Mizutamari, Mayumi.
2012
.
“Ajiano on’natachi no kai to sono shuuhen—kokusai rentai no shiten kara” (“Asian Women’s Association and Their Surrounding: From the Viewpoint of International Solidarity”)
. In
Siri-zu sengo nihon shakaino rekishi 3 Shakai wo tou hitobito: Undou no nakano ko to kyoudousei (Series 3 History of Post-War Japanese Society Those Who Question Society: Individuals and Community in Movements)
, edited by Takashi, Yasuda,
258
85
.
Tokyo
:
Iwanami Shoten
.
Nakamura, Ilson.
2014
.
Rupo Kyoto Chosen Gakko Shugeki Jiken: Heito Kuraimu ni Koshite (Report on the Attack on the Kyoto Korean Ethnic School: Resisting Hate Crime)
.
Tokyo
:
Iwanami Shoten
.
Okinawa-ken Heiwa Kinen Shiryokan (Okinawa Prefectural Peace Memorial Museum)
.
n.d.
Okinawa Battle Q & A
.” (accessed March 1, 2019).
Reardon, Betty.
1996
.
Sexism and the War System
.
Syracuse, NY
:
Syracuse University Press
.
Takazato, Suzuyo.
1996
.
Okinawa no on’na tachi: Kichi/guntai to Josei no Jinken (Women in Okinawa: The Military Base and the Military, and the Human Rights of Women)
.
Tokyo
:
Akashi Shoten
.
Toward a New Era: Origin of Heisei Era Opaque as Public Records Remains Inaccessible
.”
2019
.
Mainichi
,
January
21
. .
United Nations Development Programme
.
1994
.
Human Development Report 1994: New Dimensions of Human Security
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
VAWW-Net Japan
.
2002
.
Josei Kokusai Senpan Houtei no Zenkiroku (The Whole Record of Women’s International Tribunal)
.
Tokyo
:
Ryokufu Shuppan
.
Watanabe, Mina.
2016
.
“Nikkan seifu ni yoru ‘goui’ to korekara: Shinso Kyumei no tameno chousa wo koso” (“The Agreement by the Governments of Japan and South Korea and the Path Forward: Research to Reveal the Truth Is What Needs to Be Done”)
.
WAM Dayori (WAM Newsletter)
32
:
6
13
.