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altruism

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Journal Article
Poetics Today (2019) 40 (3): 579–596.
Published: 01 September 2019
... Joy Fowler’s We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves —to consider the challenges that nonhuman characters pose to such models and the empathy-altruism hypothesis. It first considers the cognitive differences between humans and chimps to stress just how difficult it is to represent chimp cognition...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2011) 32 (2): 349–389.
Published: 01 June 2011
... of Romanticism, to the projection of feeling onto inanimate objects theorized by late-nineteenth-century German aesthetics as Einfühlung . Hardy's diction and notes show his knowledge of the related concepts, sympathy and altruism. At the time, sympathy (feeling for someone) was differentiated from empathy...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2016) 37 (4): 573–578.
Published: 01 December 2016
... caring for others that Flesch identifies as “true altruism” (2012).3 Since this altruism is literary and philosophical, 1. For a thumbnail sketch of Flesch in his own words, see “Other Memes, Other Minds” (2012). 2. As Flesch notes, I discuss Cavell’s position in Evolving Hamlet (2011: 124 – 31). 3...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2009) 30 (4): 653–668.
Published: 01 December 2009
... is not solely to create literary works but to create the means by which others might do so, and this is perhaps altruistic—Jouet in fact says so explicitly in a passage I will discuss more fully in a moment. But such altruism is a gesture that begins to reveal what their ideals...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2011) 32 (2): 255–288.
Published: 01 June 2011
... Simon Leslie A. Frith Uta 1985 `` Does the Autistic Child Have a `Theory of Mind?' '' Cognition 21 : 37 – 46 . Batson C. Daniel 1991 The Altruism Question: Toward a Social-Psychological Answer ( Hillsdale, NJ : Erlbaum ). 2009 `` These Things Called Empathy: Eight...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2007) 28 (4): 807–816.
Published: 01 December 2007
... biologists about the origins of altruism suggests the same conclu- sion. It has been hypothesized that the ability to fool oneself about one’s own motives may well be adaptive. Hypocrisy and self-delusion, in these arguments, are part of the necessary equipment for living. Especially in social...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2011) 32 (1): 1–53.
Published: 01 March 2011
...] S/Z: An Essay , translated by Miller Richard ( New York : Farrar, Straus & Giroux ). Batson C. Daniel 1998 `` Altruism and Prosocial Behavior in The Handbook of Social Psychology , 4th ed. , edited by Gilbert Daniel Fiske Susan Lindzey Gardner , 282 – 316...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2016) 37 (4): 539–571.
Published: 01 December 2016
... Kenneth Jost Walter , 149 – 70 ( Chicago : Northwestern University Press ). 2008 Comeuppance: Costly Signaling, Altruistic Punishment, and Other Biological Components of Fiction ( Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press ). 2012 “Paradoxes of Altruism in the Digital Age,” Los...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2019) 40 (3): 519–541.
Published: 01 September 2019
...: Variation and Universality .” Psychological Bulletin 125 , no. 1 : 47 – 63 . Cialdini Robert B. Brown Stephanie L. Lewis Brian P. Luce Carol Neuberg Steven L. . 1997 . “ Reinterpreting the Empathy-Altruism Relationship: When One into One Equals Oneness .” Journal...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2009) 30 (3): 561–607.
Published: 01 September 2009
..., and Altruism: Empirical and Conceptual Links ,” in Eisenberg and Strayer 1987b: 292 -316. Eisenberg, Nancy, and Janet Strayer 1987a “ Critical Issues in the Study of Empathy ,” in Eisenberg and Strayer 1987b: 3 -13. Eisenberg, Nancy, and Janet Strayer, eds. 1987b Empathy and Its Development...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2004) 25 (4): 673–688.
Published: 01 December 2004
... of altruism and that the lies are morally compensated for by his good intentions. But something more is going on in this scene of rejection. Just as her sightedness does not make her a decent person, so too does the fat woman’s knowledge of the truth (that Lao Zhao lies) stop short of any personal...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2016) 37 (2): 309–326.
Published: 01 June 2016
..., and Jacques Derrida, a lineage that increasingly moved the exploration of exchange within the gift (thus defusing its altruism) toward registering the temporality of gift giving. If, as Derrida maintains, “the gift as such is impossible” (Derrida et al. 1999: 60), “the gift is not a gift, the gift only...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2011) 32 (2): 235–253.
Published: 01 June 2011
... a riptide. Two of the strongest crosscurrents are competitiveness and self-­interest, although these forces often push us into alliances where we cooperate, too. A more serious danger is mooching: some altruism is reciprocal but time delayed; I give you something and some time later you...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2002) 23 (1): 21–42.
Published: 01 March 2002
... of species, Dawkins linked ‘‘individual altruism’’ to ‘‘gene selfishness a gene present in a particular organism will sometimes ‘‘assist replicas of itself that are sitting in other bodies On this view, natural selection favors the propagation of genetic patterns that work toward an evolutionarily...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2011) 32 (1): 81–106.
Published: 01 March 2011
... . Mikulincer Mario Shaver Phillip R. Gillath Omni Nitzberg Rachel A. 2005 `` Attachment, Caregiving, and Altruism: Boosting Attachment Security Increases Compassion and Helping , Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 89 : 817 – 39 . Milne A. A. 2009 [1926] Winnie...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2004) 25 (2): 171–203.
Published: 01 June 2004
..., Julie A. Cross, and Helen E. Neuringer-Benefiel 1986 “Where Is the Altruism in the Altruistic Personality?” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 50 : 212 -20. Berleant, Arnold 1991 Art and Engagement (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press). Bohart, Arthur C., Robert Elliott...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2007) 28 (4): 573–606.
Published: 01 December 2007
... “Figural Literalism: Metaphor, Altruism, and Alterity in Dante and Caterina da Siena,” Exemplaria 18 ( 1 ): 1 -30. Bernard de Clairvaux 2005 Sermons on the Song of Songs , translated by Robert Walton (Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications). Callu, Florence 1987 “ Le Fond Proust de la...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2020) 41 (2): 261–279.
Published: 01 June 2020
... marooned in her skull. This narratological strategy allows Wallace to move toward his ideal of an attentive, committed, communal form of thought and, ultimately, a form of life. Not only does Wallace take the risks of exposure; he also exhibits an altruism toward the unknown strangers who read his work...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2022) 43 (2): 219–241.
Published: 01 June 2022
... the story of the representative experiencer for financial gain to alleviate the central need. Concurrently, storytelling within charity fundraising letters serves a self-oriented need in the potential donor (e.g., of empowered altruism), while simultaneously and relatedly backgrounding more complex...
Journal Article
Poetics Today (2009) 30 (3): 373–422.
Published: 01 September 2009
... ,” in Malle et al. 2001: 171 -91. Moore, Chris 2006 The Development of Commonsense Psychology (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum). Moore, Chris, and Shannon Macgillivray 2004 “Altruism, Prudence, and Theory of Mind in Preschoolers,” in Connections between Theory of Mind and Social-Moral Development...