In 1966, a year before riots broke out in Hong Kong protesting British colonial rule, an official government inquiry sought to explain the political behavior of the Hong Kong Chinese. According to the authors of the Report of the Working Party on Local Administration, the traditional Chinese view of the ideal relationship between government and people

is analogous to that which should exist between parents and children or between a shepherd and his flock. The actions of both parties should be in strict accordance with a moral code, under which the rulers of a society, who should be men of learning, virtue and ability, must ensure that the community enjoys peace, order and security, leaving individuals free to pursue their affairs without undue governmental interference. In return, the people must impose their full trust and confidence in their rulers, and have cause to oppose them only if the regime fails to provide the conditions of peace, order and security to which the community is entitled. Save for such opposition, this traditional concept does not contemplate the direct participation of the population in the organization or processes of government.

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